Thomas Jefferson Papers
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Memorandum Books, 1805

1805.

Jan. 2. Gave to the Marine band32 20.D. charity 5.D.
4. Pd. Frithey 5.D.
6. Gave J. Barnes ord. on bk. US. for 260.D. borrowed ante Dec. 23.
Gave in charity 1.D.
7. Daugherty’s accts. forage 35.34 + contings. .81 = 36.15 gave ord. on bk. US.
Lemaire’s accts. Dec. 2. to Jan. 4. 05
provns. servts. grocers. Pr.’s H. conts. total meat buttr. eggs veget.
Dec.  8 139.00  . 50 . 75  .81  141. 06  261. 33  17  3.76  50.2533  ÷  61  =  .82
15 80.60  5. 5. 60 14. 97 106. 17  221 26  15  5.40  47.60 ÷ 61 = .78
22 122.   . 50 11. 4. .50  138.  350½ 30  21  12.79  89. ÷ 56 = 1.59
29 108.40  1. 7. 97 6. 25 4.81  128. 43  326 41  36  17.47  75.40 ÷ 57 = 1.32
Jan.  4 90.22  1. 25 91. 47  212 38  29  1.25  57.22 ÷ 41 = 1.40
540.22  8. 25 24. 57 25. 97 6.12  605. 13 1371.  168  118  40.67 
Jan.  5. Servants wages to this day 146.
balance of Dec. 5. 195. 90
947. 03
 7. By ord. on bk. US. 250.
10. By do. this day 350 600.
Balance due 347. 03
8. Discounted note for 1500.D. in bank US. = 1484.25.
9. Gave in charity 5.D. do. 1.D.
10. Recd. from bk. US. 201.D. which I inclosed to Hawkins & Clagett of Baltimore to the credit of John Speer of Charlottesville by order from John Perry.
11.
Drew order on bk. US. in favr. J. Barnes for himself 129. 505
 for Wm. Duane his acct. 1803. Oct. 18. to 1804. Nov. 27.  121. 495
 for Dr. Gantt his acct. 1804. July 19. to Dec. 7. 24. 53
275. 53
Jan. 11. Gave ord. on bk. US. favr. John Dixon for the Washington Dancing assembly 15.D.
12. Pd. Bruff for drawing a tooth 5.D.
13. Gave in charity 5.D.
14. Recd. from the bank US. 600.D.
Inclosed to Gabr. Lilly 560.D. to be applied as follows.
 for Mr.  Henning. 120. bar. corn  @ 15/  300 
Dawson  8. do. @ do. 20 
Higginbotham  24. do. @ do. 60 
Oldham for seed oats 10 
Mrs. Clarke for beef 53. 33
Benjamin Brown, timber trees by J. Perry 14.
Michael Hope on acct. 100.
surplus 2. 67
560.
Inclosed to Dr. Bruff dentist 10.D.
15. Promised to give 50.D. towards building a Presbyterian church34 on F. street payable quarterly from Mar. 31.
17. Gave in charity 2.D.
Pd. Cosa for a glass machine 30.D.
Recd. from bank US. 35.D.
25. Recd. from J. Barnes 150.D.
Pd. Joseph Daugherty for forage 59.53 + smith 8 + stable utensils 4. + portage 6.75 = 78.28.
26. Gave James Hobens35 ord. on bk. US. for 50.D. for the poor.
28. Pd. Mr. Peale 80.D. to wit 60.D. for a new Polygraph36 & 20.D. additional for the two formerly furnished for which only 100.D. had been pd.
31. Pd. for extra washing 15.D.
Feb. 3. Gave in charity 1.D.
5. Pd. Frithey 5.D.
Lemaire’s accts. Jan. 6.—Feb. 2.
provns. servts. grocers. Pr.’s H.
furn.
conts. total meat butter eggs veget.
Jan. 12. 85.34  2. 60   1.50 .31 89. 75 250   32½ 26 2.25  52.34  ÷  59  =   .887
19 89.06  5. 75 94. 81 300   24. 18 2.58  56.06 ÷ 42 = 1.33
26 106.64  1.  4.50 .31 112. 45 331   47. 16 4.63  73.64 ÷ 54 = 1.36
Feb.  2 102.02  . 75 9.37 112. 14 347   32 20 10.27  69.02 ÷ 60 = 1.15
383.06  10. 10  6. 9.37 .62 409. 15 1228  135½ 80 19.73 
Feb.  5. Servants wages to this day 146.
balance of Jan. 10. 347. 03
902. 18
 8. By draught on bk. US. 600.
balance remaining due 300. 37
6. Discounted at bk. US. a note of 2000. = 1979.


8.
Daugherty’s accts. forage 205.22 smith 0.56 conts. 1.50 =  207. 28
 By cash on my acct. from J. Barnes 30.
 gave him draught on bank US.  for himself           177. 28
for me 22. 72
200.
<Drew on bk. US. in favr. J. Barnes for 180.D. to wit the 30.D. furnished to Daugherty for forage & the 150.D. ante Jan. 25.> He retd. it to me.
Drew on bank US. for 500.D. which I remitted to Wm. Short.
Gave in charity 2.D.
9. Gave Vincent Ducombe ord. on bk. US. for 36.50 for books38 by order of N. G. Dufief.
Paid Oneale for metallic hones 5.D.
10. Drew on bank US. in favor Thos. T. Tucker39 for 600.D.
 
Feb. 11. Drew on bk. US. in favor of Thos. W. Pairo40 24.D. for wine.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly 205.D. to pay 202. to John Spear for John Perry.
Of these, 200.D. are now recd. from the bk. US.
12. Charity 2.D. 14. Charity 1.D.
Drew on bank US. for 249.33 which I remitted to Jones & Howell.
17. Charity 2.D.
20. Gave Alexr. Smith ord. on bk. 50.D. for a Baptist church in Alexa.41
23. Gave in charity 2.D.
Recd. from bk. US. 30.D.
25. Charity 2.D.
26. Charity 1.D.
Mar. 2. Recieved of Lemaire small money 44.D.
Recieved of J. Barnes 200.D.—pd. Genl. Jackson Yznardi’s bill 195.D. for wine.42
Gave in charity 5.D.
3. Charity 2.D.
4. 43 Pd. Frithey 5.50 charity 1.D.
5. Lemaire’s acct. Feb. 3.—Mar. 2.
provns. servts. grocers. fuel Pr.’s H. conts. Total meat butr. eggs veget.
Feb.  9. 88.41  5. 50  8. 101. 91 271 31  23 4.17  55.41  ÷  68  =  .81
16. 98.84  4. 38  .86  .81 104. 89 398 29  26 1.62  65.84 ÷ 60 = 1.09
23. 95.22  8. 66  5.25 25.  3. 137. 13 265 24  19 3.94  62.22 ÷ 56 = 1.11
Mar.  2. 88.01  1. 56 4.08 93. 65 265 33  18 1.75  55.01 ÷ 68 = .80
370.48  20. 1  13.25 25.  3.86 4.89 437. 58 1199 117  86 11.48 
stores for Monticello 4. 62
small money from Lemaire 44.
 4. servts. wages to this day 146.
balance due Feb. 8. 302. 18
934. 38
 7. By draught on bank 600.
balance remaining due 334. 38
Discounted with bank US. note of 2000.D.
5. Gave in charity 2.D.
Gave J. Barnes ord. on bank for 380.D. viz. ante 150 + 30 + 200.
6. Pd. Mrs. Bailey44 for 80. trees 15.D.
7. Recd. from Isaac A. Coles45 100.D. gold.
Gave him ord. on bank for 250.D. viz. for the gold, & 150.D. a quarter’s salary.
Gave ord. on bank favr. Th:J. for 321.61½ towit
 for draught on bk.  Norfolk favr.  Oliveira Fernandez  152. 25 wine46
Philada. Matthew Carey 10. 37½ books47
do. Patrick Byrne 20. 75 books48
Baltimore Reibelt 138. 24 books
 which were remitted to them respectively 321. 615
Charity 1.D.
8. Charity 2.D. do. 5.D. do. 2.D.
Recd. from Lemaire 10.D. small money.
Recd. from bank 50.D.
Pd. Gaines 6. pr. womens shoes 10.D.
Charity 2.D.
Furnished Charles Stewart passage in stage 4.D. cash 5.D.
9. Gave Jerry for expences to Monto. 10.D.
Drew on bank for 500.D. for W. Short.
Lemaire Mar. 3.—9.  provisions for  servts. 33. meat 276
33.5037 = .90 masters  33. 50 butter 38
servants 7. 50 eggs 25  doz.
groceries 4. veget. 3 .48
rent of Smoke House 15.
contingencies . 31
cash 10.
stores for Monticello 3. 33
106. 64
 balance due ante Mar. 7. 334. 38
 balance now due 441. 02
 
Mar. 11. Inclosed to Mr. Short the 500.D. ante. Note on settlement the balance due him Feb. 12. last was 8787.69.
Recd. from the bank US. 530.D.
Gave Joseph to pay  Harrison49 2. polygraph
Hepburn50 27. 675 plants
Maine 38. do.51
Treasury 40. coal
Ingle 8. 105 screws
Jones & Kain 19. reprs. carrge.
Patterson52 4. 875 cage
B. & Rigden53 8. 50 watch mendg.
Smith 2. blanket
Stage office 15. 75 portage
165. 905
Inclosed to J. Langdon for 3. barrels perry 16.D.
Recd. from J. Madison 4.D.54 pd. for him by G. Jefferson on my acct.
Gave in charity 1.D. pd. extra washing 10.D.
12. Pd. Daugherty forage 11.65 smith 4.125 utensils
.625 conts. 2.19 = 18.59
paid him also for Mrs. March in part  50.
68.59
14. George T. ferry pd. ferrge. &c. 1.125.
15. Richd. Fitzhugh’s vales 1.D. Brown’s feeding horses .75.
16. Fauqr. C. H. Norris’s.55 pd. dinner, lodgg., brkfast., vales 8.78.
Culpeper C. H. Shackleford’s56 pd. dinner &c. 2.125.
 
