George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, August 1774

Cash Accounts

[August 1774]

Cash
Augt  1— To Ditto [cash] recd from Mr Frans Whiting1 [£] 10. 0.0
To Ditto recd from Mr Thos Newton 64. 0.0
 
10— To Cash for a Bushel of Meal 0. 2.62
16— To Ditto recd from Doctr [James] Craik for a Wilton Carpet bot at Colo. [George William] Fairfax’s Sale 8.10.0
23— To Cash recd from Adam Lynn for Colo. Fx3 0.18.0
27— To Ditto recd from Captn Conway4 150. 0.0
Contra
Augt  1— By Cash paid Doctr [John] Baker 1. 0.0
By hair powder 0. 1.6
6— By Doctr [William] Pasteur for Sundry Medicines 0. 7.9
By Mr [John] Carter for 6 Pullies 0. 1.6
By Mr Jefferson’s Bill of Rights5 0. 3.9
By Mr [Alexander] Craig Sadler’s Acct 0. 8.0
By 2 Dinners & Clubs at Mrs [Christiana] Campbells 0.12.6
By Servants eating at [James] Southall’s 0. 8.1 1/2
By Do Mr [John Parke] Custis’s 0. 5.0
By the Printers for the Association Papers6 0.12.0
7— By my Board at Mr [Edward] Charltons 1.10.0
By Mr Custis’s Do 1.10.0
By Servants 0. 1.3
By Expences at the King Wm Court Ho. 0.10.7
9— By Expences at Todds Bridge 0.13.6
By Cash paid my Mother 20. 0.0
By Exps. at [Wiley] Roy’s Ordy 0. 7.6
10— By Servants 0. 1.3
By Ferriages at [James] Hunters 0. 4.3
By Expences at [Charles] Tylers 0. 8.0
By Cash pd for 972 Bls of Oyster shells @ 18/ 8.13.8
By Do for 1 Bushl of Oysters 0. 1.3
By Ditto to Mrs Washington 0. 7.6
13— By Ditto pd for 181 Bls of Oyster shells @ 18/ 1.13.0
 
15— By Willm Copan puttg my Cypher on my Pew in Pohick Church 0.10.0
By Do puttg Colo. Fairfax’s on his Pew7 0.15.0
16— By Cash pd Colo. Thos Ludwell [Lee] for a Card Table wch he bot at Colo. Fairfax’s Sale & let me have8 4. 0.0
17— By Ditto paid John Alton 6. 0.0
By Mr Going Lanphire9 0. 6.0
By Cash lent Miles Richardson10 1.10.0
21— By Charity 0. 6.0
By Butter Boats 2/6 Water Mellens 1/3 0. 3.9
By Cash sent Mr Thos Everard to hasten the Patenting of my Lands on the Ohio 3. 0.0
27— By Ditto paid Wm Roberts11 20. 0.0
30— By Ditto sent Gilbert Simpson pr his Son £200 Pensa. equal to12 160. 0.0
By Ditto paid Mr Isaac Hobday for building a Rolling Machine13 6.10.014

AD, Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 120–21.

1GW’s Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends reads: “To Cash recd of Mr Frans Whiting on Acct of Rent by the hands of Thos Whiting.”

2Immediately after this entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends GW has recorded: “To 1 Hhd of Rent Tobo Recd from Saml Halley SH No. 4[—]1064[—]99[—]965.”

3GW’s Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends adds: “on Acct of things sold at Colo. Fairfax’s Sale—wch credit Colo. Fairfax with.”

4According to the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , this was “recd from Captn Richd Conway—viz. 308 Md Papr Dollars [and] 192 silvr Do” for a total of “500 @ 6/. Note the above silvr Dollars were changd with Mr Richd Harrison for Paper ones who is to return them again for Paper ones.”

