George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, June 1774

Cash Accounts

[June 1774]

Cash
June 6— To Ditto [cash] Ditto [won at cards] [£] 0.12. 6
7— To Ditto Ditto 1.10. 0
10— To Ditto of Mr Thos Prosser—Intt of his Bond1 7. 5. 9
11— To Cash recd from Jno. Randolph Esqr. to be allowd in Acct with Jas Hill viz. 9 Guineas @ 26/ 11.14. 0
13— To Cash won at Cards 5. 5. 0
14— To Ditto recd from Mr Chas Yates for Wm Wrights part of the cost of Surveying & Patenting Land under the Proclamation of 17542 11. 5. 7
16— To Cash recd from Colo. Geo: Brooke for one years Intt of Phil. W: Claibornes Bond 14. 0. 0
To Cash recd from Mr James Hill to be allowed at Settlement 147. 1. 3
Also received from Mr Hill the further Sum of 38. 0. 0
To Cash won at Cards 1. 0. 0
18— To Ditto recd from Carter Braxton Esqr. Interest of his Bond3 52.10. 0
To Ditto recd from Mr Wm Dandridge on acct of Intt for his Bond4 23. 0. 0
29— To Ditto recd from Peter Gaulat5 10. 0. 0
To Ditto recd from Patrick Lynch for Fish6 3. 9. 0
To Ditto recd from Mr Wm Milner for Do viz. 30 Barls @ 15/7 22.10. 0
To Cash of Mr James Hill pr Colo. Fielding Lewis 50. 0. 0
 
To Ditto of Mr Littleton Savage pr Do on Acct of Giles Cook & for the use of Colo. George Fairfax8 50. 0. 0
To Ditto of Willm Fitzhugh Esqr. on acct of Rent 22.10. 0
To Ditto of Colo. Fieldg Lewis 49. 1. 1
To Cash of Mr James Hill in a Bill of Exchange from Colo. [John] Syme £200.0.0 20 prCt Excha. 509 250. 0. 0
Contra
June 1— By Club at Mrs [Jane] Vobes10 0. 5. 3
By Cash lent Mrs [Elizabeth] Dawson 2. 0. 0
2— By Ditto pd Colo. [George] Muse’s order to Colo. [Edmund] Pendleton 20. 0. 0
4— By Cash lost at Cards 0. 3. 0
6— By Club at Richd Charltons 0. 6. 0
By Ditto at [Robert] Andersons 0. 4. 3
By Charity 0. 6. 0
By Horse Farrier 0. 6. 0
8— By Charity 0. 5. 0
By Club at Andersons 0. 5. 0
10— By Mr Thos Pleasants freight of 4 Pipes of Wine for Mr Custis11 8. 0. 0
By Cards 5.15. 0
By Club at [James Barrett] Southalls 0. 5. 0
By Charity 0. 6. 0
By Cash paid for seeing the Fireworks 0. 3. 9
13— By Charity 0. 1. 6
By Club at Andersons 0. 5. 0
14— By Charity 1. 5. 0
By Club at Andersons 0. 5. 0
By Cards 2.10. 0
By Cash paid Doct. [John] Baker 0.15. 0
15— By a pr of black Silk Stockings 1. 6. 0
By a pair of Garters for Mr Custis 0. 1. 3
By Henleys defence agt the cha. of Heresy12 0. 2. 6
By the Marquis D’Aubarede13 0. 1. 3
By my Subscriptn to the Society for promoting useful knowledge14 1. 0. 0
16— By Cash pd Benj. Harrison Junr Esqr. for 2 Kegs of French Brandy15 5.10. 0
By Club at Andersons 0. 5. 0
 