17. Rapidan. pontage .50.
Gordon’s  breakft. &c. 1.75 the whole = 16.03.
pd. do. Jerry’s expences 2. gave TMR’s Isaac 1.D.
Gave Patsy for small exp. 8.D.
21. Gave note to B. Kindred for 50.D. in charity.
22. Sent Mrs. Clarke for 5. ℔ butter 1.D.
23. Pd. Gabriel Lilly for James Old on W. Stewart’s acct. the 20.D. ante Sep. 27. Note, the money sent for this purpose ante Dec. 10. had been paid to other persons for W. Stewart.
Pd. Gabriel Lilly for John Rogers 105.73 in discharge of his bond for necessaries for the plantation to wit for pork. Still owe Rogers for hay & waggonage £11–19–6 beef for myself £8–5s.
Crop of tobo. made at Poplar Forest in 1804.
 No.  61.  140. 1660.  now inclose the Manifests to
110. 1570.   Gibson & Jefferson.
249. 145. 1569.
250. 1609.
290. 1486.
292. 1630.
293. 1655.  June sold at 40/ @ 90. 120. 150. Days.
327. 1580.  £928–0–10 = 3093.46
331. 1480.
332. 1519.
338. 1641.
340. 1441.
451. 1624.
452. 146. 1494
470. 145. 1555
487. 146. 1511
488. 1554.
637. 1574.
742. 1833
743. 1679.
744. 1816
745. 1886
760. 1593
761. 1647
762. 1568.
763. 1679.
765 1654
766 1661.
29. hhds. 893. 130 1234  46,402
Griffin &
Whittington’s part.
1619
1629
1654
1744   6646
 
Mar. 24. Inclosed to James Oldham an order on Gibson & Jefferson for 40.D.
27. Inclosed to G. Divers by Jack 108.87 his acct. for whiskey to the workmen & plantation, beef & flour for the house.
28. Richd. Barry,57 painter arrives & begins work @ 30.D. pr. month.
30. Hhd. exp. 2.D.
31. Gave Jame Hubard for hawling .25.
Patsy for small expences 10 D.
Apr. 2. Pd. Michael Hope on acct. 50.D.
3. <Became security for John Perry to Francis Smith for £130. to be paid the 1st. week of January.> Not concluded.
Gave charity 1.D.
4. Gave charity 3.D.
Gave John 5.D. Jack 5.D.
6. Gave charity 2.D.
7. Hhd. exp. to Patsy 10.D.
9. Gave Lilly to buy flour 10.D.
10. Charity 2.D. Hhd. exp. 30.D.
8. On settlemt. with J. H. Craven a balance is due me of 93–11–4.
13. On settlement with Hugh Chisolm, I owe him 136.D. exclusive of some jobs begun Mar. 28. & not yet finished.
On settlement with John Perry, the balance in my favor is £252–1–10½ besides the £130. assumed to Smith ante Apr. 3. to be credited agt. next acct. of work.
On settlement with Gabriel Lilly he owes me 6/3.
Pd. John Perry on acct. 5.D.
14. Pd. James Dinsmore on acct. 5.D. set out for Washington.
15. Colo. Lindsay’s vales 1.D.
Gordon’s. servt. & horses lodging &c. 2.25.
Mr. Fry’s .40.
16. Jefferson.58 Kuhn’s lodging &c. 3.25 Fauqr. C. H. breakft. &c. 1.83.
17. Songster’s.59 dinner lodging &c. 4.50 Geo. T. ferry 1.25. whole = 14.48.
 
Charity 2.
20. Charity 1.
Lemaire’s accts. from Mar. 10.—Apr. 16. = 37. days
Provisions. 9. servts.  166. 63 for 37. days is 4.0660 pr. week
servts. 17. 09 meat 542 ℔ is 15 ℔ }  pr. day for 9 persons
fuel 2. butter   36.  1. ℔
Pr.’s H. repairs 1. 50 eggs  52. doz. 17. eggs 
Conting. 5. 88 veget.  13.69
193. 10
His accts. Mar. 17.—20.  provns.  servts. 17.13
 meat 54. ℔ masters  13.33  ÷ 8 = 1.66
 butter  8. contingenc.  2.
 eggs 11. doz. 32.46
 veg.  2.19
22. Charity 1.
25. Charity 2.D.
26. Charity 5.D. do. 1.D.
27. Inclosed to Matthew Carey 1.D. for books.61
28. Assumed to pay Geo. Jefferson the first week in Aug. 201.D. for Craven Peyton. Note this is for 2. shares in the warehouse at Milton.
Charity 1.D.
Recd. of J. Barnes 10.D.
May 1.
Lemaire’s accts. Apr. 21.—27.  Provns.  servts. @ 3½  38. 5 meat 234. ℔
44.3724 = 1.84. masters 44. 37 butter   21½
servts. 8. 64 eggs  21. doz.
conting. 9. 21 veget.  5.35
100. 72
Recapitulation. balance ante  Mar. 9. 441. 02
Apr. 20. 193. 10
32. 46
May. 1. 100. 72 767. 30
 2 months wages servts. to May 4. 290. 290.
1057. 30
 May. 2. by check on bank 600.
 Balance due 457. 30
 Servts. wages.
   Lemaire 30
Julien 25
 
Jos. Daugherty  16
Rob. Daugherty 14
Wm. Fitzjames 14
John Pernier 14
Jack Shorter 10
John Freeman 4
Mrs. Daugherty 9
Biddy Boyle 7  + 1
Edy 2  146.
May 1. Subscribed 200.D. to an academy62 at this place, to be paid in 10. quarterly instalments commencing Oct. 1.
Gave in Charity 2.D.
2.
Jos. Daugherty’s accts.  forage 22.46 + 29.80 =  52. 26
utensils 1. 795
smith 5.
contingencies 6. 41
65. 465
 gave him check on bank US. 65.46½.
Drew order on bank US. in favr. John Lenthall for 178.25 D. for Latrobe & Mifflin for sheet iron for offices Monticello.
Discounted with bk. US. a note of 2000.D.

3.
D
Drew on bk. US.  for  500. a draft on bk. US. Phila. Th.J. for Wm. Short
144. 47 do. favr. Jones & Howell.
11. a check favr. Rapine & Conrad. books
100. 685. do. favr. Thos. Claxton for S. D. Day. cyder
cash. { 40. for treasury for 100. bush. coal.
4. Price of Wilmington for a book63
10. Frithey
263. 33 for Hope
340. 22. 67 for pocket money
1096. 155
4. Inclosed to W. Short the draft for 500.D. above mentioned.
Inclosed to Jones & Howell the draft for 144.47 abovementd.
Gave  Rapine & Conrad the check for 11.D. }  abovementd.
Thos. Claxton the check for 100.685 D. 
 
