Thomas Jefferson Papers
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Memorandum Books, 1791

1791.

         1791.         Philadelphia
Jan. 1. Cutting wood 2/3 etrennes to Printer’s boy .25 borrowed of Mr. Remsen 50.D.
2 
Pd. wages to  Francis 6.D. board 8.D. }  = 26.D.
Matthew 6.D. James 6.D. 
4. Pd. Wm. Clarke, bell hanger on acct. 5.D.
Pd. for 1⅞ cord wood 10.D. cutting &c. 5/7½.
5. Aitken4 for a bedstead £3–17–6—coach hire .25.
6. Borrowed of Mr. Remsen 12.D.
Pd. Robertson5 the blacksmith 35/.
7. Coach hire .5.
Recd. warrt. for a quarter’s salary & lodged in bank. viz. 875 D.
8. Recd. of bank a post bill payable to Wm. Lindsay to reimburse him freight of some of my furniture from
Havre to Norfolk 50.36 }  = 200.D.
Recd. in cash by Fras. Seche from bank  149.64
Pd. Bradly6 the tinman 29/9—pd. for broom 2/.
James hhd. xp. 3.D.—took possn. drawg. room & parlour.
Begin to dine at home.
Screws 2/9—hooks 5/—rack to lamp 3.D.
Cutting 1¾ cords wood 5/3.
10. Repd. H. Remsen for 1¾ cords wood £3–10.
Repd. him also the 62.D. borrowed Jan. 1. & 6.
Remdd. post note to Wm. Lindsay as above.
Billy’s wife (Mrs. Gardener)7 begins to wash for me @ £20. a year.
11. Pd. Long8 for a double book press £7.
 
Gave Mrs. House order on bank for 75⅓ D. in full.
Gave her servt. 2.D.—pd. for 1. doz. porter 1.D.
12. Recd. from bank a post note payable to Carter Braxton for 116⅔ D. & remitted it to him under cover to Dr. Currie to pay for the horse I bought of him.
Gave J. Madison ord. on bank for 95.26 D.
Recd. back from him 23.26 D. overpaimt. our acct. standing thus
   travelling exp. pd. by him  38.66   
price of horse9 I bought of him £25. Virga.   83.33
paid him  Dec. 26.
Jan. 12.
 50
 95.26
balance returned by him  23.26
145.26  145.26
James balce. hhd. xp. 9/9. on acct. 9/ = 2.5.
¾ cord of wood 4.D. cutting 2/3.
14. Cutting ¾ cord of wood 2/3.
15. ¾ cord of wood 4.D.—James 2/9 + 7/6 = 1.36.
Long for racks & cross peices to paper press 2.D.
Cask cyder 1.66.
18. Pd. Francis hhd. xp. 28/7 + washg. 51/9 = £4–0–4.
Campbell10 1. ℔ Imperial tea11 2.D.—lock & cocks 7/.
James 10/ + 5/ = 2.D.
Jan. 19. Gave Hiltzheimer ord. on bank for 60.1 D. in full keepg. horses his servts. 1.D.
Jacob Stine, by Francis. 30. bush. oats £4–4.
Sheaff.12 12. bottles Madeira wine 8.D. cuttg. ⅝ cord wood .25.
20. Pd. for 1⅜ cord hiccory 7.33 D. cuttg. ¾ cord do. 2/3 = .3.
Pd. ⅞ cord beach 2.5 D. cuttg. .35 D.
James 9/1 + 13/5 = 3.D.
Recd. from bank 125.D.
 
Pd. Billington13 the taylor in full £14–13–10½.
Took possn. of ding. room & front room.
Ingles14 for cabinetwork in full £4.
Starr for 2. pr. boots £5–2–6.
21. Pd. Wm. Hamilton15 for repairs of stable to be chargd. agt. rent £5–16–10 cutting wood .66.
22. For N. York magazine16 .25 waggoning hay 1.33.
3. Venetian blinds 15.D.
24. James 9/3 + 13/3 = 3.
25. Mendg. bowl .5 barber .25.
26. Cuttg. wood .73 brush .13.
27. James 4/9 + 10/3 = 2. cartg. 15. loads furniture 3.D.
28. Francis 1. doz. porter 1.
Do. for Laxley for 2175. ℔ hay 16.11.
29. James 8/9 + 6/3 = 2.
Recd. by Francis from bank 50.D.
Pd. Bringhurst17 his acct. 10.23—Joseph in part wages 1.D.
31. James 4 + 11/ = 2.
Feb. 1. Francis wages 7. Matthew 6. James 6. Joseph 3. = 22.D.
2. Tenterhooks .73.
3. Matthew. powder, pomat. &c. 3.84 James 9/9 + 5/3 = 2.
4. Recd. from Fras. Hopkinson an order on the bank for 120.D. being the balance of his acct. & Dr. Franklin’s due to me.
Gave Sharpe Delany ord. on bank for 28.39 duty & portage of wines & papers.18
 
Lodged in bank F. Hopkinson’s note for 120.D.
5. James 7/3 + 9/5 = 2.22.
Recd. from bank by Francis 50.D.
6. Francis small exp. 1.23.
7. James 8/10 + 6/2 = 2.
9. Do. 6/2 + 8/10 = 2. do. for brushes 5/6.
Inclosed to Capt. Colly bank note for 70.D. for 2. tables.19 Credit the same to bank.
10. Baker’s bill 10/4 smith’s 13/ to Francis 1. doz. porter 1.D.
11. Bought cask of Madeira of John Nancarrow @ 16/ pr. gall. Gave him ord. on bank for 30.D. balce. payable 1st. of April.
Carey & Stewart20 9th. vol. of Museum 1.33.
12. James 13/1 + 5/8 = 2.5.
15. Do. 19/7 + 6/5 = 3.5.
16. Recd. of Dr. Johnson for Encyclopedie21 31.55 D.
18. James 7/2 + 7/10 = 2.
Storage & portage 2. tables from Capt. Colly 4/10 = .64.
Matthew brushes .63.
19. James 1.D. Jenkins subscriptn. for writg. book22 .6.
Smith shoeing 3 horses 2.4.
Feb. 22. Footcloth .13 James 5/4 + 9/8 = 2.—wood out.
¾ cord hiccory 4.5 cutting .3.
24. Wm. Forbes ord. on bank for 24.D. storage of furniture.
¾ cord hiccory 4. cutting .3 footcloth .53.
25. James 8/3 + 6/9 = 2.
 
28. Francis acct. powder & pomatum .43.
James 9/10 + 20/ = 4.
Mar. 2. Do. 18/9 + 3/9 = 3.
Freight & duties 36. bottles Lisbon wine23 from J. Bulkeley & son 2.5 wood out.
¾ cord hiccory 4.
3. Portage of wine .17.
Recd. from bank by Francis 50.D.
Wages. Francis 7. Matthew 6. James 6. Brown 1.5 = 20.5.
Cutting wood .3.
5. James 32/ + 13/ = 6. blacksmith .47.
Bell hanger on acct. 5.D.
8. James 12/8 + 6/1 = 2.5 corks .25 wood out.
1. cord hiccory 4. measurg. 4d. cartg. .4 cuttg. .4.
*Tea out. The pound has lasted exactly 7. weeks, used 6 times a week. This is 821 or .4 of an oz. a time, for a single person. A pound of tea making 126. cups costs 2.D. 126 cups or ounces of coffee = 8 ℔ cost 1.6*.
Campbell 1. ℔ Imperial tea 2.
9. There were 111. bottles of Nancarrow’s wine = 23. galls.
10. James 6/5 + 8/7 = 2.
12. Do. 8/2 + 10/7 = 2.5.
15. Do. 6/11 + 8/1 = 2. 1. doz. porter 1.D. wood out.
16. 1. cord hiccory 4. cuttg. &c. .84.
James 1.D.—chimney sweep .8 D.
18. James 10/10 + 4/2 = 2.D.
*On trial it takes 11. dwt. Troy of double refd. Maple sugar to a dish of coffee or 1 ℔ Avoirdupoise to 26.5 dishes, so that at 20 cents pr. ℔ it is 8 mills per dish. An ounce of coffee @ 20. cents pr. ℔ is 12.5 mills so that sugar & coffee of a dish is worth 2 cents.
Opened box containing 34th. to 38th. inclus. livraisons of Encyclop. furnished by Frouillé.
19. Pd. coach hire .625.
20. Pontage 5d.
21. James 7/10 + 7/2 = 2.D.—in charity 7/6—pontage 5d.
23. James 9/ + 6/ = 2.D.
 