17— By Cash paid Mr Alexr Craik for a Soldr Right to Land undr the Procln of 176316 2.10. 0
By Ditto pd Do for Sadlers work 0. 7. 6
By Blank Bonds & Bills for Colo. [George William] Fairfax17 0. 5. 0
By Plumbs and Eye Water18 0. 2. 6
18— By Dinner & Club, & Suppr & Club at Anderson’s 0.10. 0
By Mr [Edward] Charltons Acct for Board &ca 14.17. 0
By Mrs [Jane Hunter] Charltons Acct agt Mrs Washington 5. 5. 0
By Ditto against Mr Custis 13.12. 8
By Ditto against Miss [Eleanor] Calvert19 1. 6. 6
By my Club and Expens. at Mrs [Christiana] Campbells 2.16. 1
By Miss [Mary] Davenports acct agt Mrs Washingtn 1. 3. 3
By Ditto agt Mr Custis 1.15. 3
By Mr Peale Setting Picture20 1.16. 0
By Servants at Mr Charltons 0. 5. 0
20— By Ditto at Colo. [Burwell] Bassetts 0.10. 0
By Cash to Mrs Washington 0.10. 0
By Exps. at Todds Bridge 0.14. 7
21— By Ditto at [Benjamin] Hubbards 0.11.10
By Servants 0. 3. 9
By Expences at Roys Ordy21 0. 7. 6
22— By Ferriage at Fredericksburg 0. 4. 3
By Expences at Tylers22 0. 7. 6
25— By Edwd Williams 1.14. 2
By William Williams23 0.13. 6
28— By Mrs Young Captn [Philip] Curtis’s order Far[me]r24 3.12. 8
By the Annapolis Printer for Colo. Fx25 2. 8. 0
29— By Peter Gaulat for Mr Custis26 1.15. 0
By Mr Wm Milner for a Horse 21. 0. 0
By Thos Triplet 236.19. 5
By Mr Wm Triplett27 61. 1.10
By Cash paid Captn Curtis Brig. Farmer 37. 0. 0
By Ditto paid Peter Luke—waggoner 6. 0. 0
By Ditto paid Mabra Madden28 6. 0. 0
By Ditto paid Mr Thos Fleming 7.18. 029
29— By Charity 2. 8. 0
 
30— By Cash given away 2. 8. 0
By Do paid Mr [Hector] Ross my assumsit to P. Richd Lee in behalf of Alexr Cleveland30 50. 0. 0
By Captn Bronaughs order in favr of Mr Thomson Mason31 50. 0. 0
By Mr Thomas Triplets order in favr of Jno. & Geo: Fowler 60. 0. 0
By Colo. [Fielding] Lewis for my half of the Balle due Marmaduke Norfleet32 23. 0. 0
By Cash pd Colo. [John] Syme for a Bill of Excha. for Colo. Fairfax of £200 Stg33 250. 0. 0

AD, Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 112, 115, 117.

1The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends adds “Interest of his Bond. Miss Custis.” See Memorandum, 27 April 1772, n.7.

2On 24 July 1784 Charles Yates wrote Dr. Peter Wright in Glasgow giving him copies of GW’s account of the charges of £11.4.7 to the heirs of William Wright for Wright’s claim to land under Dinwiddie’s Proclamation of 1754, of GW’s receipt dated 14 June 1774, and of GW’s certificate that Wright’s heir was “intituled by Patent to himself and others, bearing Date Decbr 1773 to 2500 Acres, which Patent is for a Tract of 21,941 Acres of Land on a Creek called Pokitellico, a branch of the great Canhawa or new River, and about 30 Miles from the Mouth thereof in Bottetourt County” (anonymous donor). See GW to Lord Dunmore and Council, c.3 Nov. 1773.

3The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends adds: “by the hands of Mr Charlton for a yrs Intt due June 1773 Miss Custis.”

4The entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends for 20 June adds: “by Josh Davenport in part of Intt—Miss Custis.”

5See Indenture with Peter Gollatt, 19 Mar. 1770. The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends adds “pr Lund Washington.” See entry under Contra.

6The entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends adds “pr L. W—n.”

7See entry under Contra.

8Under the date of July in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , GW indicates this was for rent. A Giles Cooke (Cook) died in Berkeley County circa 1799.

9See entry under Contra.

10The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends reads: “By Club at Mrs Vobes at supper, & Punch at Southalls.”

11The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends adds that this is “Madeira wine” and is to be charged to him.

12A Candid Refutation of the Heresy Imputed by Ro. C. Nicholas Esquire to the Reverend S. Henley, a seventy-two-page pamphlet, was published in Williamsburg in 1774 by Samuel Henley (1740–1815), professor of moral philosophy at the College of William and Mary. A lengthy and impassioned correspondence between Henley and Robert Carter Nicholas appeared in the newspapers for about a year before Henley’s pamphlet appeared. See Purdie and Dixon’s newspapers for 13, 20 May, supplement, 3 June 1773, 24 Feb., 31 Mar., 12 May 1774, and Dixon and Hunter’s newspaper for 25 Feb. 1775.