Pd. at the Treasury the 40.D. above mentd. for coal.
Pd. Frithey’s apprentice the 10.D. above mentd.
D
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly  50. for Michael Hope
213. 33 for Williams on acct. of Hope
1. 67 surplus.
265. D.
Paid for boot hooks 2.25.
5. Pd. Mclaughlin subscription to Dancing assembly 15.D. charity 1.D.
6. Gabriel Lilly’s contract for the purchase of 2. Negro men Isaac & Charles64 from Wm. T. Colston of Alexa. for 400.D. paiable at 30. days sight & 400.D. payable at 60. days sight, presented & accepted.
Charity 2.D.
7.
Discounted a note at the bk. Columbia for       1600. D.
 discount 16. 80
 nett proceeds 1583. 20
Mr. Barnes has recieved the whole & is to dispose of it as follows
   231. 09 to be remitted to Ludlow in N. Y. for Wm. Hazard holder of Cathalan’s bill65
25. 805 do. for Cheetham, newspapers & pamphlets
8.    Irwin for Morng. chronicle
100. to be paid to Thos. Carpenter in part his bill for tayloring
88. 50 to be paid to Mrs. March, balance her bill bookbinding
900. to be kept by Mr. Barnes in part of his acct.
1353. 395
229. 805 cash he now pays me.
1583. 20
Accordingly I sent ord. on J. Barnes in favr. of  Carpenter for 100. D.
Mrs. March for  88. 50
Gave  Wm. A. Burwell ord. on bk. US. for  32.D.  taxes on 4. carriages
Polkinhorne & Hall do. 17.77 their acct. for sadlery
Lemaire for La Bille 16. upholstery for Pr.’s house
Pd. Peter Lenox for Venetian blinds &c. 31.48.
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly 175.D.
8. Paid Dr. Thornton66 for 2. drawing boards 2.D.
12. Gave in charity 1.D.—do. 2.D.
 
May 13. Gave in Charity 2.D.
15. Subscribed towards building an Episcopal church67 in Washington 100.D. payable in 3. monthly instalments beginning June. 1.
Drew off the remains of the 5th. pipe of Madeira 76 bottles & sent them to Monticello, and broached the 6th. pipe. The 5th. broached 1804. May 28.
16. Charity 1.D.
19. Charity 8.D. 24. Charity 2.D. 26. Charity 1.D.
27. Borrowed of Wm. A. Burwell a Richmd. post note of 100.D. which I inclosed to Gibson & Jefferson for J. W. Eppes in boot between horses,68 and gave him order accordingly.
30. Pd. Capt. Palmer freight of 3. hhds. hams 5.50.
31. Charity 2.D.
June 3. Drew on bank US. in favr. Revd. A. McCormic for 50.D. one year’s subscription.
4. Lemaire’s accts. Apr. 28.—June 1.
provns. stores
do.
do.
Monticello
servts. fuel Pr.’s
H.
conts. Total meat buttr. eggs veget.
May  4.  78.46 10. 5.77  2.06  96. 29  243 32  25  7.80   39.96  ÷  41  =  .97
11.  87.67 23.50 19.50   2.25  132. 92 215 34  19  11.40   49.17 ÷ 25 = 1.96
18.  81.98 12. 77.51  .31  171. 80 200 24  16  5.86   43.48 ÷ 26 = 1.67
25.  77.66 11.31  1. 1.50  91. 47 216 27  16  12.60   39.16 ÷ 34 = 1.15
June  1.  74.94  8.50 3.11  86. 55 219 33  28  8.39   36.44 ÷ 38 = .96
400.71  23.50 12. 29.81 102.78   3.25  6.98  579. 03 1093 150  104  46.05  176.7269 ÷ 164 = 1.08
 balance of May 2. 457. 30
 May 4. to June 1. 579. 03
 June 4. servts. wages to this day 146.
1182. 33
6. by check on bank US. 700.
 balance remaining due 482. 33
 
5. Gave in charity 2.D. paid Connor for Frithey 5.25.
Discounted with bk. US. a note of 2000.D. proceeds = 1979.

6.
   D
Drew on bank US. in favr. of Lemaire (as above) 700.
 Joseph Daugherty. stable 51. 845
 Thos. Carpenter (taylor) in full his balance 94. 25
 Wm. A. Burwell to repay loan ante May 27. 100.
 Richd. Gaines. shoes70 20.
 Isaac Cooper. picture frames 18.
 James Webb. mahogy. tables &c. 50. 50
 Stewart & Beall assees. of Douglas & Mandeville,
   assees. of Wm. T. Colston for negroes 400.  1434.595
Recd. from bk. US. here the following draughts
 on bk. US. in Phila. in favr. John Taggert for paint71 86. 42
            Roches freres for books72 36. 75
 on bk. US. N. York in favr. D. Gelston for duties73 111. 82
 on bk. US. in Baltim. in favr. Killer & Foreman,
  J. Spear’s orders from M. Hope 100.D. H. Chisolm
  100.D. Jas. Dinsmore 30 D. = 230.  464.99
 which drafts I inclosed to Taggert, Roches, Gelston & K. & Foreman.
Recd. from bk. US. in cash & inclosed to the following persons
 to John Kelly 50.D. charity to Kindred, 50.D. on acct. 100.
 D. Higginbotham 83.33 for M. Hope 101.67 on acct. 185
G. Lilly for  John Rogers (ante Mar. 23.) 67. 42
Hancock Allen. sawing 238. 42
John Peyton, sadlery, hauling &c. 103. 16
John Perry. on acct. 300. 00
Mich. Hope in full balce. on settlemt. Apr. 11.     464. 815
for  balance due the following persons
 
    Fontrees. hauling      £17– 1– 0
Hawkins do. 4– 16– 0
Huckstept hay 3– 0– 0
T. E. Randolph.74 negro hire 49– 8– 6
Watson hauling 1– 0– 0
Clarke. hay 16– 3–
Reynolds. fodder 6– 6–
Price. oats 3– 0– 0
Williams. lime 3– 8– 4
R. Johnston. hauling 23– 0– 0
D. Higginbotham corn 12– 0– 0
139– 4– 5  =  464. 17 }
of which I remitted ante May 7. 175.  291.185
balance remaing. due now remitted 289. 17 1465. 1750.
+ a surplus 2. 015 3649.585
June 7. Charity 2.D.

12.
D.
Discounted note with bk.  Columbia  1500.
discount 15. 75
Recieved the balance 1485. 25

14.
Pd. J. Barnes 328.875.
Recd. from bank US. draught on do. at Phila. 500.D & inclosd. to W. Short.
D 
Inclosed to Gibson & Jefferson 970.
drew on them in favr. Fras. Smith, negro hire (1804)  621.
  Wm. Wardlow my acct. & for John Perry 46. 12
  James Oldham 100.
  to be credited to my own acct. 202. 88 970.
15. Charity 2.D. 16. Do. 1.D.
17. Pd. Wm. Duane’s acct. book, stationary &c. 67.625.
18. Pd. Gilbert Stewart for drawing my portrait75 100.D.
 
22. Pd. Mr. Davies in part of 2. copies Madison’s map of Virga. 2.D.76
24. Gave in Charity 2.D.
25. Paid for 6. butter pats 2.375.
30. Charity 1.D.
July 2. My note of May 2. to bk. US. being due this day
 borrowed of  Mr. Barnes 1360.D. }  and pd. it off.
W. A. Burwell  640.D.
3. Gave in charity 1.D.
Discounted with bank US. a note of 2000.D. proceeds = 1979.
5. Gave J. Barnes ord. on bk. US. for 1360.D. to pay what I borrowd. on 2d.
Gave do. an ord. on do. for 2000.D. to wit
1600.D.  to pay my note to bank of Columbia of May 7. and
400.D.  to pay the 2d. note to Colston for negroes ante May 6.
Gave Thos. Davis ord. on the bank US. for 34.86 for plaister machine.77
Inclosed to Gibson & Jefferson my note for 1000.D. to bank of Virga. to be paid by the 1st. instalment of Bohn & Hubner for my tobo.
Gave in Charity 2.D.
6. Recd. from bank US. 50.
7. Pd. W. A. Burwell 10.
8. Pd. Frithey 5.
Lemaire’s accounts June 2. to July 6.
provns. wines grocers. servts. Pr.’s
H.
cont. Total meat buttr. eggs veget.
Jun.  8. 56.05  1.68 57. 73 145 24  18  7.57  17.55  ÷  25  =   .702
15. 50.78  .75 51. 53 146 20  14  7.17  12.28 ÷ 27 =  .45
22. 69.91   2.25 72. 16 204 26  23  9.20  31.41 ÷ 32 =  .98
29. 36.77  22.95  8. .25 67. 97 173 28  20  5.73  18.38578 ÷ 14 = 1.313
July  6. 87.80  9. 16. 1.12 113. 92 187 34  43  6.21  49.30 ÷ 31 = 1.59
301.31  9. 22.95 10.25 16  3.80 363. 31 855  132  118. 35.88 128.92 ÷ 129 = 1.
 small money furnishd. 50.
 balance of June 6. 482. 33
 servts. wages July 4. 146.
1041. 64
 July 12. by cash 600.
 balance remaing. due 441. 64
July 8. Gave in charity 5.D.
Gave Benjamin King ord. on bk. US. 115.42 for a fire engine.79
10. Pd. Peter Lenox for James Oldham 5.75 for a turner.80
Discounted a note at bk. Columbia 1600. = 1583.20.
11. Recd. from J. Barnes in part of do. 1000.D.
Pd. W. A. Burwell 10.D.