24. In charity 3.D.
25. Pd. for a cord of oak 17/6 cartg. &c. 4/7 = 22/3.24
26. James 16/5 + 6/1 = 3.D.
27. Sold my Albemarle tobo. 13. hhds. =   ℔ to Lieper @ 5 D. and the rise till paimt. which is to be in Sep. Also he is to have my Bedfd. tobo. on same terms.
29. James 16/1 + 6/5 = 3.D.
30. Pontage 14d.
April 1. James 29/1 + 4/8 = 4.5 D.
2. Do. 6/2 + 1/4 = 1.D.
4.
Wood out. Pd. for a cord of oak 18/ cording, carting, cutting 4/7  }  3.1.25
Apr. 4. Recd. warrant from Treasury for a quarter’s salary and lodged the same in the bank 875. Dollars.
Gave orders on the bank for a post-note D.
for  Wm. Brown for 97. 06
Danl. L. Hylton 22. 75
Rob. & Pet. Bruce  66. 5
cash to H. Remsen     413. 69
600.
Recd. from the bank the three post-notes above mentioned and the 413.69 D. cash by Mr. Remsen.
Inclosed to Wm. Brown of Maryland the postnote of 97.06 under cover to Mr. C. Carrol, being agreed to be the balance of old dealings between T. Adams, Perkins, Buchanan & Brown, & myself.26
5. Delivd. to H. Remsen to be sent to Rob. & P. Bruce the postnote of 66.5 Doll. in full for the year’s rent of their house in New York. Note it was put into an open letter from me to them.
Inclosed to D. L. Hylton the postnote for 22.75 D. being for warehouse & shipping expences pd. by him for me on 13. hhds. tobo. sent here.
Gave Thos. Lieper order on the bank for 100.D. being one quarter’s rent ending the 7th. inst.
 
Pd.  Matthew wages 6.D.
James do. 6.D. also 10.31 D. for Carrall for hanging jack &c.
Brown 3.D.
Francis 7.D.
£
Pd. Francis for  Jesse Sharples27 8– 8– 3 =  22.43
Jacob Stine 2–14–10 =  7.31
Christoph. Rauch. baker 3–17–10 = 10.38 40.12
40.12
James hhd. exp. 9/4 + 5/8 = 2.D.
Pd. Francis for Jacob Stine’s 2d. acct. 10.87
Fanner & McDowell28 2. Venetn. blinds  10.
John Nancarrow balce. for wine 19.07 39.94
4. bread baskets 1. Doll.
Pd. Wm. Clarke for hanging bells in full 22.33 D.
Pd. for a pr. gloves 1.D.
Pd. Francis for John Roger for 22. Cwt. of hay 17⅔ D. weighg. 2/6.
6. Pd. Carstairs29 for jobs £3–5–6 = 8.73.
Pd. Wm. Forbes freight, storage, drayage of 13. hhds. tobo. 42.93.
Pd. Thos. Billington the taylor in full £4–15–3½ = 12.7.
Pd. Mr. Remsen what he had pd. for wood in Jan. 11.D.
Gave in charity 3/9 pd. for cutting knife 5.D.
Pd. Mrs. Gardener (by James) a quarter’s washing 13.33.
7. Pd. Loyd subscription for debates of Congress30 now to be printed 5.D.
Pd. Thos. Mason31 for press for trimming paper 8.D.
 
8. Pd. Herbst & Lex.32 grocery acct. 35.21 D.
Pd. expence of taking up horse 2.D.
Pd. Henry & Joseph Ingle cash 50 } = 137.04 D. in full for acct. of Cabinet work.
Gave them order on the bank for  87.07
Analysis of expenditures of the last quarter from Jan. 8. to Apr. 8. inclusive
Houserent 115.58 Receipts. D.
Stable expences 96.85 Jan.  7. Salary 875 
Servants 65.5  Feb.   4. Hopkinson 120 
dress 70.82 16. Johnson 31. 55
washing 20.23 Apr.  4. Salary 875.
Stores 69.65 errors 5. 71
baker 11.76 1907. 26
grocer 35.21
market 88.39
wood 70.81
furniture 271.38
arrearages pd. up 552.65
Contingencies 260.22
 Total paid 1729.05
 Cash in hand 64.53
  in bank 113.68
1907.26
9. James market money 23/7 + 6/5 = 4.D.
Pd. Bartram the 6. Louis Mde. de Tessé had given me for him = 27 D.
Pontage .06.
11. Wood out. Pd. for cord of ash 3.D.—do. of oak 2.66 cordg. cuttg. &c. 1.22 = 6.88.
Pd. Bache for advertisemt.33 3.D.
 
12. Matthew powder &c. 2.73.
James market money 30/9 + 6/9 = 5.D.—pontage .06—coach hire 3/9.
14. Four flower-pots 6/—calash34 5.D.
15. Recd. from bank postnote for Adam Lindsay. Norf. 11.6 D. for 54 ℔ myrtle candles.35
Inclosed it to him.
James 7/3 + 7/9 = 2.D. 2 flowerpots .2.
16. Tea out. Pd. for 1. ℔ Imperial 2 D.
Recd. by Francis from bank 40.D.—pd. Fras. for straw 6/6.
Pd. Aitken for bedstead &c. 8.D.
18. James 14/10 + 7/8 = 3.D. 7 flower pots 5/9 wax 3/8 pipeclay36 6d.
20. Wash bason 1/6—tin work 26/3—shoeing horses 25/6.
1 doz. bott. porter 7/6—Francis ferrge. 4d.37
Recd. from J. W. Eppes38 100.D.
21. Lodged the same in the bank 100.D.
Pd. freight for candles 3/9.
22. Pontage .06.
23. James 22/4 + 7/8 = 4.D.
Order on bank in favr. John Carey39 for books 29.75 portge. .12.
24. Pd. Matthew Lavoratorini his wages 6.D. He leaves me and Philippe Ducombe comes into my service.
25. Pd. J. Madison for books 2.75—Leslie40 mendg. watch key &c. 1.D.
 
26. James 18/ + 4/6 = 3.
Recd. from bank by Francis 20.D.
Pd. Mrs. Jones in full for veils &c. 19/7.
28. James 3.D. postage for J. Madison 4/10.
29. Book 3/—charity .25.
30. James 12/6 + 10/ = 3.—Philip pomatum &c. 7/10½.
May 2. James 31/9 + 5/9 = 5.
Recd. from bank by Francis 25.D.
Pd. wages. Francis 7.D. James 6. Brown 3. Philip 1.5 = 17.5.
Pd. a cord of oak 17/6 cutting &c. 3/4.
4. James 16/ + 6/6 = 3. pontage 5d.
5. Postage J. Madison 1/ charity .37.
May 6. James 13/10 + 8/8 = 3.
Recd. of bank by Francis 25.D.
Pd. Jacob Stine 30. bush. oats £3–16–6 = 10.2.
7. James 1.D.—J. Smith 12. yds. striped nankeen for Maria 5.6.
Load of maple 17/ cutting &c. 5/10.
9. James 18/5 + 4/1 = 3.
10. Recd. of Thos. Lieper in part paymt. of tobo. his note for 400.D. Pd. at bank for disct. on placing it there to my credit 3.27.
11. Recd. of bank 25.D.—pd. for books 1.25.
James 15/6 + 7/ = 3. portage .25.
Gave order on bank for 45.D. to Leroy for V. Staphorsts & Hubard to correct error in my acct. with them. See my lre. of this day to them.41
Pd. for whip 3/6.
12. Pd. portage .25.
13. James 14/2 + 8/4 = 3.
14. James 1.D.—pd. Burgess42 6. pr. thrd. & cottn. stockgs. 6.D.—tin 1/.
15. Gave order on bank for 25 D. in favr. of J. Barclay Mayor for the sufferers by the late fire.43
 
16. Gave Capt. Stratton ord. on bank for 12.D. freight of 4. hhds. tobo. & 11.D. freight of things44 to Virga. = 23.D.
James market money 2.98 + clothes 6.4 = 9.38.
Pd. for cord .25.
Pd. Edwd. Fox45 notary for protesting Dr. Curries bills 17/ = 2.27.
Recd. from the bank 156.D.
Gave Mr. Remsen order on do. for 35.D.
Pd. for a book .55.
Pd. Philip  for ribban, powder &c. 6/9.
for postage for J. Madison 1/4.
Pd. Francis in part of wages 1.D.
Pd. Mr. Pemberton for Plutarch46 Gr. Lat. 6.66.
Cash  in hand 153.03 D.
in bank (exclus. of J. W. E.’s   50.06
203.09
17. James market money 1.3.
Set out from Philadelphia.47
Pd. ferrge. Nishaminy .23.
Heard the first Whip-poor-will.
18. Bristol. pd. lodging &c. 3.43.
Trenton. ferrge. .1 breakft. &c. 1.125.
Princeton. barber .25 dinner &c. 2.1.
19. Brunswick. lodgg. &c. 3.75.
 
