George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, April 1764

Cash Accounts

[April 1764]

Cash
Apl 26— To Cash for March Acct £ 5. 0. 0
To Interest of Mrs [Joanna] McKenzies Bond 10.16. 0
27— To Collo. Fieldg Lewis pr Acct 12. 0. 01
To Interest of Mr Phil. Claiborne 14. 0. 0
30— To Cash of Mr Valentine 200. 0. 02
To Ditto of Collo. Lewis for a Bill of Excha. drawn in favour of J. P. Custis £100 Sterl. 160. 0. 0
To Ditto of Mr Jas Gibson for Bills drawn in behalf of Ditto £200 Sterlg3 320. 0. 0
To Ditto of Collo. Lewis Dismal Adventure4 20. 0. 0
To Cash of Jno. Ward5 2.11.11
To Mr Robt Adam Balle acct6 2.17. 0
To Cash of Collo. Byrd for Rent7 40. 0. 0
Contra
Apl  1— By Mr Wm Digges pr Rect for Mr R. Rutherford8 17.10. 0
8— By Cards &ca 5. 0. 0
10— 1 lock 2/6—Exps. at Colchester 22/9 1. 5. 3
12— By Servants 3/1½—Exps. at Port Royal 5/4 0. 8. 5 1/2
13— By Exps. at Hobs hole 5/—Servants 2/6 0. 7. 6
14— By Ferriage at Brick house9 7/. Exps. there 1/3 0. 8. 3
16— By Trebell for Wmsburg Octr Purse 1763 1.10. 0
By Ditto Club 2/6—Searchg Records 2/6 0. 5. 0
By Carter & Camms Pamphlets10 0. 5. 0
By 1 Lock 1/3—Club at Trebells 10/ 0.11. 3
By Club at Trebells 8/3 0. 8. 3
25— By Raffling 30/—Sadler [Alexander] Craik 2/ 1.12. 0
26— By Subscription to Wmsburg Purse Apl 1764 paid Mr William Brent11 1. 0. 0
27— By Servants 3/9—Preceptor &ca 28/612 1.12. 3
28— By 4 pr Hinges & Screws 7/. B[ryan] Allison 10/ 0.17. 0
By Mr Hubbard for Miss Fairfax13 2.18. 9
By Mr Calvert for freight of a Pipe of Wine14 1.17. 6
Ditto Duty of Do 1.13. 4
By Collo. [Robert] Tucker for 1 Box of Citron 1.15. 0
By Mr Robt Miller Store Acct15 1.15. 6
29— By Cash given 1/3—Mrs Devenport 13/616 0.14. 9
 
By Watchmaker mendg Mr [Charles] Greens Watch 1. 0. 0
30— By 1/2 ps. of Persian £2.17.6—Sundries 11/ 3. 6. 6
By Mr Jno. Washington pr Collo. Richd Lee to pay Exrs of Tibbs for Negroes17 131. 0. 0
By Mr Cunninghams rect for Iron of Messrs Snowdens18 26.13. 4
By Mr Wm Dangerfield for hire of Bricklr 10. 0. 0

AD, Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 176.

2This was Joseph Valentine’s annual payment of his receipts as manager of the dower plantations. See Cash Accounts, October 1763, n.4.

3On 30 April GW drew three bills of exchange on John Parke Custis’s account with Robert Cary & Co., one for £100 sterling and another for £500 sterling, in favor of Fielding Lewis, and a bill of exchange for £200 sterling in favor of James Gibson, a merchant in Suffolk, Nansemond County. See GW to Cary, 1 May 1764.

5John Ward, whose wife had done weaving for GW, was settling his account for the “Steel plate Whipsaw” and “2 Plows” that GW’s smith had made for him (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 174).

6In his account with Robert Adam, GW indicates that Adam paid him £2.17.11¼ to settle the account on 1 June (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 133). The next entry in the April Cash Accounts, the Byrd entry, GW has marked April, but it is immediately followed by an entry marked 6 June, and so perhaps this Adam entry should follow, not precede, the Byrd entry and be dated 1 June. See Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 178.

7The rent for the Custis house and lots in Williamsburg was due on 1 Oct. 1763, and William Byrd did not pay it until April 1764.

9The Brick House ferry crossed the Pamunkey River at its mouth, about halfway between Williamsburg and Yorktown in York County.

10Landon Carter’s 39–page The Rector Detected: Being a Just Defence of the Twopenny Act, against the Artful Misrepresentations of the Reverend John Camm (Williamsburg, 1764) and the Rev. John Camm’s A Review of the Rector Detected: or the Colonel Reconnoitred (Williamsburg, 1764) were the most recent salvos in a war of pamphlets that had been raging for years, largely between Camm on the one side and Carter and Richard Bland on the other, over the passage and subsequent royal disallowance of the Two-Penny Act of 1758. The act effectively reduced the stipend of the Virginia clergy, and on 10 April 1764 the General Court decided 5 to 4 against Camm in his suit for restitution. GW’s copies of both the Carter and Camm pamphlets are in the Boston Athenaeum. The Virginia Gazette daybook for 1764–66 (ViU) shows charges against GW in April 1764 for “Books ordered in January last” of £2 for “Duhamel’s Husbandry” and 6s. 3d. for “New Week’s Preparation.” A later entry in the daybook indicates that GW paid on his Gazette account £6.13.7½ on 23 April (35, 45).

11This may be William Brent (1733–1782) of Richland, in Stafford County.

12GW has this charge, dated April 1764, in his guardian account for John Parke Custis: “To Books vizt the Preceptor 2/6. Erasmus 3/9—Londn Vocabularry 2/6” (Guardian Accounts, 30 April 1764).

13GW also bought “Toys of Mr Hubbard” in April 1764 for his ward John Parke Custis (Guardian Accounts, 30 April 1764). Miss Fairfax may have been Sally Cary Fairfax (b. 1760), the daughter of Bryan Fairfax.

14This was probably Benedict Calvert (c.1724–1788) who had moved from Annapolis to his place called Mount Airy in Prince George’s County, Md., at about this time.

15Robert Miller’s store was in Williamsburg.

16“Mrs Devenport” may be the widow of the former Williamsburg town clerk Joseph Davenport, who died in 1761.

17In 1763 GW gave his bond for £131 to the executors of the estate of Daniel Tebbs’ (died c.1762; of Westmoreland County) estate, “payable last of June 1764 . . . for the followg Negroes—to wit”: Harry, £45; Topsom, £43; Nan, £25.5; and Toney, £17.5 (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 173). In the same account, GW indicates that in May 1764 he gave his brother John Augustine Washington £131 in cash to pay off his bond to the Tebbs estate. GW bought these slaves to send to the Dismal Swamp (see Appraisement of Dismal Swamp Slaves, 4 July 1764).

18The “Messrs Snowdens” are probably Samuel and Thomas Snowden of Prince George’s County, Maryland.

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