July

12.
D
Recd. from bk. US. cash 150.
Do. draught on bk. US. Philada. favr.  Jones & Howell  253. 33
C. W. Peale 60.
Alexr. Stewart 40 
503. 33
Inclosed the sd. draughts  to Jones & Howell 253.33
to C. W. Peale 60. for a Polygraph.81
to Alexr. Stewart 40. on acct. Wm. Stewart.
Paid  Peter Lenox, Venetn. blinds &c. 62.08
 
Thomas Claxton, lamps & diaper82 81.35
James Maxwell boots & slippers 17.50
Burnet & Rigden ear-rings &c. 35. } presents
Mrs. Pic, comb &c.  7.
Coxe John. muslin83 12.50
Edwd. L. Smith do. 36
Stage office. portage 7.635
Paid  Joseph Daugherty 2. accts. of June 23. & 30. viz. 
forage  53. 40
Kain. repairing sulky 13. 375
Polkinson & Hall. a saddle bridle &c. 52.
Harrison repairg. instand84 & Polygraph 1. 50
Smith . 50
wire screen for mill 1.80 netting bag 3. 50
contingencies 2. 955
errors of acct. . 60
127. 2385
Recd. by J. Barnes from bank Columbia the balce. of note 583.20 which he sent to me.
Pd. J. Barnes 164.675.
13. Pd. E. Frithey 3.
D
Paid W. A. Burwell 70
 gave him  ord. on Gibson & Jeff. on demand       300
do. paiable Sep. 3. 400
770
which with the paimts. ante 7. & 9. make up the 640.D. borrowed ante July 2. and 150.D. a quarter’s salary.
Left with Mr. Barnes 3. notes to be discounted at bk. US. at their respective dates as follows Aug. 7. Sep. 4. Oct. 9. 2000 = 1979.D. each to be applied according to directions.
Inclosed to D. Higginbotham ord. on G. & Jefferson for 100.D.
Inclosed to Gibson & Jefferson my notes of Aug. 4. & Sep. 8. for 1000.D. each to be discounted at the bank of Virga. at their dates, to be pd. by Bohn & Hubner out of proceeds of my tobo.
Note they are to stop out of my note ante July 5. my assumpsit <ante Apr. 28.> for Craven Peyton which is reduced to 156.67 paiable in July.
Cash in hand 587.20.
July 13. Pd. doorkeepers of July 4. 8.D. charity 4.D.
14.
Pd. Joseph Daugherty for  forage 13.33
smith 6.50
sadler 3.25
conting.   5.95
29.03
Pd. extra washing 15.D.
15. Paid ferrge. to Alexr.’s island 3.D.
Alexandria. brkft. &c. 4.D. + vales 1.D. a servt. on the road .25.

16.
Occoquan.86 toll .75 Gordon’s dinner, lodging &c. 12.75.
vales 1.D. Shorter for expences 5.D.
Landsdown’s oats .5.
Elkr. ch. Shumate. brkft. &c. 1.58 + .50 vales.
17. Strode’s vales .25.
Herring’s. servts. horses &c. 5.D. + .75 vales.
Orange C. H. Burras. brkft. 2.77 + .50 vales.

18.
Gordon’s  dinner, lodging 3.75.
vales .50 the whole travellg. exp. = 43.85
Arrived at Monticello. Cash in hand 487.20.
20. Gave in charity 2.D.
Pd. Gabriel Lilly for corn 280.D.
Pd. for Small debts 16.D.
21. Patsy for houshold exp. 10.D.
22. Assumed to pay for Wm. Stewart to John Speer 77.23 the first week in November.
25. Pd. G. Lilly for rye 20.D. @ 4/.
Pd. John Perry on acct. 50.D.
26. Set out for Poplar forest.87
27. Colo. Coles vales 1.D. Warren ferrge. .67.
 
28. Flood’s88 dinner, lodging &c. 3.50.
Hunter’s89 breakft. &c. 2.25.
New London. dinner &c. 3.25.
a guide .25.
31. Hunter’s lodging &c. 1.75 + .25.
Aug. 1. Sweney’s breakft. .67 + .25.
The Raleigh.90 corn .25.

2.
Warren  ferrge. .33.
vales .50.
Recd. back from Shorter 3.22. See ante July 16.
3. Patsy small exp. 8.D. (Omitted 15.D. to G. Lilly for Richd. Faris for plank.)
4. Pd. James Dinsmore for Mrs. Lewis & Fitz 5.16.
6. Agreed with John H. Craven for 300. barrels of corn @ 12/6 one hundred here, and 200. from his place near Charlttesville.
Gave Ben .25.
7. Isaac expences to Mrs. Marks 1.D.
11. Gave in charity 3.D. hhd. exp. 8.D.
Recd. of Kemp Catlett by D. Carr for Philip Mazzei £37–15–8 = 125.94 in full of judgmt. agt. him for balance due for Colle.
13. Pd. hhd. exp. 4.33.
14. Pd. Gabriel Lilly 90.D. to wit for  Jordan £7. for    15.D. and for beeves 50.D.
Assumed to James Clarke John Perry’s order 14.67 taxes 1804.
Aug. 17. Charity 2.D.
18. <Inclosed to Wm. Short order on Gibson & Jefferson for 500.D. This is to be pd. out of the note of 1000.D. discounted in Richmd. on the 2d. instalment for my tobo.> Retd. to me.
 
Hhd. expences 8.
Charity 2.D.
20. Lent Richard Mooney 3.D. pd. Michl. Hope 15.D.
21. Bought a negro woman Lucretia Jame’s wife, her 2. sons John & Randall and the child of which she is pregnant, when born, for £180. of which £100. to be paid before his departure & the residue a twelvemonth hence.91
22. J. Holmes Freeman commences as overseer at £60. a year.92
25. Hhd. exp. 8.
27. Household exp. 3.
30. Charity 2.D.
Sep. 1. Pd. Lilly 5.D.
3. Charity 8.D.
6. Charity 1.D. 7. Charity 5.
8. Gave order on Higginbotham favr. <Mrs. Knowland> Harris charity 5.D.
Hhd. exp. 4.
11. Gave ord. on Higginbotham favr. Mrs. Knowland charity 5.D.
13. Purchased negro Martin93 of Thos. E. Randolph for £200. paiable in all February next with int. from Oct. 15. when he is to be delivered.
15. Charity 5.D.
16. Hhd. exp. 6.D.
Recd. of Mr. Garrett 100.D. of James Old 120.D. pd. G. Lilly 50.D.
17. Pd. Chisolm 10.D.
18. Recd. of A. Garrett 100.D.
19. Pd. Gab. Lilly 110.D. pd. James Walker94 50.D. pd. Michl. Hope 40.D.
Pd. John Perry 20.D.
21. Hhd. exp. 6.D. 22. Do. 4.D.
25. Pd. James Dinsmore 10.D.
 
26. Recd. from Gibson & Jefferson by post 280.D.
Due to Alexr. Garrett ante  Sep. 16.     100. D.
Sep. 18. 100. D.
 Fredsvlle. taxes & tickets 30. 26  of which 16.67
 gave him ord. on Gibson & Jefferson for  230. 26  for J. Perry
Gave in charity 1.D. pd. R. Jefferson for clover seed 1.25.
27. Drew order on Gibson & Jefferson in favr. D. Higginbotham 100.D.
Drew do. in favor Martin Dawson for 100.D.
Paid Gabriel Lilly £70 = 233.33.
Settled with Mich. Hope & the balance of 957.33 D. = £287–4 is due to him, out of which I assume to pay for him to
£ 
David Higginbotham £57 + 25 = 82– 0
John Watson 10– 4
John Spier 15– 0
Hugh Chisolm 20– 4
Joseph Brand 17– 10
balance to M. Hope 142– 6
287– 4
Pd. James Dinsmore 10.D.
Pd.  Nelson95 10.D.

Sep.

28.
D 
Settled with James Old taxes for 1804. & tickets    90. 90
 cash recd. ante Sep. 16. 120.
 do. paid Michl. Hope 39. 125
 recieved of him in cash now 50.
 gave him order on Gibson & Jefferson for 300. 025
Pd. Barry 10.D. lent R. Jefferson 10.D.
Small debts 20.D.
29. Cash on hand 67.55 pd. Chisolm 10.D.
Chisolm goes to Bedford to work at 20.D. pr. month.96
Hhd. exp. 10.50 set out from Monticello.
 