Eliz. town point breakft. .86 ferrge. 2.125.
New York. boatmen & water side .625.
20. Book .625 [. . . .]48 coach hire .75 washg. .25.
James for exp. to Poughkeepsie 6 D.49 Haight a curb 1.5.
21. Elsworth entt. 6.16 servts. .7 barber .125.
22. Conklin’s50 breakft. .187.
23.
Poughkeepsie.  passage &c. to Capt. Cooper 6.86.
Hendrickson’s51 entt. & horses 7.23 portage .5.
24. Breakfd. & dined at Lasher’s.52—lodgd. at Pulvar’s.
25. Passed Claverack. breakfd. at Hudson.
Dined & lodged at Kenderhook.
May 26.
Albany.  breakfd. dined & lodged.
pd. ribbon .52 cleang. hat .125 book .875.
washing .56 pocket for Phaeton 2.5 book 1.25 comb .375.
Pd. J. Madison on acct. for expences 2.5.
27.
Passed Troy and Lansingburgh. breakfd. & dind. at Waterford.
Visited the falls at Cohoes.53
Lodged at Benjamin’s.
28. Visited Stillwater. breakfd. at Ensign’s. visited Saratoga.54
 
Dind. at McNeal’s. lodged at Fort Edward. Baldwin’s.55
29. Fort George.56 breakfd. &c.
30. Passed Lake George. dind. at Ticonderoga. lodgd. opposite Crown point.57
31. Sailed half way to Split rock.58 retd. & dind. at Chimney pt. opposite Crown pt.
Lodged at Ticonderoga.
June 1. Repassed Lake George.
2. Lodged at Sandy hill. Deane’s. visited Wing’s falls & Sandy hill falls.59
3. Breakfd. at McNeal’s. Crossed the Hudson at Saratoga.
Dined & lodged at Colvin’s in Cambridge. pd. horseshoe .125.
4. Visited the field of the battle of Bennington at Sickle’s 9 miles from Bennington & not within that township.60
 
5.
Bennington.  breakfd. &c. at Dewy’s.61
shoeing horse .125.
6.
Williamstown. breakfd. at Killock’s.
Lanesboro. dined at Wheeler’s.
Dalton. lodged at Mrs. Mash’s.62
7. Worthington. breakfd. at Smith’s. pd. breakft. 1.66.
Northampton. lodged at Pomeroy’s63 paid J. Madison 6. Guineas.
8. West Springfeild. breakfd. at Stebbins’s.
East Springfeild.64 saw 2 elms 6 f. 8 I. & 7 f. 7 I. diam.
Suffolk.65 dined at Hitchcock’s.
Hartford lodged 2 nights at Frederick Bull’s.66
10. Visited Sidon hill67 at upper end of Middletown.
Middletown. breakfd. & dined at Mrs. Bigelow’s.68
Punnypog pond.69 lodged at Stranton’s.
11. Guilford. breakfd. & dined at Medab Stone’s.70
 
Pd. J. Madison 6. guineas of 28/8 lawful each.
Sailed for Long island & was on the Sound all night.
12. Oysterpond point.71 breakfd. at Tupple’s.
Southold. dined & lodged at Mrs. Peck’s.72
13. Riverhead. breakfd. & dined at Griffin’s.73
Morichies. lodged at Downs’s.
14. Genl. Floyd’s. breakfd. & dind. visited the Unquachog Indians.74
Lodged at Terry’s.
15. Hamstead. breakfd.—went to Prince’s at Flushing.75
Dined & lodged at Jamaica—pd. J. Madison 1. Guinea.
16.
New York  breakfd. &c.
settlement of expences from Poughkeepsie to New York.   D.
whole expences  153.51
J. M.’s part ⅖ mine ⅗ to wit 92.1
pd. ante May 27. June 7.11.15.    66.16
balance now due to J. M. 25.94
17. Gave Matthew 4.75 D. James 1.D. horseler at Elsworth’s .25.
Pd. ferrge. Pauler’s hook 1.18 ferrymen .25 ferrge. &c. Bergen pt.76 .62.
 
Richmd. breakft. &c. .62 Billing’s point ferrge. &c. .62 Perth Amboy p[. . .] &c. .87.
Ferrge. to South Amboy 1.18.
18. S. Amboy pd. lodgg. &c. at Lott’s 1.76 servt. .25.
Breakfast at a tavern .53 pd. dinner &c. at Williamson’s 1.94.
Allentown. pd. barber .25.
June 19. Allentown. pd. lodging &c. at Francis’s 1.43.
Burlington  pd. barber .25 breakft. dinner &c. at Hoaglin’s 2.63.
servt. .25.
Ferrge. at Duns’s77 &c. 1.
Arrived at Philadelphia. Cash in hand 8.6.
20. Recd. back from H. Remsen 3.5.
Recd. from the bank by F. Seche 30.D.
Pd. an acct. to Haines & son for small beer 4. months, to wit from Jan. 18. to May 20. 15.D.
Gave James wages for last month 6.D.
Pd. do. market money 2.D.
The Stages & distances of my journey.78
May 17.  Philadelphia to miles    miles
water land
19. Eliz. town point 80.
  ferry to N. York 9 
23. Poughkeepsie. Hendrickson’s * 83 
Lasher’s * 16
Swartz’s  12
Katchum’s 4
24. Pulvar’s – 5
Claverack * 8
Hudson * 4
25. Kenderhook – 14
Miller’s 8
Moore’s 4
 
26. Albany * 8
Troy 6
Lansingboro’ 2
Waterford + 2
Peeble’s79 4
27. Benjamin’s – 7
Dr. Willard’s at Stillwater 4
Ensign’s * 4
Saratoga 6
McNeal’s ferry + 3
28. Fort Edwd. – Baldwin’s 11
Sandy hill falls + Deane’s 3
Wing’s falls 4
Halfway brook 1
29. Ft. George + Hay’s 7
Lake George 36
Ticonderoga Hay’s80 + 3
30. Crown point 15
further into the lake 8
31.
June   1. back to Fort George 62
 2.
Saratoga 29
 3. Cambridge. Colvin’s 15
Sickle’s (battle of Bennington) 6
 4. Bennington. Dewy’s * 9
Williamstown. Killock’s 14
Sloane’s 4
New Ashfeild81 4
Lanesboro’ Wheeler’s * 6
Pittsfeild 6
June  6. Dalton. Mrs. Marsh’s 4 ½
 7. Northampton Pomeroy’s * 34
West Springfeild Stebbins’s + 18
Suffeild. Hitchcock’s * 9 ½
Windsor 10
 8. Hartford. Fred. Bull’s * 8
Weathersfeild 4
Middletown. Bigelow’s + 11
Durham 8
10. Standfords – 7
Guilford Stone + 8
11. Oysterpond point 35
12. Southold. Mrs. Peck’s + 16
Hubbard’s 8
Riverhead * Griffin’s 10
 
13. Moritchie’s Downs’s + 12
Colo. Floyd’s 7
Hart’s82 + 13
14. Terry’s + 9
Strong’s 6
Udell’s 6
Bethpeg 10
Hamstead 9
15. Jamaica 10
Brooklyn 12
16. New York 1
Pauler’s hook 1 ¼
Bergen point 9
Staten island ¾
Richmond 6
Billing’s point 9
Perth Amboy ¼
17. South Amboy 1
Spotswood 10
Williamson’s 4
Cranberry 6
18. Allentown 11
Crosswick’s 4
Bordentown 4
Burlington 11
Duns’s ferry 4
 the ferry ¾
19. Philadelphia 16
256  + 664  =  920
 * good
 + midling
 – bad
June 20. Reimbursed Francis small hhd. exp. 12/7.
Gave ord. on bank for a post bill for 35.D. payable to J. Madison.
Gave ord. on do. to J. W. Eppes for 25.D.
Gloves .50.
21. Inclosed to J. Madison the bank post note of 35.D. to pay my balce. of expences & some small matters in N. York.
Note T. Lieper put 200 D. into my hands yesterday for Mr. Madison, which I changed at the bank for bank post notes & transmitted this day to J. M.
22. James market money 4/10 + 10/2 = 2.D.
Gave J. W. Eppes order on the bank for 12.D.
23. Pd. postage for J. Madison 1/4—pontage .0625.
24. James 17/10½ + 12/1½ = 4.D.
 