5Thomas Jefferson’s A Summary View of the Rights of British America was printed on Clementina Rind’s press probably about 8 Aug., after the convention adjourned on 6 August. See Van Schreeven and Scribner, Revolutionary Virginia description begins William J. Van Schreeven et al., eds. Revolutionary Virginia: The Road to Independence. A Documentary Record. 7 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1973–83. description ends , 1:240–56.

6Clementina Rind’s press printed about two thousand copies of a broadside containing the Virginia Association that was signed in convention on 6 August. This Association served as a model for the one adopted by the First Continental Congress on 20 October. For a description of the passage and printing of the Virginia Association and the text, see ibid., 230–35.

7In his account with George William Fairfax, GW indicated that the “Cypher” cost “5/ a Letter” (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 66). For the building of the new church at Pohick and GW’s purchase of a pew, see Minutes of Truro Parish Vestry, 21 Sept. 1769, and notes to that document, and Cash Accounts, February 1774, n.16.

8GW indicates in his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends that this should be Col. Thomas Ludwell Lee. For the sale of the Belvoir furnishings, see Francis Willis, Jr., to GW, 2 June 1774, and GW to George William Fairfax, 10–15 June 1774, n.25.

9In the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends GW indicates that this money was “to pay Jas. Boyd.”

10This was written off as a loss after the Revolution (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 116).

11GW added in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends : “pr Thos Alferds Rect.”

12GW added in his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends : “by his son Thos on Acct of my Mill Exps.”

13This “Rolling Machine” is undoubtedly the newly designed threshing machine for which the Virginia Society for the Advancement of Useful Knowledge gave inventor John Hobday a medal and reward at their meeting in June 1774 (see Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 3:256, and Cash Accounts, June, n.14). On 19 Nov. 1772 John Hobday placed a notice in the Virginia Gazette (Purdie and Dixon; Williamsburg) asking that “some Gentlemen in every County set on Foot a Subscription for raising such Sums as they may think the Invention” of his new threshing machine deserved. The machine, which separated wheat from straw, would “beat out a Hundred and twenty Bushels a Day, with three Horses, or in that Proportion with a greater or less Number.” He claimed the new machine could be made “by any tolerable Carpenter” for £15 at most, “and if made by Gentlemens own Servants will not exceed twenty Shillings.” Thomas Nelson, David Jameson, Jaquelin Ambler, and John Page of Rosewell signed a statement indicating they had examined a model of the threshing machine and believed it would serve the purpose. On 2 Dec. 1773 John Hobday inserted a notice in the same newspaper informing the public that he would set out in April to the James and York river area to give instructions to those who intended to erect his wheat machines. His brother Isaac Hobday would go to “Counties on Rappahannock and Potowmack Rivers” to do the same. There followed a list of the lumber needed for building the machine, including a platform for it which was to be used with four horses, or could be modified for two horses. Among the materials needed were “4 Rollers 3 Feet 6 Inches long, and 18 Inches Diameter, of Gum, Oak or Walnut.” On 19 May 1774 a petition was presented by Hobday in the House of Burgesses asking for a reward for “his Endeavors to serve the Community,” and on 20 May a sum of £100 was voted for Hobday’s use (JHB, 1773–76 description begins H. R. McIlwaine and John Pendleton Kennedy, eds. Journals of the House of Burgesses of Virginia. 13 vols. Richmond, 1905–15. description ends , 111–12, 116–17).

14Under the date of 14 Aug. in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , GW listed £477.5.3 as his “Cash on hand this day.” Among other entries, dated 23 Aug. and not recorded in his cash accounts, are: “Charge Mr Hugh Hamilton with a Servt Man named Willm Orr al[ia]s Cunningham . . . 15.00[,] Charge Captn Conway with 1545½ Bushl of Indn Corn deld Cap: Ths Conway @ 2/ also with 1200 Bushl deliverd formerly at Do,” and “Charge Mr Willm Herbert with 4 dozn of Claret (pr his Letter) furnishd for the Boat Race [at Clifton’s ferry] in May last @ 48/ Maryld Cy pr dozn.” For the boat race, see Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 3:248–49.

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