Oct. 1. Pd. dinner, lodgg. &c. Gordon’s 6.08 + vales .50.
Zimmerman’s. dinner &c. 2. + .25.
2. Strode’s. vales .25.
Herring’s. Shorter’s exp. 10.25 servts. & horses 3.75 + .50.
Shoemake’s brkfast. &c. 1.5 + .25 Brown’s oats .75.
3. Songster’s. dinnr. lodging &c. 4.D. Geo. T. ferry 1.40.
Cash on hand 6.50.
4. Charity 2.D. do. 1.D.
6. Recd. from J. Barnes 15.50 being the reimbursement from J. Mason of duties on wine overpd. him several years ago.
7. On a settlement of Sep. 27. with J. Perry for the manufactg. mill & 2 miller’s houses a balance was due him of 780.72 D. I promised to pay for him as follows
   D. Higginbotham  200. D.
M. Dawson 350.
J. Spier 40.
  Mcgruder 30.
 & to remit him cash 250.
870.
Recd. from bk. US. 130.D.
D
Recd. of Mr. Barnes 740
 of which I returned him immediately  45
 balance borrowed 695
Inclosed to Gabriel Lilly
the balance due him on settlemt. 11– 16–5
Michael Hope’s order in his favor  25– 0–0 D
36– 16–5  =  122 .74
Mich. Hope’s remaining balance 134– 16–0  = 449 .33
for John Perry as above 250.
surplus on acct. 2 .93
825
8.
Lemaire’s accts. July 7. to 13. Provns. for  servts. 38. 5
37.2741 = .91  meat 220. ℔ masters  37. 27
butter  32. servts. 6. 23
eggs  31. doz. conting. . 37 82. 37
veget.  6.21
Do. from July 14. to Oct. 5. Provisions 369. 80
 369.80 for 9. servts. 12 weeks is 3.42  stores of do. 22. 13
 meat  656. ℔ servts. wages 438.  for July,
 butter  72.  Aug. Sep.
 eggs  66½ doz.  do. other exp. 49. 15
 veget.  25.37 wood 160. 50
charcoal 8. 20
 
contingencies 21. 49 1069. 27
 add for error of account somewhere 3. 53
 balance of July 12. 441. 64
1596. 81
 Aug. 14. by bk. US. 300. Sep. 6. by do. 300 600.
 balance remaining due 996. 81
By order on bank US. 500.
 balance still remaining due 496. 81
9. 
9. Discountd. bank US. 2000.D. = 1979.D.
Drew on bk. US. in favor of J. Barnes for 695.D. to replace Oct. 7.
10. Ferrge. to and from the Causeway97 1.D.
11.
Drew ord. on bk. US. for  90.D.  favr. of Benjamin Travers freight of coal.
Do. for 25.96  favr. Jos. Daugherty hauling do.
Charity 1.D.
12. Gave ord. on bk. US. for 500.D. favr. J. Barnes to take up my note of Aug.  to bk. of Columbia.
Drew ord. on bk. US. for 134.80 and inclosed their draught on bank at Baltimore to Reibelt, balance for books.
Gave in charity 1.D.
13. Do. 1.D. 15. Pd. ferrge. &c. Geo. T. 1.D.
17. Charity 10.D.
Gave order on J. Barnes for 1000.D. in favr. W. Short to be pd. out of a note of 1000.D. of the 16th. inst. discountd. at bank Columbia.
18. Recd. from bank US. 30.D.
Robt. Gamble has pd. for me to Gibson & Jeff. 58.80 D. being the principal of the balance due from Colo. Bell to me.
Charity 2.D.
20. Ferrge. George town 2.D.
21. Pd. Maine for thorns 12.
22. Pd. Harrison pen-tube of Polygraph .50. 24. Charity 1.
25. Charity 2.D.
29. Entrance at races.  30. Do.  31. Do.  charity 1.D.
Nov. 1. Charity 2. 3. Charity 1.D. 6. Charity 1.D.
 
6. Discounted note of 2000.D. at bank US. = 1979.
Lemaire’s accts. from Oct. 6. to Nov. 2.
provns. grocers. servts. fuel Pr.
H.
stores cont. Total meat butter eggs veget.
Oct. 12. 36.34   1.25  2. 10.13 2.50 2. 54. 22 129  22¾ 10  5. 36.34  ÷  91  =  .40
19. 63.45   4.50 10.97 3.50 82. 42 249  30 26  7.05 24.95 ÷ 36 = .69
26. 50.85   6. 17.69 1.35 75. 89 242  25½ 10  6.50 12.35 ÷ 26 = .47
Nov.  2. 95.06  25.67 1. 121. 73 232  27 26  6.93 56.56 ÷ 31 = 1.82
245.70   7.25 49.86 10.13 2.50 10.97 7.85 334. 26 852 105¼ 72 25.48 130.20 ÷ 184 = .70
Oct.   9. balance left due 496. 81
Nov.  4. servts. wages 146.
977. 07
 7. By ord. on bk. US. 400.
  balance remaing. due 577. 07
Joseph Daugherty’s acct. from July 16. to Nov. 4.
Provender 187. 195
smith 8. 875
coachmaker 3. 50
utensils 3. 62
contingencies 12. 665
215. 855
Nov. 7. by ord. on bk. US.   100.
balance remaining due 115. 855
Nov. 7. Recd. from bank US. 120.D. inclosed 100.D. to my daughter Randolph.98
Recd. from bank US. 500.D. & remitted them to G. Jefferson.
Nov. 8. Pd. Frithey 5.50.
Gave Isaac A. Coles for Washington academy ord. on bk. US. 20.D. See ante May 1.
Charity 2.D.
9. Recd. of bk. US. 750.D. and paid the same to Mr. Barnes to take up my note at bank Columbia given Sep.
13. Discounted at bank Columbia note of 1250.D. = 1236.87.
14. Mr. Barnes recieves it from the bank & disposes as follows
 
he  retains  255. 73 for himself
pays 2. 99 to Rob. Purviance for me at Baltimore
100. to George Pryce & co. }
100. to George Hoffman at Baltimore on acct. of
John Speer who has orders on me
216. 67 to Keller & Foreman
674. 40
recd. from him  562. 47 cash myself
1236. 87
Note the 416.67 paid for John Speer is on the followg. accounts
 for  John Perry 40. D. ante Oct. 7.
Mich. Hope 50. ante Sep. 27.
Richd. Barry 40.
Wm. Steward 77. 23 ante July 22.
Fletcher 16. 67
Walter Key 150. for corn
on my own acct.  42. 77
416. 67
Inclosed to John Holmes Freeman 200.D. to wit
 for  James Walker 100. D.
J. Perry on order of Hope  18.
Faris on acct. 25 
Carver 20. 83
Daniel 18.
on acct. 18. 17
200.
Besides my store balance to D. Higginbotham I am answerable to him as follows.
 for  corn 20. + 122.50 =    142. 50
Gabriel Lilly 393. 33 see his acct.
John Perry 200. ante Oct. 7.
Mich. Hope 273  ante Sep. 27
1009. 16 1   
I now inclose him 200 
balance remaining hereon 809. 16
Gave ord. on bank US. in favr. Geo. Andrews for  James Oldham  174.18
myself 7.75
181.93
 
15. Pd. Michael Nourse 50.D. towards buildg. a church. See ante Jan. 15.
Inclosed to Robert Hooe & co. to pay for two Quarter casks of Termo & Bucellas from Wm. Jarvis 75.D. instead of 73.83.
17. Charity 1.D.
18. Do. 2.D. borrowed of Mr. Barnes 30.D.
19. Repd. Mr. Madison sundries bot. for Mrs. Randolph 60.D.2
21. Charity 1.D. Eaton’s horseler 1.D.
23. Subscribed to the Dancing assembly at Stelle’s 16.D.
Recd. of Mr. Barnes 90.D.
24. Paid Colo. Wm. Tatham for a Camera obscura 78.84 D.3
Gave in charity 1.D.
Nov. 25. Ferrge. George town 1.D. Charity 2.D.
28. Charity 1.D. 29. Charity 2.D.
Dec. 5. Patsy 15.D. charity 1.D.
Recd. from bk. US. 75.D.
Subscribed to the Washington academy4 in Rockbridge 50.D.
Pd. Christopher S. Thom for bringing from Baltimore sundries frm. Capt. Lewis 17.D.5
J. Barnes has remitted 212.D. to Nicklin & Griffith of Philadelphia in discharge of my acceptance of William Higgens’ bill on Rob. Smith for 2. pipes Marsalla wine.6
Gave Patsy 40.D.
9. Pd. Mr. Eppes for a book 5.D.
10. Pd. Frithey 5.D. pd. Harrison for 2. pen points 2.D. 11. Charity 2.
11. Discounted at bank US. a note of 4000.D. = 3958.D.
provns. servts. fuel
charc.
conting. Total meat butter eggs veget.
Nov.  9. 58.36    .62 35. 93. 98 168  26½ 11. 7.94  19.86  ÷  28  =   .71
16 66.59  .91  67. 50 147  26 10. 3.57  28.09 ÷ 27 = 1.04
23 41.66   10. 11.25 14.94  77. 85 182  29. 13. 1.15  41.66 ÷ 108 =  .385
Dec.  1. 55.16  2.61  57. 77 176  31. 19. 4.53  16.66 ÷ 28 =  .595
 7. 152.64  5.82  160. 46 432  50 23  10.33 107.647 ÷ 92 = 1.17
374.41   12.628 46.25 24.28  457. 56 1105 162½ 76  27.52 213.91 ÷ 283 =  .75
balance of Nov. 7. 577. 07
Dec.  4. servts. wages to this day 146.
1180. 63
12. by ord. on bk. US. 500.
balance remaining 680. 9
Jos. Daugherty’s accts.  Provender 45. 015
smith 1.
contingencies 2. 57
48. 585
 balance of Nov. 7. 115. 855
164. 44
 by cash from Mr. Barnes 66.03
 by order now on bk. US. 98.41 164. 44
Drew order on bank US. in favr. James Madison 300.D. on loan.
Recd. from bk. US. ord. on do. in Philada. in favr. Saml. Mifflin for 104.27 which I remitted to him for sheet iron.
Recd. from do. ord. on do. Phila. in favr. John Taggert for 171.97 which I remitted him for paints & oil.
Recd. from do. ord. on do. Phila. for 500.D. which I endorsed & remitted to Wm. Short on account.
Recd. from bank US. 150.D.
Inclosed to the Revd. Mr. Baxter 50.D. my subscription to Washington academy ante Dec. 5.
Gave Mrs. Randolph 50.D.
 