25. James 2.D.
Fras. 1. doz. porter 1.D.
Recd. of bank by Francis 25.D. pd. portage 1/.
27. James 14/ + 1/ = 2 D. pamphlet 1/.
29. James 15/4 + 6/5 = 2.9 ice .20.
30. Campbell 1. ℔ tea 2.D.
July 1. James 10/5 + 4/7 = 2.D.
Jacob  comes into my service @ 6.D.
2. James 22/3½ + 7/8½ = 4.D.
4. James 7/8 + 7/4 = 2.D. pontage from Gray’s 1/.83
5. James 2/9 + 12/3 = 2.D.
Lodged in the bank the treasurer’s warrt. for a quarter’s salary 875 D.
6. Gave order on bank in favr. of T. Lieper a quarter’s rent 100 D.
Gave order on do. for a postnote for J. Madison to repay him Baehr’s acct. 15.875 + 30 D. for Prince for trees,84 also for 100 ℔ maple sugar &c. on acct. making 60.D. & inclosd. to him.
Pd. Francis for the following persons, towit
£  s  d
Stine for oats 4– 10 –9
Everart acct. for hay 6– 6
Robertson for shoeing horses 1– 6
 
Billington. taylor’s bill 4– 18 –9
Rauch. baker’s do. 5– 1 –8
Herbst & Lex grocer’s do. 7– 15 –8½
Childs & Swaine.85 printing    1– 4 –4½
31– 3 –3 =  83.1
Pd. Francis his wages 7.D. & 4.D. for half a month’s board.
Pd. DuCombe for a month’s wages & half a month’s board 10 D.
Pd. do. acct. for pomatum &c. .78 disbursemts. 2.8 = 3.58.
July 7. Pd. James 6.D. the scullion 2.D.
James market money 5/6 + 9/6 = 2.D.
Pd. Mr. J. Ross freight of my carriages from Havre & of the President’s champagne86 72.57 D.
Pd. the washerwoman a quarter’s washing 13.33.
Pd. extra do. 1.D.
Pd. Mr. Ogden87 4½ weeks board @ 10/ = 45/ = 6 D.
Analysis of the expenditures of the last quarter from Apr. 9. to this present entry inclusive.
Doll. Reciepts
House rent 100  D.
Stable expences 46. 82 Apr.  8.  cash in hand & bank  178. 21
Servants 87. 9 May 10. recd. from Lieper 400.
dress 41. 64 July   5. Salary 875 
washing 14. 33 1453. 21
stores 31. 725
brewer 15.
baker 13. 55
grocer 20. 75
market money 86. 18
wood 13. 06
books 44. 06
furniture 8. 20
arrearges. pd. up.  72.
travellg. exp. 165. 56
contingencies 208. 19  968.965
 Cash this day in hand  44.05
       in bank 435.03  479.08
 errors of short entry       5.165
1453.21
 
Pd. Parish for a hat 4.D.
8. Pd. the washerwoman for 4. yds. cambrick 12.D.
Pd. for a map 1.11.
Pd. Mr. Remsen for Dr. Currie disbursemts. to Barton88 9.15 D.
Recd. from bank by Francis Seche 50.D.
Pd. Francis for sm. exp. 4/ ice 3/6 = 1.D.
Pd. at Gray’s .81.
9.
Pd.  for 13. cord of Maple @ 18/ and 4/ warfage  31.78
carting do. 5.2 cutting 5.2 piling .86 = 11.26  43.04
James 16/8 + 5/10 = 3.D. a gunsmith 8.93.
11. Recd. from bank by Francis 20.D.
Recd. from do. a postnote for 21.25 payable to D. Hylton which I inclosed to him for disbursements on 22. hhds. tobo.
Portage 2/5.
12. James 25/8 + 11/10 = 5.D. pd. for 4 fly screens 6.D. Gray’s .31.
14. James 12/11 + 2/7 = 2 D.
Recd. from bank by Francis 20.D. pd. Campbell 6. ℔ tea 11.2 D.
Pd. Aitken for a bedstead 3.5.
15. Pd. pontage to & from Ross’s89 .2.
July 16. James 12/4 + 2/8 = 2 D. Francis for straw 6/.
Recd. of the President by T. Lear90 John Warder’s excha. on John Warder & co. Lond. for £131–5 sterl. on acct. for disbursemts. for wine.
Pontage .06.
 
17. Gave ord. on bank to J. W. Eppes for 12.D.
James 19/6 + 3/ = 3 D. portage 1/6 ice 6/.
19. Francis small exp. 2/8 ice 6/10.
Petit arrives here.91
Postage for J.M.92 2/8 pd. at Harrowgate93 .5.
20.
James 26/6 + 3/6 = 4.D. D.
Gave  ord. on bank in favor of Stratton for freight & corn 80. 25
do. favr. Willing Morris & Swanwick94 for wine 27. 06
do. for post note in favr. Pet. Guide for wine95 12.
do. cash for myself by Francis 40.
159. 31
Pd. Stine for oats & corn 13.53 portage .8.
21. Gave in charity 10.D.
Inclosed to P. Guide the note for 12.D. ante.
Pd. at Gray’s .25.
22. James 27/7 + 2/5 = 4.D. Voigt96 mending watch .5.
23. Gave ord. on bank to J. W. Eppes for 10.D.
24. Pd. for ice 1.D.
25. James 36/8 + 10d. = 5.D.
Gave ord. on bank in favr. T. Barclay for 75.D. to be pd. to John Bulkeley & son at Lisbon for a pipe of wine.97
Pd. pontage .0625.
 
27. James 27/10½ + 9/7½ = 5.D.
Recd. from bank by Francis 60.D.
Pd. Palmer98 for 6. pr. shoes 10.D.
28. Remitted to Wm. Short, Warder’s bill for £131–5 st. ante July 16.
Pd. postage 1/ pontage .06¼.
29. James 24/ + 6/ = 4.D. pd. Campbell for a pr. slippers 4/2.
Aug. 1. James 31/ + 6/6 = 5.D.
Do. wages 6.D. Jacob do. 6.D. Francis do. 7.D. Ducombe do. 6.D.
Ducombe pomatum &c. 18/1½ Francis ice 1.D. porter 1.D.
3. James 48/2 + 4/4 = 7.D.
4. Recd. from bank by Francis 20.D.—gave him to bury his child 5.D.
Pd. for 2. doz. plates in part 40/—for 10th. vol. Museum 9/.
5. Pd. Francis for ice 1.D.
6. James 51/7 + 11d. = 7.D.
8. Do. 13/5 + 1/7 = 2 D.
Recd. from bank by Francis 20.D.
Pd. for 6. pr. cotton & thrd. stockgs. 6.D. Francis ice 1.D.
9. Pd. for phials 6d.
Pd. J. W. Eppes 5.D.
Pd. for mainsprings for fan99 6.D.
10. James 19/1 + 3/5 = 3 D.
Aug. 11. Recd. from bank by Francis 20.D.
12. James 54/3 + 5/9 = 8.D.
15. Francis small exp. 1/3.
17. Gave in charity 8.D.
Recd. Lieper’s note for 400.D. in part for tobo.
Pd. disct. of do. at bank 3.27 D.
Recd. of bank 75 D.
Pd. Stein for oats £4–11–6 = 12.20.
Pd. Bringhurst in full £10–8–6 = 27.80.
James £4–18–1 + 6/11 = 14 D.
18. Pd. for jelly glasses 3. doz. 3 D. ice 2.D.
19. Pd. for book .25.
 
20. James £3–17–3 + 5/3 = 11 D. postage 2/8.
22. Pd. for Presidt. on seeing threshg. machine1 1.D.
23. Pd. shoeing horses 18/.
24. Pd. James market money 40/ + 5/ = 6.D.
Recd. by Francis from the bank 25.D.
27. James 16/5 + 6/1 = 3 D.
29. Do. 24/1 + 13/5 = 5.D.
Pd. Rauch the baker’s bill 10.D.
31. Recd. from the bank by Francis 75.D.
James £4–9–6 + 6d = 12.D.
Recd. from Lieper his note for 200 D. in part paimt. for tobo.
Sep. 1. Discounted do. at bank, payg. 1.62 D.
Pd. for tooth brushes 8/4—recd. from Presidt. 7/6.
Pd. for spectacles 52/6—pd. Bringhurst in full 8/6.
Drew on bank in favor Henry Remsen for 186⅔ D. to pay Franks for a bill of excha. on Lond. for 40£ sterl. to be remittd. to Mr. Short & by him to Fenwick to pay for Bordeaux wine.2
Inclosed to Mr. Short a bill of excha. of Mr. Vaughan3 on Le Couteulx, the property of Genl. Knox to get him 250. bottles of wine of 1785. & a cask of equal quantity of 1790. from Mde. de Rauzan.
Gave Mr. Remsen ord. on the Treasury for 875. Doll. at the end of the quarter, and to lodge it in the bank.
 
Gave Herbst & Lex order on Mr. Remsen for 115.8 D. payable Oct. 7.
Sep. 2. Paid for making ruffles 8.D.
Pd. James  market money 5.D. clothes 5.73 D.
wages for Aug. & Sep. 12 D.
Recd. from the bank 157 D.
Pd. Hiltzheimer for pasturing horses 4.D.
Pd. Ingles his acct. £5–17–3 = 15.63.
Pd. Francis his wages for Aug. 7.D. & board Sep. 8.D.
Gave Mr. Remsen to give to Ducombe when he discharges him 6.D.
Pd. Ducombe  his wages for Aug. 6.D.
his disbursemts. 12/10½.
Pd. Jacob his wages for Aug. 6.D. & gave him 6.D. on his discharge.
Pd. Bertault4 the Upholsterer in full 32 D.
Recd. from J. Madison balce. of what I sent him June 21. July 6. 18.4 D.
Paid him in part towards my expences of journey to Virga. 8.4 D.
Paid Leslie for an Odometer5 10.D.

