Schedule A: Assignment of the Widow’s Dower
|All the Lands in King William County||2880 acres1|
|N.B. the Marsh adjoing this Land is to furnish the other parts of the Estate with Hay (they being at the Expence and trouble of getting it) and this Land to receive necessary Timber from the Estate upon the same Conditions.2|
|Bridge Quarter Land ⟨is⟩ supposd to be about 700 acres|
|Ship Landing Quarter and to make up the above 700 acres3||1000|
|A Mill in York County4|
|Dwelling House, Gardens, and Appurtenances in Williamsburg5|
|One third of the Lotts in James Town6|
|Negroes pr Appraisment|
|Betty & Chd Austin||60||Sall||35||£ 280|
|Michael||60||Mulatto Jack Job[be]r||60||£ 275|
|In New Kent|
|Anthony £20 & wife Betty 25||£55||Phillis||50|
|Lucy||Dolls Childn||25||£ 922|
|Bacchus||£40||Child Je[my] ⟨illegible⟩|
|Crispin||40||Frank & C[hild Judith||50]|
|In K. William|
|Marlborough||45||Kitt a girl||35|
|Sign’d as before|
|At Claibornes K: William||161||35||78||195|
|Bridge Quarter (York)||68||12|
|To get from Rocahock||32|
|from the Eastn Shore||19|
N.B. The Estate to be chargd with £100 for 80 head of Neat Cattle delivd Short of one T⟨hir⟩d.11
D, ViLxW: Washington’s Account Book. To this important account GW devoted an entire preliminary page to the letter “(A),” presumably to identify this and succeeding documents as comprising Schedule A (see Editorial Note, 20 April 1759–5 Nov. 1761). A part of the manuscript page on which the dower slaves are listed is mutilated, and occasionally other words and numbers are illegible. When the name or assessed value of a slave is mutilated or illegible but can be deduced from the Combined County Inventory (doc. III-A–1), the one or the other, or both, has been inserted here in square brackets.
For a discussion of Martha Washington’s dower rights, see doc. II, especially notes 1–3. The names of all the slaves belonging to the Custis estate are listed in the various county inventories (doc. III-A–1). GW’s list of slaves, entitled “A List of Working Dower Negroes, where settled, & under whose care, 1760,” is Appendix F.
1. Called Claiborne’s, this plantation on the Pamunkey River came into Daniel Parke Custis’s possession in 1750 when he bought it from the estate of William Claiborne (d. 1746). John Roan was the overseer. Surveys of the plantation dated 14–18 April 1789 and 25–29 Mar. 1791 are in the Virginia State Library.
2. Nearly half of Claiborne’s was marshland, which furnished grazing for the large amount of livestock there.
3. Bridge Quarter (William Jackson, overseer) and Ship Landing Quarter (William Taylor, overseer), both on Queens Creek just north of Williamsburg, had a combined acreage of about one thousand acres. The estate steward, Joseph Valentine, lived on this tract.
4. The gristmill adjoined the Queens Creek plantations.
5. Custis House in Williamsburg was set in a four-acre tract on Francis Street, or the back street. It was here that John Custis lived before his death in 1749, tending his celebrated gardens and supervising his Queens Creek plantations.
7. See GW’s listing of house servants and tradesmen at Mount Vernon (Appendix C), which GW may have made before April 1759 and almost certainly made before the widow’s dower was assigned in October 1759.
8. Young B. is probably Brunswick, the child of Moll (see Papers, Colonial Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series. 10 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1983–95. description ends , 6:229).
9. This total represents one-third of the total value of all the slaves in the six counties. Slaves not assigned to Martha belonged to John Parke Custis. In the general account of the estate (doc. III-B), the appraised value of the slaves in each of the six counties where Daniel Parke Custis owned land is given.
10. Mrs. Washington was entitled to one-third of all livestock, the remainder going to her son. According to the draft copies of GW’s and John Parke Custis’s individual accounts (see doc. III-C–1, n.2), GW got, as his share of the Custis livestock, cattle valued at £421.13.10, hogs valued at £77.7.2, and sheep valued at £18.18.8. See also doc. III-C–2, n.2. Because in the delivery of cattle GW got eighty head of cattle fewer than he was entitled to, he made up his full third by debiting the account that he kept for John Parke Custis by £100 “To 80 head of Cattle omitted in your former Accot” (April 1763, ViLxW).