Drew ord. on bk. US. in favr. of Thos. Freeman 54.D. for graphometer.10
Drew ord. on do. in favr. W. Tunnicliff for 217.50 for books, maps & instruments imported from Europe.11
Pd. for a razor 2.D. gave in charity 1.D.
13. Recd. from bk. US. ord. on do. at N. York for 102.48 in favr. David Gelston which I remitted him for freight, duties &c. on wines.12
Recd. of bank US. 1000.D.
Pd. J. Barnes 1000.D. to take up my note at bk. Columbia of Oct. 16. 17.
Dec. 14. Pd. for 4. play tickets 4.D.13 15. Charity 2.D.
16. Recd. from bank US. 760.D.
D 
Inclosed to  D. Higginbotham  200.
Martin Dawson 200.
J. H. Freem 360.  to wit for  J. B. McGruder  146. 34
760. Josep Brand 213.
surplus on acct. . 66
17. Pd. George Swink for carrying Jame Hubbard home 20.D.14
18. Pd. Harrison for 3. pen points 3.D. & mendg. append. to Equatorial 2.D. charity 1.D.
Pd. for play ticket 1.
Discounted at bk. Columbia note of 1000.D. = 989.50.
19. Gave Mr. Barnes order to recieve it and
 
D
to  retain for himself 551
pay to Mrs. March on acct.     75
and recieved myself from him in cash  363 .50
989 .50
20. Charity 2.D.
21. Paid Leonard Cookendorfer coach hire 24.D.
Inclosed to John H. Freeman for  James Walker 100. D.
John Perry 100.
James Dinsmore    70.
Nicholas Lewis 64. 09
on acct. . 91
335.
25. Pd. Isaac Norris, casing 2 pipes Marsalla 16.D.
27. Charity 2.D.
30. Drew ord. on bk. US. for 41.50 a draught on bank at Baltimore.15

32The United States Marine Band, organized in 1800 by Corps commandant Lieutenant Colonel W. W. Burrows, performed regularly at public occasions such as inaugurations and Independence Day and gave concerts during the summer months. It probably took part in the New Year’s Day reception at the President’s House. TJ is traditionally credited with the idea of importing the Italian musicians who joined the band in the fall of 1805 (Cripe, Jefferson and Music, p. 24-6 description begins Helen C. Cripe, Thomas Jefferson and Music, Charlottesville, Va., 1974 description ends ; Bryan, National Capital, i, 606-7 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

33$55.75 in addition to the $33.00 for the servants’ dinners was subtracted from the “provns.” figure.

34A brick Presbyterian church was completed in 1807 on the site of present 1414 F. Street, N.W. (Bryan, National Capital, i, 599-600 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

35 James Hoban (c. 1762-1831), architect and builder of the President’s House, was a Washington city councillor.

36TJ bought this polygraph as a gift for the Comte de Volney (TJ to C.F.C. Volney, 8 Feb. 1805; C. W. Peale invoice, undated, MHi at 28 Jan. 1805). Charles Willson Peale was in Washington to promote the polygraph. His son Rembrandt had accompanied him and painted his second life portrait of TJ from three sittings at the end of January (Bush, Life Portraits, p. 70-3 description begins Alfred L. Bush, “The Life Portraits of Thomas Jefferson,” Jefferson and the Arts: An Extended View, ed. William Howard Adams, Washington, D.C., 1976 description ends ).

37Correctly $302.18.

38In 1804 Dufief had sent TJ two copies of a London edition of a Greek and Latin New Testament, two copies of a New Testament in English, and six copies of his own revolutionary method for learning languages, Nature Displayed (Philadelphia, 1804). TJ had assembled editions of the New Testament in order to compile “The Philosophy of Jesus,” completed in Mch. 1804 (Dufief to TJ, 3 Feb. 1805; Sowerby, No. 4819 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ; Dickinson W. Adams, ed., Jefferson’s Extracts from the Gospels [Princeton, N.J., 1983]; for TJ’s interest in Dufief’s method, see J. M. Carrière, “Mr. Jefferson Sponsors a New French Method,” The French Review, xix [1946], 394-405). Vincent Ducombe was a Philadelphia general merchant at 58 Walnut Street (Phila. Dir. 1804 description begins Philadelphia Directory, issued annually with varying imprints description ends ).

39 Thomas Tudor Tucker (1745-1828) was Treasurer of the United States from 1801 until his death.

40 Thomas W. Pairo was a general merchant at the “west corner of the Seven Buildings” at Nineteenth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue (Washington National Intelligencer, 19 Dec. 1804).

41 Alexander Smith was one of the twelve original members of First Baptist Church of Alexandria, organized in 1803 with Jeremiah Moore as pastor. The first meeting house has since been several times superseded (Broadside, “History of the First Baptist Church” [Alexandria, Va., 1980], Monticello Archives).

42This pipe of dry Pajarete wine was received in Dec. 1804 and sent to Monticello for aging. General James Jackson (1757-1806) was at this time a Republican senator from Georgia (Josef Yznardy to TJ, 14 Sep. 1804; TJ to Yznardy, 19 July 1804, 29 Mch. 1806; Jackson to TJ, 1 Mch. 1805).

43TJ delivered his second inaugural address on this date (Malone, Jefferson, v, 3-9 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ).

44This was the widow of TJ’s old gardener Robert Bailey, who had died of a bilious fever in Aug. 1804 (Étienne Lemaire to TJ, 17 Sep. 1804).

45 Isaac A. Coles (1780-1841), son of John Coles II of Albemarle County, acted as TJ’s private secretary during William A. Burwell’s absences in the winters of 1804/5 and 1805/6. He held the position from Oct. 1806 until the end of TJ’s second term. He then returned to live at Enniscorthy, which he inherited from his father (Woods, Albemarle, p. 173; Norfleet, Saint-Mémin, p. 156 description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. Bridgewater, Va., n.d. description ends ).

46This wine purchase for Monticello included 147 bottles of port and 53 bottles of ten-year-old Bucelas, a once famous golden wine produced just north of Lisbon. John F. Oliveira Fernandes was a Portuguese physician and merchant in Norfolk, Virginia (TJ to Fernandes, 4 Jan. 1805; Oliveira Fernandes & Co. to TJ, 24 Jan. 1805).

47 Mathew Carey had sold TJ a “Greek Testament,” perhaps the first American edition of 1800, and an 1804 Philadelphia edition of the Bible (Sowerby, Nos. 1472, 1486 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ; Carey to TJ, 20 Feb. 1805).

48The six titles TJ received from Patrick Byrne, Philadelphia bookseller at 182 Market Street, are listed in TJ to Byrne, 14 Feb. 1805, and Byrne to TJ, 22 Feb. 1805 (Sowerby, Nos. 387, 388, 803, 1337, 2109, 2772 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

49 Robert Harrison repaired three polygraph pens (Harrison invoice, 28 Feb. 1805, MHi).

50 Alexander Hepburn was a Washington gardener and nurseryman.

51With this purchase of 4,000 Washington thorn plants (Crataegus phaenopyrum Med.) TJ initiated an effort to create extensive live fences at Monticello; his only moderate success can be followed in Betts, Garden Book description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Garden Book, ed. Edwin M. Betts, Philadelphia, 1944 description ends (Thomas Main to Joseph Dougherty, 13 Mch. 1805; Dougherty to TJ, 22 Mch. 1805). Main, the champion of the Washington thorn for American hedges, had a nursery above Georgetown near the Little Falls of the Potomac (Bryan, National Capital, i, 597 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

52 Edgar Patterson, a Georgetown merchant, was the owner from 1805 to 1811 of the paper mill on Rock Creek below the present P Street Bridge (Bryan, National Capital, i, 530 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

53 Burnett & Rigden, probably Charles A. Burnett, the Georgetown silversmith, and John E. Rigden, a watchmaker who later settled in Baltimore (Cutten, Silversmiths, p. 7-9 description begins George Barton Cutten, The Silversmiths of Virginia, Richmond, 1952 description ends ).