Diary of journey to Monticello.6
Set out from Philadelphia.
360ths.  Miles   time 
 of a mile 
Chestertown. 15 lodged. pd. J. M. towds. expences 10. D.
 3. Wilmington. 13 breakfd. pd. mendg. Odometer .5
 
Newport 1552 4
rather hilly, loam or clay
Christeen 2060 .  6 dined.
loam. level.
Aitkens’s 2769 . 7 ¾
do.
 4. Head of Elk 1755 4 ¾ lodged. brkfd. dined. pd. J. M. 5.D.
hilly. clay.
North East 2593 7 ¼
hilly. gravel or clay
Charlestown 1100 . 3 .
gravel or clay. hilly. then level.
Susquehanna. Barney’s.7 2350 . 6 ½ lodged.
level & clay. then hilly & gravel
 5. Bushtown 4232  11 ¾  breakfd.
gravel. very hilly.
Webster’s8 4765 . 13 ¼ dined & lodged
very hilly. clay or gravel.
 6. Baltimore 4622 * 12 ¾ brkfd. *qu. this measure. pd. pamphlet .2
excessive hilly. mostly gravel. some clay.
Elkridge ferry 2808 7 ¾ dined.
gravel. rather hilly.
Spuryear’s9 2090 . 5 ¾ lodged
hilly. sand.
Willet’s 4500 . 12 ½
hilly. sand.
Sep.  7. Bladensburgh. 2970 . 8 ¼ brkfd.
hilly. clay. somet. gravel.
Georgetown. 2485 7 dined. lodged.
 8. pd. powder & pomatum 4/4. staid here.
 9. gave servt. .25
Several smart hills. clay. gravel.
Federal line. near 8 mile 1980 . 5 ½
stone
waving.
Falls church 540 1 ½
12 miles hilly, stumpy. stony
5½ miles level. gravelly
 
Newgate 6285 . 17 ½ breakfd.
someti. frog eaten. someti. red hills
Redhouse 5040 14 dined & lodged.
some moderte. hills. reddish land.
Thornton’s. 1650 4 ½ to have come from Newgate by Love’s mill would have been 2½ mi. less.
some moderate hills. reddish land
10. Barnet’s10 1632 4 ½ breakfd.
red hills
McDaniel’s in German T.11 2186 6
level. someti. frog eaten. smti. red
Wykoff’s in the Devil’s [race]paths 2952 8 ¼
frog eaten. stony.
Norman’s ford12 1200 3 ¼
frogeaten. clayey.
Strode’s13 1605 4 ½ dined. lodged. brkfd.
do.
11. Stevensburg 1892 5 ¼
do. H   ′
Porter’s mill. 2454 6 ¾ 1– 30
hilly
Porter’s house 656 1 ¾ 0– 25
level. sandy low grounds
Adams’s mill14 1824 5 0– 50
very hilly. stony.
Orange C. H. 2790 7 ¾ pd. for horses 9d.
mostly level. red.
Mr. Madison’s. 1842 5 dined. lodged. brkfd.
tolerably level.
£  s  d Virga.
Total exp. of J.M. & T.J. 15– 12 –5
 T.J.’s ⅝ 9– 15 –4
 by paid the 2d. & 4th. 7– 0 –4
now pd. J.M. the balce. 2– 15 –0
12. Blue run 897 . 2 ½ 0– 34 gave servt. at Mr. Madison’s 1/6
Wilson’s 702 2 0– 31
hilly Blue run Meeting house 625 1 ¾ 0– 22
Burlington 707 2 0– 26
Albemarle line 1010 2 ¾ 0– 42
 
John Jones’s 168 ½ 0–  6
Madison Breedlove’s 1120 3 0– 41
Edwards’s at Turkey sag road15 305 ¾ 0– 15
McCaulay’s 513 1 ½ 0– 23
very mountainous { J. Key’s 1262 3 ½ 1–  0
Martin Key’s 248 ¾ 45
gate leading to ferry 25 here Odometer failed.
ferry 12
Arrived at Monticello.
These measures were on the belief that the wheel of the Phaeton made exactly 360. revolns. in a mile, but on measuring it accurately at the end of the journey it’s circumference was 14 f. 10½ I. and consequently made 354.95 revolns. in a mile. These numbers should be greater then in the proportion of 71:72 or a mile added to every 71.16
Gave Mr. Madison’s servt. .5.
Note Bradley at Stevensbg. informs me there is a road from Elkrun church by Champ’s old race ground, Slaty run church, & Summers’s tavern to Georgetown entirely level except the last 5. miles & 10 miles nearer than by Newgate.
From Elk run church to Slate run church 12.
Sep. 12. Pd. ferrge. at Mr. Lewis’s 2/3.
14. Pd. Jupiter for fowls 4.D.
16. Patsy for hhd. exp. 25/.
19. Jupiter do. 11/—Patsey do. 10/.
21. Pd. butcher 4.D.—Tom ferrge. to Wilson’s17 1/3.
23. Jupiter to have terrine &c. mended 5/.
25. Patsy hhd. exp. 1.75 D.
27. Gave in Charity 5.D.
29. Pd. tinker 6/8—30. Pd. J. Jouett for J. Key for 6. barr. corn 12.D.
Oct. 2. Patsy hhds. exp. 4.D.—3. Do. 1.D.
4. Recd. by Mr. Randolph from Mr. Brown of Richmd. 50. Doll.
 
5. Pd. Turner for box of Odometer 2.D.
7. Gave in charity 2/6.
9. Pd. Anthony in full for inoculatg. &c. 24/.
11. Lost in changing half joe 1.D.
Gave in Charity 5.D.
Cash in hand 63.7 D.
12. Left Monticello.18
13. Vales at Mr. Madison’s .45.
14. Do. Strode’s 9d.
15. Dumfries. pd. for ribbon .33.
16. Mount Vernon. vales 2.D.

17.
Georgetown  ferrge. 1.066—ferrymen .18—barber .25.
barber .2—Wiley in charity 4.66 D.
J. Madison for expences 15.33.
borrowed of do. .25—vales .25.
18.
19.
Baltimore. J. Madison for exp.  7.62.
Susquehanna.  ferrymen .25
J. Madison  exp.  4.76
Chester. do. do.  4.7
vales .25.
20. 
21.
22.
Arrived in Philadelphia.
Cash on hand 25.88.
24. James Market money 4.63.
Mr. Remsen during my absence has recieved a quarter’s salary for me     Doll. 875.
He has paid for me as follows.
to  J. W. Eppes 50. D.
Francis Seche. wages Sep.       6.
Herbst & Lex 115. 80
Barton for Dr. Currie 40.
G. Clymer 5. tons hay 80 
Loxley. hay 10. 375
Francis straw 7. 36
 8¾ cords of ash 36. 08
15½ cords of oak 58. 27
the bank 477. 67 881.555
Balance due to Mr. Remsen 6.555
24.
 
 

25.
D.
Received from bank.  Cash by Fr. Seche 50.
post note to James Brown of Richmd.  50.
post note to Revd. Matt. Maury 75. 5
175. 5
Oct. Pd. Mr. Remsen 6.5 D.
Pd. Francis for small exp.
26. Pd. Francis for 13½ bush. oats 4.5 D.
Do. for Stine for oats 6.8.
Pd. Billington’s bill 11.26.
27. Pd. Francis for a wheelbarrow 27/2.
28. Pd. subscription to dancing assembly19 8.D. concert 8.D.
Recd. from the bank by Francis 50.D.
Pd. Hamelius balce. for wax candles 18/4.
Gave J. W. Eppes order on the bank for 30.D.
29. James market money 11/11 + 3/1 = 2.D.
31. Do. do. 13/11 + 1/1 = 2.D.
Pd. duty &c. on a clock20 2.38.
Nov. 1. Gave Mrs. Pine21 ord. on bank for 33.33.
2. Pd. Palmer for a pr. of shoes 1.D.
James  marketmoney 23/4 + 6/8 = 4.D.
his allowance for Octob. 6.D.
Francis wages for Oct. 7.D.
3. Do. balance of do. for Sep. 1.D.
Do. board for Oct. 6.D.
Robertson shoeing horses 4.D.
Pd. Michael wages in full 11/8.
 
5. James market money 18/9 + 3/9 = 3.D.
7. Recd. of bank by Seche 50.D.
Pd. Roberts leather breeches for Fras. 4.66.
8. Gave order on bank in favr. Ker,22 coachmakr. 93.04.
Maria .25.
10. James market money 38/10 + 6/2 = 6.D.
Pd. for glass cover for clock 20/.
Charcoal in part 5.D.
12. Gave J. W. Eppes ord. on bank for 25 D.
Pd. Billy a quarter’s washing 13.33 D.
Recd. from F. Eppes a bill on Walker & co. for 200.D. for the use of J. W. Eppes, & sent to bank to collect.
13. Maria .25 D.
14. Gave Narlbro & Frazer23 ord. on bank 20.4 D. for 102 ℔ Bourb. coffee.
Charity 1.D. James markt. money 59/7½ + 37/10½ = 13.D.
John Mole comes into my service @ 7 D. a month.
15. Recd. of bank by Seche 30.D.
Pd. Sickles for keepg. horse 9.D.
16. Pd. Mrs. Smart24 milliner for Maria 5/.
17. James Market money 18/9 + 3/9 = 3.D.
19. Do. 19/2 + 3/4 = 3.D. Francis small exp. 1.D.
20. Maria 2/4.
21. Gave J. W. Eppes ord. on bank for 24.D.
James market money 17/6 + 5/ = 3.D.
22. Pd. Voigt mendg. watch 3.D.
Nov. 23. Pd. Petit on acct. 5.D.
Recd. from bank by Francis 50.D.
Pd. Mr. Ogden 9.33 D. pontage 4½d.
Recd. from Mr. Lear Mordecai Lewis’s bill of excha. on the Willinks for 800. ƒ. court. payable to the Van Staphorsts & Hubard, on account for wines I have procured and am to procure for the Presidt. of the U. S.
24. Inclosed the bill to the V. Staph. & Hubard to be placed to my credit.
Pd. Francis for straw 2.D.
Pd. for visiting cards .125.
 