13Guillaume-Claude d’Aubarède (1717–1795), comte de Laval and baron de Chamousset, was known as the marquis d’Aubarède. The Virginia Gazette (Purdie and Dixon; Williamsburg) of 2 June 1774 carried a long advertisement, for “THE singular and very affecting Case of the Marquis D’AUBAREDE, humbly addressed to the People of England.” It related in detail d’Aubarède’s misfortunes in France and Spain, and later in England where he was imprisoned for debt for several years after being first encouraged and later repudiated by Lord Shelburne and his secretary Lauchlin Macleane in the promotion of a commercial scheme in Mexico. The advertisement ends: “In these unhappy Circumstances, he has thrown himself on the benevolent Publick, and has now no other Prospect, unless relieved by them, but perishing in the Face of the English Nation, with his ruined Family, and ending his Days in a loathsome Prison, for Debts which Necessity has forced him to contract for their Support.” The book, or pamphlet, was advertised at 1s. 3d., the amount GW records here. D’Aubarède himself was never in Virginia. He returned about this time from England to France where he promoted various schemes and sought a pension from the French government. The book advertised is probably the State of the Services of the Marquis d’Aubarede, printed in London in 1771. For d’Aubarède’s career, see Dictionnaire de biographie française, ed. J. Balteau, M. Barroux, and M. Prevost (Paris, 1933—).

14At the meeting of the Virginia Society for the Advancement of Useful Knowledge on this date, John Page (1743–1808) of Rosewell was chosen president to replace the deceased John Clayton. A “pecuniary Reward, and Medal” were voted to John Hobday, a Virginian, “for his Model of a very ingenious and useful Machine for threshing out Wheat” (Virginia Gazette [Purdie and Dixon; Williamsburg], 16 June 1774). See also Cash Accounts, August, n.13. For the formation of the society, see Cash Accounts, November 1773, n.4.

15Benjamin Harrison, Jr. (d. 1799), was the son of the elder Benjamin Harrison of Berkeley, delegate to the Continental Congress. Young Harrison was given a mercantile education and later was a merchant in Richmond.

16Alexander Craig undoubtedly was acting as agent for one of the soldiers. He earlier had been recommended by GW to act as an agent for John Polson, heir of William Polson (see GW to John Polson, 24 June 1771). Craig may have been representing one of the soldiers whose warrants GW obtained to make up part of his Round Bottom land. See Cash Accounts, May 1774, n.16.

17The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends adds: “of Mes⟨s⟩rs Purdie & Dixon for Colo. Fairfax wch charge.”

18Eye water was a lotion for the eyes.

19After these last two entries in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , GW has written “charge the two last.”

20GW’s entry in his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends reads: “By Mr Peale. setting Picture &ca—enquire for whom.” “Setting” the picture probably meant putting it into a frame. This might have been the miniature of John Parke Custis that Charles Willson Peale painted in January. See Cash Accounts, January 1774, n.2. Peale also, however, painted three miniatures of Eleanor Calvert Custis in 1774, which are still in family hands.

21Wiley Roy kept the tavern built the previous year by John Hoomes just north of Bowling Green on the main road from Fredericksburg to Williamsburg.

22GW breakfasted at old Peyton’s ordinary on Aquia Creek. Since March 1773 the ordinary had been run by Charles Tyler.

23In his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends GW indicates that the money paid William and Edward Williams was for two hogsheads of tobacco, one from each man. Both rented farms on Mount Vernon lands.

24The entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends reads: “By Ditto [Cash] pd Ralph Longdon for P. Custis’s order in favr of Mrs Young—Anne & Elizabeth—say—Farmer.” Mrs. Young may be Dorothy Young who ran an ordinary in Alexandria.

25The entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends for 29 June adds that this was “for his advertising the Sale of Goods &c.” The printer was probably Anne Catharine Green or her son Frederick Green, publishers of the Maryland Gazette.

26The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends adds that this money was “on acct of Julius wch Charge.” See cash entry under this date.

27Thomas and William Triplett were both being paid for wheat “pr Lund Washington” (Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends ).

28Both Peter Luke and Mabry (Mabra) Madden were being paid for “Wagonage to Redstone” (Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends ).

29After this entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends is the note: “These payments &ca fully acct⟨d⟩ for, & settles the £350 left with Lund Washington the 11th of last May.”

30See GW to Philip Richard Francis Lee, 26 April 1774, and notes to that document. This entry, along with the next three, are entered under July in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends with the notation, “By Sundries paid by Colo. Fieldg Lewis in William’sburg for my use.”

31This £50 was paid to William Bronaugh for 2,000 of the 6,000 acres he was entitled to under the Proclamation of 1754. GW exchanged these 2,000 acres for George Muse’s portion of the 7,276-acre adjoining tract patented to GW and Muse. See GW to Bronaugh, 18 Jan. 1775, Muse to GW, 3 Mar. 1784, n.1, Agreement with George Muse, 3 Aug. 1770, n.1, and Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 114.

32See Deed from Marmaduke Norfleet, 26 April 1766, and notes to that document.

33See entry under cash.

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