George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, September 1759

Cash Accounts

[September 1759]

Contra
Septr— By Mr Mercer for Settling Adminn Accts Colo. Custiss Este1 £25. 0.0
By Brents Negroes2 0. 5.6
By Mr Mercers Ditto 0. 2.6
2— By Peter Greenlaw3 7. 0.0
By 3 plain Iron’s 0. 3.0
By given away 10/ 0.10.0
20— By Thos Smith—for his Wife’s Right of Dower to Mrs Gists Plantation4 4. 0.0
By Club at Mrs Chews5 0. 2.6
By Charles Washington in full of all Accts6 8.19.5
By Colo. Bassetts Abram. 5/.  Mr Greens Boson 1/37 0. 6.3
26— By Jno. Summer’s in full8 4. 0.0
28— By a Sorrell Horse bought of H. Peake9 4.10.0
By 6 head of Cattle at Jno. Peakes Sale10 6. 5.0
By Exps. in getting a Mare from Fredg 0. 9.0

AD, Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 58.

1See Queries to John Mercer, 20 April 1759, and John Mercer’s Answers, c.20–26 April, as well as notes to both documents (docs. I and II, Settlement of the Daniel Parke Custis Estate, 20 April 1759–5 Nov. 1761).

2George Brent, of Woodstock, Stafford County, was the brother-in-law of GW’s neighbor William Clifton. Brent himself still owned land across Little Hunting Creek, which GW bought from him in 1760 and added to Mount Vernon (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 1:238, 240–41).

3In his account with Peter Greenlaw GW records as due Greenlaw on 27 Feb. 1759 [1760]: “By your freedom dues accordg to Custom of the Ctry,” £3.10, and “By yr Wages at the Rate of £20 pr Ann. since,” £20 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 53).

4Sampson Darrell’s mother Ann (Mrs. Thomas) Smith retained a dower right to the tracts of land Darrell sold GW in 1757. On this date GW signed a lease with Thomas Smith to pay him and his wife £4 at this time and 1,000 pounds of “Crop Tobo and Cask” every year until the death of Ann Smith (deed from Ann and Thomas Smith to GW, PHi: Gratz Collection). See also George Johnston to GW, 8 Jan. 1760, n.2., and Cash Accounts, August 1759, n.1. John Gist’s mother Ann Gist was living on a part of the Darrell—Smith tract along Dogue Run which Gist rented.

5John and Mercy Chew kept a tavern in Alexandria; GW’s “Club” was the total charges for his entertainment at the tavern.

6GW rented from his youngest brother Charles three slaves in 1755, 1756, and 1757 and two slaves in 1758, for total charges of £74 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 13).

7Abram was the trusted slave of Burwell Bassett who lived at Eltham, New Kent County, with his wife, the former Anna Maria Dandridge, Martha Washington’s sister. GW and Martha usually stayed at Eltham when they went to Williamsburg.

8John Summers was being paid for “Overlooking my Carpenters from 23d July” (ibid., 60).

9Humphrey Peake was the son of William Peake (d. 1761) who lived at the fork of Hunting Creek across from Mount Vernon.

10This was probably John Peake of Prince William County who died in 1758. He was the uncle of Humphrey Peake.

Index Entries