George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, April 1759

Cash Accounts

[April 1759]

Apl 9— To Ditto [cash] of Charles Craik1—Rent £ 6. 5. 0
15— To Ditto of my Brother Jno. Washington 0. 9. 6
20— To Ditto of Colo. Custis’s Estate 96. 0. 0
24— To Ditto of Ditto 7. 3. 0
To Ditto of Ditto 78.17. 6
25— To Ditto of Ditto 50. 0. 0
To Ditto for a Horse sold Mr P: Claiborne2 30. 0. 0
To Ditto of Colo. Custis’s Estate 14. 5. 9
To Ditto recd of John Campbell Esqr.3 10. 0. 0
26— To Ditto of Colo. Custis’s Estate 19. 0. 0
To Ditto of Ditto 10. 0. 0
April 7— By Sundry Expens. in my Journey from Williamsburg to Fairfax4 0.19. 1 1/2
8— By Cash pd Peter Greenway5 5. 0. 0
12— By Ditto pd John Patterson6 40. 0. 0
13— By Ditto pd John Alton7 1. 0. 0
By Ditto lodgd with Richard Stephenson8 12. 0. 0
14— By Ferriage at Occoquan 1/3. Tavern at Do 5/4½9 0. 6. 7 1/2
By Exps. at Dumfries 3/.  Makg a pr Boots 17/6 1. 0. 6
15— By my Mother’s Sue 6/7½  By Peacock 4/6 0.11. 1 1/2
17— By Ferry at Layton’s 3/6—Exps. at Colemans 4/4½ 0. 7.10 1/2
18— By the Ferrymen at Claibornes10 0. 1. 7 1/2
By Exps. at Doncastles 4/.  Chanes Raffg 40/11 2. 4. 0
By Colo. Geo: Lee £96—By Mr Wormely 78.17.612 174.17. 6
By a Chr bot of Mr P. Claiborne Mr Braxton’s13 50. 0. 0
24— By Anthy Hay 7£ 3/  By Saml Golt 12/614 7.15. 6
By Jas Oglesby for a Negro Will15 50. 0. 0
By my Bror Charles £10. Do for Mrs Thorn[to]n £19.3s.16 29. 3. 0
By Do pd Trebells Subscription 20/17 1. 0. 0
By pd Do for a Tickett 10/.  Fodder 17/6 1. 7. 6

AD, Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 55.

1Charles Craig (Craik) rented a quarter at Mount Vernon from 1756 until his death in February 1760.

2Philip Whitehead Claiborne was a planter in King William County. The next entry (£14.5.9) is the interest payment that he made on a loan of £200 sterling from Martha Custis. See document III-B, n.25, in Settlement of the Daniel Parke Custis Estate, 20 April 1759–5 Nov. 1761.

3GW lent £10 to John Campbell in March 1759 (Cash Accounts).

4GW left Williamsburg on 2 April or shortly thereafter and traveled with Mrs. Washington and, presumably, her children Martha Parke (Patsy) Custis (b. 1756) and John Parke (Jacky) Custis (b. 1754) to Mount Vernon, arriving there no later than 7 April. See GW to John Alton, 5 April 1759.

5GW should have written Peter Greenlaw instead of Peter Greenway. See Cash Accounts, September 1759, n.3.

6In his account with John Patterson for the work done on the mansion house at Mount Vernon in 1758, GW recorded on 12 April that he “pd you myself at Mount Vernon—[£]40” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 49).

7GW paid Alton the money on this date at Mount Vernon (ibid., 12).

8Richard Stephens was overseer of the Muddy Hole farm at Mount Vernon in 1759 and 1760. The £12 was given him “to pay Sundries” (ibid., 53).

9The ferry across Occoquan Creek was about ten miles south of Mount Vernon and about halfway to Dumfries on Quantico Creek. Dumfries in turn was about halfway to Fredericksburg near which GW’s mother lived at Ferry Farm.

10Layton’s ferry was on the Rappahannock River about twenty miles below Fredericksburg; Coleman’s tavern was at Caroline Court House, just off the main road and halfway between Fredericksburg and Todd’s Bridge. The tavern was owned by Francis Coleman (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 2:203), and the ferry was at Thomas Claiborne’s landing on the Pamunkey River in New Kent County. “Exps.” appears to be the abbreviation GW uses for expenses.

11Thomas Doncastle’s tavern in James City County was on the road from Claiborne’s ferry about fifteen miles from Williamsburg. GW inserted above “Chanes” his symbol for a misspelled word; he has paid £2 for a chance on a raffle.

12In his account with Col. George Lee, GW records having “paid you in Ditto [Williamsburg]” on 20 April £96 and, on 25 April, having given “to your Order in favour of Ralph Wormely Esqr.” £78.17.6. The total paid Lee recorded here as £175 (actually £174.17.6) was for “the use of Mt Vernon Tract & Slaves” for the years 1757 and 1758 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 47). GW’s Lease of Mount Vernon is in Papers, Colonial Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series. 10 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1983–95. description ends , 1:232–35. George Lee of Westmoreland County was the husband of Lawrence Washington’s widow (née Ann Fairfax). Ralph Wormely, a wealthy planter living at Rosegill on the Rappahannock, was at this time a burgess for Middlesex County.

13Carter Braxton was in England where he had gone after the death in December 1757 of his wife Judith Robinson Braxton of Middlesex County. After his return from England in 1760, Braxton like Claiborne lived in King William County. Perhaps GW bought for his bride a chair, or light chaise, that had belonged to Mrs. Braxton.

14At this time Anthony Hay had a cabinet shop in Williamsburg, and in 1767 he bought the Raleigh Tavern from William Trebell. Samuel Galt was a watchmaker in Williamsburg.

15Will is probably the carpenter named Will who appears on GW’s List of Tithables, c.May 1760.

16GW paid Mrs. Frances Thornton a total of £60 for the “hire” of her carpenter James from 15 Feb. 1756 until February 1758. Then on 23 April 1759 he closed out her account with “Cash pd my Brother Chs in Wmsburg in full,” £19.3 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 49). Mrs. Thornton, the widow of Col. Francis Thornton of Spotsylvania County, was Charles Washington’s mother-in-law.

17William Trebell may have been operating a public house in Williamsburg as early as this. He bought the Raleigh Tavern in May 1763.

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