George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, October 1763

Cash Accounts

[October 1763]

Cash
Octr
[ ] To Thomas Colter for 1 Barrl of Corn £ 0.12. 6
7— To Cash of Collo. Fielding Lewis 36. 0. 01
26— To Burgesses Wages 13.17. 62
To Cash recd of Mr Lewis for a Bill of Excha. bot of Doctr Cockburn £100.0.03 165. 0. 0
31— To Cash of Mr Joseph Valentine 210. 0. 04
Contra
Octr 1— By Jno. Carney Balle Acct5 4. 1.10 1/2
By Jno. Sheridine for Do6 1.10. 0
By Mrs Ann Washington—lent7 1. 5. 0
By Captn Posey Do8 254.17. 2
By Thomas Bishop 5.12. 09
4— By Mr Chs Digges on Acct of my Br Auge W[ashington’s] Estate 2. 9.10
By Oysters 10/—Bl Lymes 45/ 2.15. 0
By Turner Crump from Mrs Washington 1. 0. 0
By Turkeys 0.15. 0
By Mrs Washington 5. 0. 0
5— By Expences at Colchester10 0. 2. 0
By Ditto at Dumfries 0.10. 0
6— By Expences at Allans Ordy 0. 1. 0
7— By Ticket to Ball 5/—Club at Julians 4/—Servts 2/3 0.11. 3
8— By Expences at Johnsons 7/211—Do at Hubbards 7/6 0.14. 8
9— By Do at Todds 3/1½—Do at Dansies 8/2 0.11. 3 1/2
 
10— By Do at Rhodes’s Ordy 1/12—Do at Mrs Vobes 5/9 0. 6. 9
11— By Club at Trebels 4/3—Servants 2/6 0. 6. 9
21— By Expences to the Dismal and back13 2. 7. 2
22— By Recordg Neales Writ of Ad-quod-damnum14 0.11. 6
23— By Club at Trebells &ca 6/3—Do in Arrack 2/615 0. 8. 9
By a Gold Broach 7/6—Coffee & Club 7/6—Books 10/ 1. 5. 0
26— By 2 Musick Books 15/—lent David Piper 20/16 1.15. 0
By Club at Trebells 4/4½—Do at Mrs Vobes 3/9 0. 8. 1 1/2
27— By Servants 1/3—Doctr Dalgleish tendg Jack 20/17 1. 1. 3
By Mr Prentis Sundries18 3.17. 6
29— By Club at Southalls 3/6—Coffee 1/3 0. 4. 9
By Mr Chas Washington—in the hands of Mr Lewis 130. 0. 019
By 1 Hhd Rum bot of Mr [Fielding] Lewis 22. 4. 0
30— By Club at Trebells 7/6—Servants 2/6 0.10. 0

AD, Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 167, 171.

1Lewis paid this amount on his debt to GW at Fredericksburg (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 8). See also Cash Accounts, July 1763, n.1.

2This sum was payment for the session of the assembly that began 19 May and lasted through 31 May 1763. It included GW’s “Burgesses Wages” for “14 days”—£7, his “12 Travelling days”—£, and “Ferriages going and Coming”—17s. 6d. (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 122). See Cash Accounts, May 1763, n.1.

3It would appear that GW at this time had two of Thomas Cockburn’s bills, or drafts, for £100, one that he sent to Robert Cary & Co. on 24 Oct. and the other that he sold on 26 Oct. to “Mr Lewis,” Fielding Lewis perhaps. See GW to Cary, 24 Oct. 1763, and Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 154.

4This was a part of the year’s profits from the dower plantations, remitted annually to GW by Joseph Valentine. (GW, not Valentine, kept the record of profits from the sale of tobacco in England.) GW’s accounts with Joseph Valentine as manager of the dower plantations are missing. See the Editorial Note in Settlement of the Daniel Parke Custis Estate, 20 April 1759–5 Nov. 1761. See also the Guardian Accounts for John Parke Custis, 12 April 1762 and 2 May 1763. Occasionally GW gives in his cash accounts at least a partial breakdown of his dower receipts from Valentine. See, for example, Cash Accounts, November 1764. Some of Valentine’s accounts as manager of John Parke Custis’s plantations are in the Custis Papers, ViHi.

5After GW bought the land on Clifton’s Neck in April 1760, John Carney remained a tenant there until GW bought out his lease in 1765. See GW’s account with Carney in Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 82, 136.

6John Sheridine, Sr., of Charles City, Md., until 1773 rented land on Clifton’s Neck where his son John Sheridine lived until his death in 1768.

7This is undoubtedly Anne Aylett Washington. See GW to George William Fairfax, 29 Sept. 1763, and note 1 of that letter.

8On 1 Oct. 1763 John Posey owed GW £52.4.0½ for past loans, and on that day GW took over, from his brother Charles Washington, Posey’s bond of indebtedness of £130.3.3½ and, from the Rev. Charles Green, Posey’s bond of £260 on which £2.15.6 interest was due (see GW to Posey, 24 June 1767). GW himself also sent Posey an additional £254.17.2, and to secure the whole he got from Posey a mortgage of £700 on Posey’s land and slaves. See Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 92, 168.

9This was cash “to pay Mr Digges” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 124).

10GW was en route to Williamsburg and returned to Mount Vernon about 10 November. It was at this time that GW participated in the setting up of the Dismal Swamp Land Company (see Cash Accounts, May 1763, n.3, and Dismal Swamp Land Company: Articles of Agreement, 3 Nov. 1763, and notes). The usual fall session of the Virginia assembly was not held in 1763.

11“Johnsons” was probably Acquila Johnson’s ordinary which was in Caroline County about twenty miles below Fredericksburg.

12Rhodes’s ordinary was in James City County about eleven miles from Williamsburg on the road to Cowles’s ferry on the Chickahominy River.

13For GW’s earlier, and first, trip to the Dismal Swamp, see Cash Accounts, May 1763, n.3.

14A writ of ad quod damnum directs the sheriff to determine what damage would result if a specific act was done. GW charged Daniel French’s account 11s. 6d., for his having “paid at the Secretary’s Office for Recording the Writ of Ad quod damnum for Neales Land” (Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 118). French repaid GW in June 1764.

15Arrack punch was a popular concoction served in taverns.

16David Piper (died c.1766) was a planter in Fairfax County. He was probably GW’s “old School-fellow” (see George Mason to GW, 12 June 1756, n.1).

17This was either Dr. John Dalgleish, who was one of the objects of the wrath of the anti-inoculation mob in Norfolk in 1768, or Dr. Alexander Dalgleish, who died of alcoholism in Gloucester County in 1770. The two were probably brothers.

18William Prentis & Co. in Williamsburg was one of the leading stores in the colony.

19GW took over John Posey’s bond of indebtedness to Charles Washington of £132.3.3½ (see note 8), and this payment to his brother may have paid off that bond. See GW’s accounts with both Fielding Lewis and Charles Washington, Ledger A description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 1, 1750-72, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 8, 13.

Index Entries