54For James Madison’s subscription to the Richmond Enquirer (TJ to George Jefferson, 10 Feb. 1805).

55 Thaddeus Norris operated the ordinary at Fauquier Courthouse, now Warrenton (Fauquier County Court Minute Book, 1805-1806, Fauquier County Courthouse, Warrenton, Va.).

56The keeper of the ordinary at Culpeper Courthouse was Benjamin Shackelford (Shackelford to TJ, 17 Jan. 1813).

57 Richard Barry, painter and glazier, had been recommended to TJ by Peter Lenox. Considered by TJ “a most capital hand,” he was at Monticello intermittently from 1805 to 1808, painting the house, graining its interior doors, and glazing the sash. In the intervals when he was not at Monticello, Barry worked at the President’s House and the Capitol (Lenox to TJ, 23 Mch. 1805; TJ to James Oldham, 23 Feb. 1806; TJ to James Dinsmore, 28 June 1807).

58Now Jeffersonton, located in Culpeper County about eleven miles northeast of Culpeper.

59 James Sangster kept a Fairfax County ordinary in 1805. According to a TJ MS map, it was located five miles from Bull Run, probably somewhere to the southeast of present Clifton (Fairfax County Personal Property Tax List, 1805, Vi; TJ map, DLC: 41695).

60Correctly $3.50 per servant per week.

61TJ paid for two copies of a duodecimo New Testament (TJ to Mathew Carey, 7 Mch. 1805; Carey to TJ, 19 Mch. 1805).

62The movement to establish public elementary schools in Washington began in 1805 with the formation of the Permanent Institution for the Education of Youth; TJ was named president of its board of trustees. Two schools, the western academy near the President’s House and the eastern academy near the Capitol, opened in 1806, but by 1812 this early program of public education was languishing for lack of support (Bryan, National Capital, i, 478-85 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

63 Ebenezer Thompson and William C. Price, The History of our Blessed Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, published in Wilmington in 1805 by the Rev. William Pryce (Sowerby, No. 1493 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

64 Isaac (b. 1768) was a farm laborer and carter at Monticello. Charles (b. 1785) was a farm laborer at Lego. He and Aggy (1789-1815) had one child Polly (b. 1810).

65Cathalan’s bill was for one hundred bottles of white Hermitage wine and assorted Mediterranean foodstuffs (Cathalan to TJ, 8 Dec. 1804; TJ to Cathalan, 5 May 1805).

66 William Thornton (1759-1828), architect of the Capitol, had been appointed by TJ clerk in the State Department in charge of patents in 1802.

67Christ Episcopal Church, still standing at present 622 G. Street, S.E., was designed in the Gothic style by Benjamin H. Latrobe. When it opened in 1807, pew No. 42 was reserved for the President (Henry Ingle to TJ, 6 Oct. 1807; Bryan, National Capital, i, 602 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

68The horse TJ received by this exchange was Jacobin, a saddle horse. TJ wrote that he “was never better pleased with a riding horse. . . . It is now really a luxury to me to ride” (TJ to JWE, 27 May 1805).

69Correctly $208.21. TJ changed the “provns.” figure for the week of 18 May, correcting all the affected totals except this one.

70Six pair black morocco and four pair calfskin slippers and two pair calfskin shoes (Richard Gaines invoice, 20 May 1805, MHi).

71 John Taggart, Philadelphia merchant at 7 North Water Street and 76 South Sixth Street, supplied TJ with 500 pounds of unground white lead (TJ to Taggart, 2 May 1805; Taggart to TJ, 17 May 1805; Phila. Dir. 1804 description begins Philadelphia Directory, issued annually with varying imprints description ends ). Subsequent paint purchases for Monticello are itemized in the TJ-Taggart correspondence.

72For the eight French titles TJ bought from P. and C. Roche, Philadelphia booksellers at 53 Walnut Street, see Roches frères to TJ, 18, 20 May, 4 June 1805, TJ to Roches frères, 17 May, 1 June 1805, and Sowerby description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends index. Subsequent book purchases from Roches frères are itemized in their correspondence with TJ.

73These duties were on three wine shipments: the Bordeaux wines from William Lee paid for in 1806; a pipe of Arruda for Monticello from William Jarvis in Lisbon; and one hundred bottles of a Tuscan wine, Vino del Carmine, from Thomas Appleton (MB 15 Dec. 1806; David Gelston to TJ, 22 Mch., 4 Apr. 1805; Jarvis to TJ, 25 Nov. 1804; TJ to Jarvis, 6 July 1805; Appleton to TJ, 24 Dec. 1804, 1 Feb. 1805).

74 Thomas Eston Randolph, son of TJ’s expatriate uncle William Randolph, was married to Jane Cary Randolph, TMR’s sister. By the end of 1803 they were living at Glenmore across the Rivanna River from Milton and about 1810 they moved to nearby Ashton, which was on Carroll’s Creek and adjoined TJ’s Pouncey’s property. MJR described her cousin in 1804 as “a man of the purest heart and most amiable temper in the world” (MJR to TJ, 14 Jan. 1804; Rawlings, Ante-bellum Albemarle, p. 71 description begins Mary Rawlings, Ante-bellum Albemarle: Albemarle County, Virginia, Charlottesville, Va., 1935 description ends ; Woods, Albemarle, p. 303 description begins Edgar Woods, Albemarle County in Virginia, 1901, repr. Bridgewater, Va., n.d. description ends ).

75 Gilbert Stuart’s gouache “medallion profile” portrait of TJ, now at the Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, was a great favorite in TJ’s family and TJ wrote that it was “deemed the best which has been taken of me.” It hung in the President’s House and, after 1809, in the parlor at Monticello, probably between the portraits of John Adams and James Madison (TJ to Horatio Spafford, 21 Feb. 1815; Bush, Life Portraits, p. 76-80 description begins Alfred L. Bush, “The Life Portraits of Thomas Jefferson,” Jefferson and the Arts: An Extended View, ed. William Howard Adams, Washington, D.C., 1976 description ends ; Orland Campbell, “Notes on the Medallion Portrait of Jefferson by Stuart,” typescript, Monticello Archives).

76TJ was paying the subscription price of Bishop James Madison’s map of Virginia, which was not published until 1807. “Mr. Davies” may be William Davis, who was Madison’s draftsman for this map, the standard map of Virginia until the nine-sheet Böÿe map of 1827 (MB 21 July 1807; E. G. Swem, “Maps Relating to Virginia,” Bulletin Virginia State Library, vii [1914], 84-6).

77 Thomas Davis, a Georgetown blacksmith, made for TJ a machine, based on the coffee mill principle, for grinding plaster for use as a soil dressing (Davis invoice, 5 July 1805, MHi; Charles W. Peale to TJ, 2 May 1815; TJ to Peale, 13 June 1815; Nichols, No. 567 description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Architectural Drawings, ed. Frederick D. Nichols, 4th ed., Charlottesville, Va., 1978 description ends ).

78This is one half the “provns.” figure, which was too small for the usual $38.50 servants’ meals deduction.

79 Benjamin King’s undated “Account of Work & materials for Making 1. Fire Engine for the President” (MHi) reveals that this fire engine had a wooden box, brass cylinders, and a copper air vessel. King was a blacksmith and plumber at the Navy Yard.

80Lenox had had turned for Oldham 115 parts for Corinthian modillions (Oldham to TJ, 30 June 1805; TJ to Oldham, 10 July 1805).

81TJ was paying for a polygraph he had had made as a gift for Commodore Edward Preble, who had given TJ a hogshead of Marsala wine (TJ to Peale, 9 June 1805; TJ to Preble, 6 July 1805; Peale to TJ, 25 June 1805; Malone, Jefferson, v, 37-9 description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ).

82An entry lantern, two brass mantle lamps, and diaper for tablecloths were sent to Monticello (TJ to Thomas Claxton, 26 May 1805; Claxton to TJ, 1 June 1805; Caldcleugh & Thomas receipted invoice, 30 May 1805, MHi).