25. James 5.D.
Petit 20.D. on acct.
26. Mr. Remsen Fenno’s acct. 9.D.
Francis pontage .1.
27. Maria .25—Credit Mr. Eppes for a Jenny25 66.66.
28. Rouch the baker 1.1.
29. James 54/8 + 5/4 = 8.D.
Recd. from the bank by Seche 50.D.
Pd. Petit on acct. 20.D.
Pd. for 2. teapots .93.
Dec. 1. James 4.D.
Pd. Jacob 20. days service 4.64.
2. Pd. Stein for 40. bush. oats 15.D.
Recd. Lieper’s note in part paimt. of tobo. for 1000.D. Discounted it in the bank, at 8.D. discount so credit him but 992.D.
3. Gave Sheaff order on bank for 68.65 D. for wine @ 16/6.
Recd. from bank by Francis 100.D.
Pd. for servts. clothes for Monticello 33.1 D.
Pd. servants wages.  Francis 7.D. his wife 3.D.
John 4.D. Gustavus 7.D.
James 7.D. Cuffy 3.D.
Pd. for 11. yds. crimson bays 6.11.
Gave in charity 1.11.
James 48/4 + 4/2 = 7.D.
Petit on acct. 15.D.
Recd. from bank note payable to myself for 650.D.
4. Inclosed the sd. bank note to Dobson26 with my bond to Jones, which he had sent me. I indorsed this payment as of Dec. 11.
Gave Maria .25.
6. Pd. Francis 30. bushels of oats 10.66.
Recd. from the bank by Francis 50.D.
8. James £4–6–6 + 3/6 = 12.D.
 
10. Pd. Brining27 smith’s work £3–6–9.
Gave Maria .25 also to pay for gloves 3/.
Dec. 13. James £4–0–10½ + 1/7½ = 11.D.
Pd. Petit on acct. 10.D.
Gave J. W. Eppes ord. on bank for 12.D.
Pd. Leslie for a clock cover 1.D.
16. James 38/3 + 6/9 = 6.D.
Recd. from the bank by Francis 50.D.
Pd. Poyntell28 for box of paints & pencils for Maria 6.D.
Pd. freight of candles from Norfolk 1.D.
17. Gave Petit to pay for 21. china plates 5.D.
Gave Maria .25.
19. James 54/8 + 5/4 = 8.D.
Gave Carstairs ord. on bank for 111.64 D. in full for book presses & other work.29
Pd. for a key for Maria .5.
20. Pd. for seeing a lion 21 months old 11½d.
Gave Petit to pay for silk 3.D.
22. James £6–1 + 6/6 = 17.D.
Maria for shoes 1.D.
23. Recd. from Lieper an ord. on the bank for 200.D. which lodged in the bank.
Gave Isaac Miller (of Charlottesville) an order on the bank
 for 99.11 D. to pay  to himself £12– 2–5
to Schenk & Lot30       17–12–3
Virginia currcy. 29–14–8
24. Pd. for a basket 5/.
26. Gave Maria .25.
Gave Mrs. Pine ord. on bank for 73.66 doll. to pay   £
 Mrs. Smart’s bill, things bought for Maria 11–14–9
 John Guest’s31 do. 6– 0–5
 her own do. for things bot. viz. linen &c. 9–17–4
27–12–6
 
James market money £3–8 + 7/ = 10.D.
27. Recd. from bank by Seche 40.D.
Pd. Petit on acct. 10.D.
Pd. Francis for straw 4.D. for twine .25 C.
29. Gave Maria to pay for muff 4.D. shawl 2.D.
James market money 42/7½ + 2/4½ = 6.D.
Pd. bell hanger 4.5 D.
31. James market money 32/9½ + 4/8½ = 5.D.
1791  Philadelphia32
Jan.  1. 18 c 22
 2  9. f f
 3 15. f f
 4 33 c c
 5 c c
 6 37 f f
 7 43 c 53 c
 8 39 c c
 9 31 r.h 32 r
10 35 c c
11 30 c 31 f
12 22 f 34 f
13 35 c 50 f
14 38 48 98 f 50 42 85 f
15 41 49  + c 44 52  + r + This mark denotes that
the humidity was beyond
the highest limit of
Saussure’s hygrometer.
16 39 70  + c 45 60 91 c
17 53 69  + sar f
18 32 54 88 f 40 43 70 f
19 25 46 76 f 30 42 70 c
20 26 45 75 f 36 42 68 c
21 31 50 86 f 48 40 67 f
22 32 42 71 f 30 35 60 f
23 19 40 70 c 36 37 65 f
24 25 52 95 f f
25 38 65  + c car
26 41 77  + car 53 50 75 f
27 35 60 92 f 43 48 76 c
28 32 49 79 c 32 45 71 c
29 20 47 77 f 35 42 66 f
30 36 46 75 c s
31. 22 43 70 f 31 39 64 f
Feb.
 1. 22 42 70 c 31 39 63 c
 2. 30 47 80 f 35 39 64 c
 3. 17 47 82 f f
 
 4. 33 69  + cas 41 65 94 c
 5. 36 75  + r 38 75  + r
 6. 37 76  + c 49 63 90 f
 7. 41 74  + c 52 73  + r
 8. 55 90  + c 50 65 94 r
 9. 28 68  + rs 29 68 96 s
10. 26 69 96 s 35 52 75 f
11. 23 52 75 c 33 45 67 f
12. 28 66 97 f 45 44 68 f
13. 31 65 97 f 41 72  + r
14. 37 91  + c 56 40 61 f
15. 25 41 65 f 37 37 57 f
16. 43 87  + r 37 43 64 f
17. 10 43 64 f f
18. 15 43 67 f 34 37 55 f
19. 27 72 97 s 35 76  + r
20. 29 72 95 c c
21. 19 61 85 f 28 58 82 c
22. 15 62 88 fas f
23. 29 71 98 c 45 48 72 f
24. 27 47 71 f 36 42 64 f
25. 29 49 75 c 39 44 69 c
26. 41 64 92 c 48 40 65 f
27. 29 57 89 f 53 43 72 f red breasts
black birds
28. 59 73 97 r 54 79  + r
Mar. Thermom. Luc Saussure Thermom. Luc Saussure
 1. 31 49 70 f 38 43 64 f
 2. 27 53 82 f 43 44 74 f
 3. 39 57 88 c 52 42 68 c
 4. 36 49 80 f 52 43 69 f
 5. 37 63 95 c 53 58 87 c
 6. 43 68  + f 60 82  + car
 7. 55 87  + car 65 65 86 car frogs
 8. 41 50 75 farl 50 42 65 f
 9. 32 47 72 f 48 42 65 c
10. 48 74  + car 64 71 94 car
11. 53 77  + r 48 72 95 car
12. 46 75  + r 51 72 94 c
13. 34 54 76 f 47 41 62 f
14. 39 71 98 ras 51 66 90 f
15. 48 81  + car 57 78 99 car
16. 50 84  + c 59 71 92 f
17. 46 76 99 c 80 49 78 f blue birds
18. 56 58 93 f 81 45 72 f weepg. willow in leaf.
19. 58 62 94 r 41 65 95 rs
20. 36 59 82 f 44 44 64 cas
21. 37 52 80 f f
22. 46 52 82 c 56 40 65 f
23. 34 55 90 f 52 45 71 c
 
