Thomas Jefferson Papers

IV. Table of Officeholders in the General Government, 10 May 1803

IV. Table of Officeholders in the General Government

[ca. 11 July 1803]

r  o f
heads of deptmts. 5 
Secondaries1 3  1 1
Purveyor 1 
Mint officers2 1  1
foreign ministrs. 3 
Secs. of legn 2 
Consuls 34  20 12
Govs. of territories 2.
Secretaries do 1  1
Attornies 1 
Marshals 1 
Collectors3 4  1
Directrs. marine hosp.
<58 20 16 >4
Survrs. Genl. 2 
Recievrs. 2  4
Registers  3   3
65  21 23

MS (DLC: TJ Papers, 234:41919); undated; entirely in TJ’s hand, made in several sittings; at the head of this table, TJ entered notes on which the first twelve entries, with several variations, are based (see notes below); on same sheet as Documents III and V.

heads of deptmts.: TJ included Attorney General Levi Lincoln. The secondaries probably included Republicans Gideon Granger, postmaster general, Gabriel Duvall, comptroller, and Thomas T. Tucker, treasurer. Joseph Nourse, register of the Treasury, who began serving in the Treasury Department under the Confederation Congress, was considered nonpolitical or neutral. Richard Harrison, auditor, was probably the Federalist TJ had in mind. He was in charge of settling TJ’s accounts as minister to France (Noble E. Cunningham, Jr., The Process of Government under Jefferson [Princeton, 1978], 103, 180-1, 328-30; ASP description begins American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1832-61, 38 vols. description ends , Miscellaneous, 1:304; Vol. 24:169, 171-5; Vol. 33:62, 423n, 670).

Tench Coxe assumed the office of purveyor of public supplies in place of Israel Whelen on 1 Aug. 1803 (TJ to Madison, 12 July).

mint officers: TJ here included Federalist Elias Boudinot, director of the U.S. Mint, and Republican Benjamin Rush, treasurer (Vol. 33:423n; see note 2, below).

For a list of the 63 consuls and commercial agents in office in late 1801, see ASP description begins American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1832-61, 38 vols. description ends , Miscellaneous, 1:307-8. TJ made several consular appointments to locations not on the 1801 list due to vacancies or new designations, including William Stewart to Smyrna, Marien Lamar to Madeira, and Levett Harris to St. Petersburg (Vol. 35:154; Vol. 37:205n, 348; Vol. 39:214).

secretaries do: in May 1800, John Adams appointed William Henry Harrison governor and John Gibson secretary of the newly established Indiana Territory. TJ included Harrison as one of the eight Republicans in office on 3 Mch. 1801. The Senate confirmed, on 3 Mch. 1803, TJ’s appointment of Cato West in place of Federalist John Steele, who had continued as secretary of Mississippi Territory after William C. C. Claiborne became governor in May 1801 (Terr. Papers description begins Clarence E. Carter and John Porter Bloom, eds., The Territorial Papers of the United States, Washington, D.C., 1934-75, 28 vols. description ends , 7:9-10, 13-17; Vol. 33:599n, 671; Vol. 37:3-5; Vol. 39:196n, 615; Document V, below).

attornies: TJ included his appointment of John Thomson Mason as U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia under the heading of general government. marshals: Daniel Carroll Brent for the District of Columbia (Vol. 33:345, 380n, 671, 675).

At the head of the sheet, TJ noted that Indiana Territory had three Republican, one Federalist, and no neutral—“o”—collectors and that Mississippi had one Republican collector. TJ canceled Ohio with its one Republican collector and recorded the information under Ohio as a state (see Documents II and III). TJ considered Matthew Ernest, appointed collector at Detroit by John Adams in January 1800, a Federalist. Gallatin informed the president that David Duncan, whom TJ had appointed collector at Michilimackinac in 1801, was also a Federalist and that Daniel Bissell, assigned to Massac in 1802, was “unknown” or neutral, but TJ retained the designations above (JEP description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States … to the Termination of the Nineteenth Congress, Washington, D.C., 1828, 3 vols. description ends , 1:332, 333; Vol. 33:671; Vol. 38:21, 518, 682; Vol. 39:258n; Document VI, below).

Gallatin identifies the land office receivers (recievrs) and registers, along with their party affiliations, in Document VI.

1In the draft list above this table, TJ clearly noted that there were “3” Republicans, “1” neutral, and “1” Federalist in this category. Here, however, he initially entered “0” in the neutral column. He later emended it to read “1,” as above. He also emended the final total from “20” to “21.”

2In the draft list, TJ entered: “Mint. Director f.1” and “Treasurer r.1.”

3This is the final entry in TJ’s draft list.

4Before TJ canceled these totals, he entered them under totals for the “Genl.” government in Document III, where he then had to alter them to reflect the totals from the added categories in this table and the emendation (see note 1).

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