83 John Cox was a merchant on High Street, Georgetown (Washington Federalist, 19 Mch. 1802). Cox’s receipted invoice, 9 July 1805, for five yards lace muslin is in MHi.

84Probably inkstand.

85Correctly $127.83.

86TJ took this route via Occoquan in order to investigate, for public benefit, the shortest route through Virginia to the southern states (TJ to Nathaniel Ellicott, 7 July 1805).

87TJ went to Poplar Forest to lay out a tract of land from his Bedford County holdings for his Eppes grandchildren. While there he undoubtedly gave consideration to his plans for the dwelling house which was begun in 1806 (Malone, Jefferson, v, 30; see note 96 below description begins Dumas Malone, Jefferson and His Time, Boston, 1948-1981, 6 vols. description ends ).

88There were two Flood’s ordinaries on TJ’s route to Poplar Forest. Here he probably paid Major Henry Flood, who kept a tavern just northwest of Old Appomattox Courthouse on present State Route 24. Noah Flood’s tavern was on the same road in Buckingham County, about six miles southwest of present Buckingham. John Flood, who appears in the 1807 MB, may have been Noah Flood’s predecessor (TJ memorandum of mileages to Poplar Forest, undated, ViU; Buckingham County Personal Property List, 1810, 1815, Vi).

89 Robert Hunter’s ordinary was also on Route 24 near present Concord on the Campbell-Appomattox County line (TJ memorandum of mileages, ViU; Campbell County Personal Property List, 1815, 1818, Vi).

90The Raleigh, an ordinary kept by Daniel Guerrant, was located just west of present Buckingham in Buckingham County (TJ memorandum of mileages, ViU; Buckingham County Personal Property List, 1813, Vi).

91 Cretia (b. 1779) and her children were bought from the departing overseer Gabriel Lilly. Her husband was TJ’s slave James (b. 1776), the son of Isabel and Davy. He was a farm foreman at Monticello (Bear, Jefferson at Monticello, p. 51 description begins Jefferson at Monticello, ed. James A. Bear, Jr., Charlottesville, Va., 1967 description ends ).

92 John Holmes Freeman of Culpeper County had been recommended to TJ by John Strode. Persistent ill health kept him confined to his house for most of the single year of his management of Monticello (TJ to Freeman, 8 July 1807).

93This slave, who does not appear in TJ’s Farm Book description begins Thomas Jefferson’s “Farm Book,” 1774-1826. Reproduced in facsimile in Betts, Farm Book. MHi description ends , is probably the Martin who was a wagoner and briefly miller at TJ’s Shadwell toll mill (TJ to Edmund Bacon, 28 Dec. 1806; Bear, Jefferson at Monticello, p. 53 description begins Jefferson at Monticello, ed. James A. Bear, Jr., Charlottesville, Va., 1967 description ends ).

94Millwright James Walker was responsible for installing the machinery in TJ’s Shadwell toll and manufacturing mills (Betts, Farm Book, p. 353 ff. description begins Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, ed. Edwin M. Betts, Princeton, N.J., 1953 description ends ).

95 John Neilson (d. 1827), a housejoiner from Philadelphia and “an honest, sober, and excellent man,” worked with James Dinsmore at Monticello until 1809. He was later employed by James Madison at Montpelier and at the University of Virginia (TJ to B. H. Latrobe, 11 May 1815; AlCWB, ix, 205 description begins Albemarle County Will Books, Albemarle County Courthouse, Charlottesville, Va. description ends ; Bruce, University of Virginia, ii, 192-3 description begins Philip A. Bruce, History of the University of Virginia, 1819-1919, New York, 1920-1922, 5 vols. description ends ).

96 Hugh Chisholm went to Poplar Forest to make preparations for brick production and foundation work for the dwelling house TJ was designing for his Bedford County retreat. The foundation was laid in the summer of 1806 and Chisholm completed the major masonry work on the building by the fall of 1808 (see Frederick D. Nichols, “Jefferson’s Retreat: Poplar Forest,” The Iron Worker, xxxviii, No. 2 [1974], 2-13).

97The causeway connecting Analostan (now Theodore Roosevelt) Island with the Virginia shore was built in 1805 under the direction of TJ’s acquaintance, Thomas Moore of Maryland. It became part of the main post road from Washington to Alexandria, but failed to effect the clearing of the Potomac below the island as its sponsors had hoped (Bryan, National Capital, i, 496 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

98This was for travel expenses of MJR and her children, who arrived in Washington on 2 Dec. for a five-month stay (TJ to MJR, 7 Nov. 1805). TMR, who had been a member of the House of Representatives since 1803, accompanied her.

99Expenses of sending a box of acorns and seeds to Madame de Tessé in France (TJ to Robert Purviance, 27 Oct. 1805; TJ to William Patterson, 27 Oct. 1805).

1This total is 33¢ more than the sum of the given figures. TJ evidently failed to transcribe the complete amount for Michael Hope, which, converted from the £82 of 27 Sep., would be $273.33.

2 Dolley Madison in Philadelphia had been commissioned to buy for MJR combs, a bonnet, a shawl, handkerchiefs, and “a fashionable wig” (TJ to Mrs. Madison, 29 Oct. 1805).

3The civil engineer and geographer William Tatham (1752-1819) had imported this camera obscura for TJ from London (MB 3 Jan. 1794; Tatham to TJ, 15 June 1805; Learmonths & Berry to Tatham, 19 Aug. 1805, DLC: TJ Papers).

4Present Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia.

5The bulk of the articles sent TJ by Meriwether Lewis from the upper Missouri River had arrived in Washington during the summer while TJ was at Monticello. For a description of the articles and TJ’s disposition of them, see Jackson, Letters of Lewis and Clark, i, 231-42, 252-6, 260-1, 263-4, 267-9 description begins Donald Jackson, ed., Letters of the Lewis and Clark Expedition with Related Documents 1783-1854, 2d ed., Urbana, Ill., 1978, 2 vols. description ends .

6TJ had ordered the Marsala wine in May, wishing to try a wine that was “beginning to obtain credit here from it’s resemblance to that of Madeira” (TJ to William Higgins, 5 May 1805).

7From this week until his May visit to Monticello TJ used the figure $45.00 instead of $38.50 as a deduction for the weekly cost of the servants’ meals. Extra servants were probably in the President’s household because of the visit of MJR and her family.

8TJ evidently failed to transcribe a $2 figure into the servants’ column, as both this total and the total for the week of 7 Dec. are $2 too high.

9Correctly $680.63; TJ used the correct total on 10 Jan. 1806.

10The surveying instrument TJ had commissioned Thomas Freeman (d. 1831) to purchase for him was what would be called today a circumferentor; it was eight inches in diameter and had four sighting vanes (TJ to Freeman, 16 Nov. 1805; TJ MS list of “Mathematical Apparatus,” MHi). Freeman had been in Philadelphia making preparations for the Red River exploring expedition initiated by TJ (Jackson, Jefferson and the Stony Mountains, p. 226-41 description begins Donald Jackson, Thomas Jefferson and the Stony Mountains, Chicago, 1981 description ends ).

11TJ was paying for £29–16 worth of goods from the firm of W. & S. Jones, London, plus freight and duty charges. The books were John Baxter’s history of England, two books of essays by the mathematical instrument maker George Adams, and a treatise on brewing; the maps were Aaron Arrowsmith’s of Europe, Asia, and Africa and Olmedilla’s of South America; and the instruments included a pair of globes and a telescope for TJ’s equatorial (TJ to William Tunnicliff, 25 Apr., 19 May 1805; W. & S. Jones invoice, 23 July 1805, MoSHi; Sowerby, Nos. 405, 1206, 3718, 3797, 3843, 3857 description begins E. Millicent Sowerby, comp., Catalogue of the Library of Thomas Jefferson, Washington, D.C., 1952-1959, 6 vols. description ends ).

12Most of these charges were for the shipment of 473 bottles of Montepulciano wine from Thomas Appleton at Leghorn (Appleton to TJ, 1 May 1805; Gelston to TJ, 23 July, 2 Nov. 1805).

13TJ’s ticket purchases of 14 and 18 Dec. cannot with certainty be linked to the performances of this period, which occurred on 13, 17, and 19 Dec. For the programs on those dates, see Washington National Intelligencer, 13, 16, 18 Dec. 1805. The Washington Theater had opened in Nov. 1804 at the corner of Eleventh and C streets, N.W. Performances began at six o’clock (Bryan, National Capital, i, 520 description begins Wilhelmus B. Bryan, A History of the National Capital, New York, 1914-16, 2 vols. description ends ).

14TJ’s slave James Hubbard (b. 1783) had run away from Monticello and been jailed at Fairfax Courthouse (MB 19 Jan. 1806; TJ to Daniel Bradley, 6 Oct. 1805).

15For books from J. P. Reibelt (TJ to Reibelt, 31 Dec. 1805).

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