24. 49 70 98 car 68 54 79 f
25. 55 86  + carl 61 50 75 car lilac, gooseberry.
26. 43 52 80 f 66 35 55 c golden willow leafing.
27. 41 51 81 f f
28. 41 52 89 c 51 53 86 c
29. 44 74 98 c 48 75  + r
30. 44 69 91 c 58 50 72 f
31. 43 54 84 f 62 33 51 f
Apr.
 1. 44 37 62 f 65 33 55 f
 2. 48 49 88 r 61 44 69 f
 3. 36 44 71 f 53 38 60 f annular eclipse of sun
 begun at sunrise.
 4. 36 48 78 f 58 35 57 f
 5. 40 48 81 f 56 31 51 f apricot bloss.
 6. 36 40 72 f 55 32 56 c cherry leaf
 7. 38 40 71 f 60 30 52 f
 8. 42 52 83 car 57 42 68 f
 9. 38 55 90 f 59 44 70 f peach bloss.
10. 44 59 93 c f apple leaf
11. 42 69 97 f 70 34 56 f cherry bloss.
12. 50 52 89 c 75 40 70 far
13. 62 70  + r 66 65 95 r
14. 44 67 93 car 53 57 80 c
15. 45 73  + r 61 40 64 c
16. 45 50 81 f 64 40 65 c
17. 50 47 78 c 68 35 57 f
18. 50 38 68 f 70 32 56 f
19. 48 35 f 67 30 52 f
20. 45 51 f 67 36 c
21. 45 67 c 64 41 c martins.
22. 55 55 c 68 45 c
23. 60 61 c 71 49 82 r
24. 64 66 96 c 72 58 88 r
25. 60 53 77 f 68 32 44 f
26. 52 56 92 f 79 31 58 f
27. 58 37 69 f 70 33 55 f
28. 44 41 77 f 64 30 55 f
29. 52 42 75 c 65 43 79 c
30. 53 53 72 c 67 42 71 f lilac blossm.
Hygr. Hygr.
May Therm. Luc Sauss.
 1. 56 72 f 80 32 44 f
 2. 52 44 81 f 70 37 62 f
 3. 54 50 86 c 70 40 70 f
dogwood } blossom
 4. 53 58 95 c 70 45 70 f gelder rose
 5. 57 61 99 f 70 38 55 f redbud
 6. 51 44 79 f f azalea
 7. 48 41 75 f 68 33 60 f
 8. 47 46 84 f 67 35 64 r
 
 9. 48 54 95 f 75 30 49 f
10. 50 43 82 f 79 28 55 f
11. 59 61 98 c 82 38 58 f
12. 62 51 91 f 80 35 60 f
13. 65 56 97 r 80 45 74 f
14. 51 67 97 r 62 58 85 c
15. 54 52 81 c 70 37 53 f
July
 1.
 2.
 3.
 4.
 5. 74 40 67 f
 6. 65 48 89 c 82 40 66 f
 7. 69 50 90 f 87 39 66 f
 8. 71 52 95 f 89 40 65 f
 9. 72 41 75 f 87 36 65 f
10. 72 50 93 f 93 36 60 f
11. 74 55 98 f 94 36 64 f
12. 75 59 * f 87 48 74 r
13 76 58 96 f 83 46 82 c
14 76 59 98 f 91 41 74 f
15 75 55 96 f c
16 77 53 93 c 71 63 * r
17 67 67 93 f 78 40 56 f
18 61 51 86 f 79 35 51 f
19 63 50 88 f 79 36 61 f
20 66 52 89 f 81 35 53 f
21 65 50 90 f 88 35 59 f
22 72 55 95 c 89 43 70 f
23 73 55 90 f 85 37 61 f
24 71 49 87 f 91 34 55 f
25 70 46 86 f 82 33 58 f
26 66 47 88 c 85 38 66 f
27 70 55 95 c 84 36 57 f
28 68 50 90 f 87 35 57 f
29 69 51 94 f 34 57 f
30 69 53 95 c 82 45 80 c
31 73 59 98 c 89 40 60 far
Aug.
 1. 69 48 84 f 86 37 65 f
 2. 65 47 86 far 83 33 48 f
 3 65 53 92 f 84 34 52 f
 4 64 51 93 f 82 36 60 f
 5 70 62 96 r 82 51 78 f
 6 69 63 96 c 79 50 75 f
 7 70 57 90 c 86 43 61 f
 8 70 65 98 c 83 46 75 c
 9 74 70 r 82 53 79 c
10 73 71 car 86 46 67 f
 
11 75 68 98 c 79 61 93 r
12 73 71  + c 80 50 83 c
13 67 58 93 c 81 41 63 f
14 66 57 94 f 78 46 75 c
15 66 60 96 c 82 36 55 f
16 69 63 98 f 82 46 75 car
17 67 59 92 far 81 39 62 f
18 66 53 90 c 77 45 76 c
19 65 62  + r 69 60 97 r
20 60 62 98 f 75 41 58 f
21 59 57 95 f 76 40 62 c
22 57 58 97 f 77 42 68 f
23 65 55 93 c
24 69 65  + c 83 48 75 c
25 73 70 c 87 48 71 f
26 72 62 98 c 87 44 71 f
27 70 67  + f 85 41 72 f
28 89 f
29 93 f
30 91 f
31. r
Nov.
14 47 54 87 c 64 56 90 c
15 52 63 92 far 49 50 72 car
16 31 54 82 f 42 46 70 f
17 34 50 76 c 42 45 66 f
18 29 50 78 f 43 42 63 f
19 31 56 90 c 45 48 70 f
20 27 51 79 f 41 45 66 f
21 36 63 96 r 56 64 95 r
22 43 74  + r 49 50 72 f
23 33 65 96 f 52 48 72 f
24 39 62 95 c 56 62 92 c
25 51 63 86 car
26 31 49 72 c 36 45 65 f
27 27 55 82 f 46 43 65 f
28 34 61 92 f 44 69  + r
29 36 64 85 f 45 51 75 f
30 31 62 90 f 47 56 80 f
Dec.  1. 48 73 97 c 61 76  + r
 2 42 57 78 c 41 47 66 f
 3 28 53 78 f 37 45 65 f
 4 27 60 90 f 39 50 73 c
 5 31 61 90 f 35 68 98 s
 6 31 64 76 c 32 53 72 c
 7 24 53 76 f 26 50 70 c
 8 20 52 73 f 30 45 61 f
 9 23 50 73 f 33 47 66 f
10 25 56 85 f 39 45 66 f
11 29 61 92 f 43 56 84 c
 
12 36 66 97 r s
13 29 69 78 c 32 53 68 c
14 30 52 68 f 35 47 65 f
15 27 57 82 f 37 51 74 f
16 29 67 97 f 48 49 70 f
17 33 52 80 f 47 45 70 f
18 36 71  + r 42 75  + c
19 40 79  + car 40 70 93 car
20 30 60 80 c 32 54 72 f
21 25 61 85 f 42 50 70 f
22 28 53 73 f 31 47 66 f
23 20 55 82 f 30 49 70 f
24 21 59 89 f 30 45 63 f
25 21 55 84 f 38 40 58 f
26 27 58 92 f 46 44 67 f
27 30 57 90 f 45 49 73 c
28 34 57 89 f 49 46 71 c
29 32 49 78 f 42 43 67 f
30 27 56 90 f 41 50 80 c
31 36 60 95 c 50 49 76 f

1792 Hygr. Hygr.
Jan. Therm. Luc. Sauss.
 1. 35 65  + r 41 76  + r
 2. 35 80  + r 40 76  + c
 3. 39 82  + car 46 84  + c
 4. 36 58 78 f 44 48 68 f
 5. 31 58 98 c 39 54 79 c
 6. 31 55 71 f 32 45 62 f
 7. 20 50 72 c 24 61 92 s
 8. 23 63 86 c 28 62 90 c
 9. 23 59 80 f 28 50 68 f
10. 9 52 74 f 24 48 67 f
11. 12 50 71 f 28 45 64 f
12. 15 50 74 c 21 50 75 c
13. 21 75  + cas 28 57 68 cas
14. 19 55 74 f 23 51 71 c
15. 15 58 86 f 29 51 73 f
16. 19 55 80 f 26 51 73 f
17. 15 55 83 f 30 50 74 f
18. 14 58 90 c 24 66  + s
19. 21 66 83 c 28 49 67 f
20. 10 58 86 f 28 51 71 f
21. 21 52 75 f 28 47 68 c
22. 16 64 96 s 19 55 84 s
23. –3 55 80 f 15 47 65 f
24.  6 57 85 c 21 48 67 f
25.  8 53 80 f 26 49 73 f
26.  3 55 82 f 25 51 76 f
 
27.  1 55 88 f 28 48 72 f
28. 11 53 81 c 22 50 75 f
29.  5 54 83 f 28 50 77 f
30. 30 62 94 c
31. 37 89  + r 37 90  + r
Feb.
 1. 31 50 68 f 33 50 70 f
 2. 25 50 72 f 32 46 65 f
 3. 20 53 80 f 35 49 72 f
 4. 30 64 73 c 40 60 87 c
 5. 35 79  + far 47 58 80 f
 6. 31 69 93 f 45 46 67 f
 7. 28 58 88 c 29 55 82 s
 8. 25 76 98 s 34 68 90 c
 9. 30 76 98 f 38 46 65 f
10. 30 53 80 c 38 49 72 c
11. 29 51 75 c 32 48 72 c
12. 26 54 84 s 30 63 96 c
13. 24 59 80 c 29 55 79 c
14. 23 69 98 s 30 67 98 s
15. 25 67 93 c 32 63 89 c
16. 29 69 98 s 38 62 90 c
17. 33 64 90 f 39 47 69 f
18. 22 51 78 f 36 47 71 c
19. 20 51 75 f 28 48 72 f
20. 16 51 78 f 27 46 67 c
21. 15 50 76 f 30 46 69 f
22. 22 40 73 f 36 46 70 f
23. 25 50 78 f 36 46 69 c
24. 19 52 82 f 36 48 75 f
25. 29 61 94 c 41 44 65 c
26. 32 54 86 c 36 63  + r
27. 35 83  + r 36 55 76 c
28. 21 53 74 f 40 42 64 f
29. 23 55 83 f 41 44 65 f
Mar.
 1. 25 59 92 f 49 44 66 f
 2. 40 54 85 c 45 62 98 c
 3. 34 77 99 c 50 50 76 c
 4. 36 69 98 far 47 53 78 c
 5. 37 79  + rlt 43 74 93 c
 6. 35 62 84 f 53 45 66 f
 7. 33 61 92 f 52 46 70 f
 8 35 65 98 c 36 72  + rs
 9 35 76 98 f 50 58 85 f
10 36 75 98 r 38 81  + r
11 36 67 93 f 48 47 67 f
12 34 50 75 f 40 47 69 c
13 32 55 84 f 45 43 64 f
14 31 57 85 f 46 42 62 f
 
15 33 54 83 c 43 48 74 c
16 33 80  + cas 41 69 91 cas
17 33 74 97 f 52 48 72 f
18 35 68 97 c 44 66 96 r
19 43 84  + r 56 73 98 c
20 40 63 80 car 54 43 61 f
21 39 64 94 f 50 40 58 f
22 31 55 86 f 50 39 59 f
23 39 53 84 c 56 61 91 car
24 50 73  + r 55 76  + car
25 45 63 88 c 61 51 75 f
26 41 64 93 c c
27 43 74 99 car 57 65 90 f
28 54 86  + c 70 59 86 c
29 55 91  + carlt 62 48 71 c
30 45 51 81 f 62 43 65 f frogs
31 44 55 89 c 60 43 62 f
Apr.
 1. 41 44 70 f 64 36 56 f
 2. 42 57 92 f 69 36 55 f
 3. 46 55 90 f 71 40 62 f
 4. 50 57 95 f 68 45 75 c
 5. 60 63 96 r 72 52 77 f
 6. 56 69 99 c 71 56 83 f
 7. 57 78  + r 63 44 62 f
 8. 45 53 84 f c
 9. 49 66 96 c 61 74  + c
10. 58. 88  + car 62 49 70 c
11. 51 54 87 r 51 69 96 c
12. 49 73  + r 55 56 75 c
13. 44 61 96 c 52 58 83 c
14. 44 67 96 c 57 38 55 f
15. 35 43 68 f 51 39 59 f
16. 45 49 77 c 57 43 63 f
17. 47 61 93 c 67 51 81 r
18. 56 80  + r 50 70 94 c
19. 42 60 82 c 52 47 66 c
20. 47 67 97 r 47 63 90 c
21 42 67 97 r 48 53 73 c
22 41 65 92 c 52 54 77 c
23 39 66 97 f 65 36 43 f
24 49 50 80 c 66 39 58 f
25 51 51 84 c 59 57 92 r
26 50 77  + c 52 68 93 c
27 45 71 98 f 67 41 47 f
28 51 68 98 c 63 58 76 f
29 51 65 98 c 61 57 86 car
30 54 61 93 f 73 51 63 far
1792
May 60 82  + r 73 41 55 f
 2. 54 50 79 c 64 47 76 c
 
 3 57 78  + car 55 67 93 car
 4 50 74  + car 70 48 66 f.
 5 51 68 93 car 65 44 66 c
 6 54 60 92 c 70 41 54 f
 7 52 58 92 c 66 45 70 car
 8 54 58 94 r 63 53 72 c
 9 49 51 77 f f
10 53 55 90 f 79 35 51 f
11 58 51 88 f f
12 64 60 90 c 80 48 71 f
13 63 71  + far 76 56 80 far
14 63 53 85 far 74 36 50 f
15 58 58 94 f 75 44 70 c.
16 62 63 97 car 76 64 89 car
17 55 64 95 c 60 60 88 car
18 50 59 86 f 63 41 50 f
19 44 55 85 f 67 41 56 f
20 50 60 93 c 69 50 78 c
21 53 63 91 f 71 40 49 f
22 54 53 84 c 75 37 46 f
23 53 58 92 f 79 34 42 f
24 56 57 86 f 80 37 53 f
25 60 58 94 f 84 41 59 f
26 65 54 92 f 82 44 74 c
27 69 76  + car 78 46 61 f
28 57 54 86 f 75 39 52 f
29 58 59 93 f 80 36 50 f
30 62 56 90 f 86 43 63 f
31 69 58 95 f 91 40 61 f
June
 1 73 55 93 c 84 45 68 f
 2 64 58 96 car 73 62 95 car
 3 70 71 97 car 79 51 77 c
 4 67 66 97 c 68 66 97 car
 5 63 75  + car 86 54 75 f
 6 69 61 96 f 75 56 86 car
 7 62 73 98 car 69 60 86 car
 8 53 65 92 car 59 62 92. car
 9 55 58 82 f 70 47 68 f
10 55 50 73 c 58 57 91 r
11 51 82  + r 58 77  + r
12 55 66 90 c 68 47 60 f
13 55 67 95 c 72 48 61 f
14 53 69 99 c 76 46 55 f
15 58 62 95 f 78 47 63 f
16 62 59 92 f 81 41 55 f
17 65 70  + c 85 42 55 f
18 66 66 99 f 88 40 56 f
19 67 59 94 f 88 42 60 f
20 69 62 97 f 86 48 74 f
21 73 65 97 c 86 47 75 c
 
22 69 83  + car 87 48 64 f
23 73 68 98 c 72 65 93 car
24 66 66 95 c c
25 64 66 98 r 75 59 85 c
26 65 69 93 f 81 40 52 f
27 64 60 92 f 86 40 53 f
28 69 61 90 f 88 40 55 f
29 74 62 98 c 91 44 63 f
30 69 56 91 far 87 39 54 f
July
 1 74 57 95 f 92 f
 2 74 63 98 far 91 42 60 f
 3 67 45 77 r 75 46 66 c
 4 67 63 98 r r
 5 58 61 87 f 75 45 60 f
 6 61 53 85 f 77 42 58 f
 7 64 57 92 c 77 43 67 c
 8 62 56 92 c 79 50 78 c
 9 72 66 97 c 87 48 67 f
10 71 62 96 f 89 41 56 f
11 72 52 88 f 86 43 64 f
12 77 56 94 c 86 45 68 f
13
14
15
Monticello
23 63 r 64 c
24. 63 r 70 f
25. 65 far 70 f
26. 65 f 74 f
27. 66 c 75 c
28. 66 r 63 r
29. 62 r 65 r
30. 63 f 70 f
31. 70 f 76 f
Aug.
 1. 67 r.l.t. 78 f
 2. 67 c 76 c
 3. 67 r c
 4. 61 c 71 c
 5. 65 c 74 c
 6. 67 c 76 f
 7. 70 c 78 f
 8. 72 c 78 f
 9. 76 f 83 f
10. 77 f 82 f
11. 78 f 85 f
12. 81 f 87½ f
13. 77 f 83 f
 
14. 75 car 81 car
15. 70 f 73 f
16. 66 f 73 f
17. 67 f 78 f
18. 72 f 81 f
19. 77 f 84 f
20. 77 c 82 c
21. 69 car 65 r
22. 64½ r 66 car
23. 65 c 69 r
24. 67 car car
25. 68 far f
26. 61 f 70 f
27. 63 f 73 f
28. 67 r 76 f
29. 69 f 77 f
30. 72 f f
31. 64 f f
Sep.
 1. 62 f 73 c
 2. 66 r 71 c
 3. 61. f 72 c
 4. 57 far 68 f
 5. 58 f 68 f
 6. 59 f 70 f
 7. 63 c f
 8. 66 f 77 f
 9. 69 f 74 r
10. 54 f 63 f
11. 54 c 64 c
12. 58 f 68 f
13. 61 f 72 f
14. 62 f f
15. 66 c 73 c
16. 62 r 64 r
17. 62 c 69 c
18. 57 f 66 f
19. 57 f r
20. 47 f 57 f
21. 47 frost to kill
cucumbers at
Charlottesville
and tobo.
in flats.
f 57 f
22 51 f 62 f
23 57 f 66 f
24 57 c
Oct. Philadelphia
 7. 42 52 93 f 65 42 73 f
 8. 45 55 98 f 63 45 78 f
 9. 51 56 98 f 65 44 74 f
10. 46 56 98 f 72 39 63 f
 
11 50 55 95 f 75 42 70 f
12 60 58 99 c 68 61  + r
13 53 67 87 r 70 39 56 f
14 53 60 93 f 74 41 62 f
15 63 68 98 r 68 60 84 c.
16 50 53 80 f f
17 45 56 86 f 62 46 70 f
18 50 68 99 f 50 58 96 r
19 40 58 76 far 58 44 63 f
20 41 68  + c 63 53 80 c
21 57 84  + car 56 42 58 f
22 37 48 72 f 50 40 58 f
23 33 53 80 f