Thomas Jefferson Papers

Thomas Jefferson to Joel Yancey, 27 November 1819

To Joel Yancey

Monticello Nov. 27. 19

Dear Sir

Henry delivered your letter and all the articles entrusted to him safely on Tuesday night. I now inclose you a list of the cloathing to be given to every one of the people according to their ages, also of the blankets and beds to be given this year, which you will find in the columns headed 1819. I have given the columns of the last and next year, to shew those who recieved the last year & those who are to recieve the next. some small changes are made in the old rotation to keep the annual numbers as equal as I can, but this is never [to] the disadvantage of the person, but in their favor by giving them a blanket or bed a year or two sooner: for example Hanah had a bed, last year, but to bring the annual number as even as we can I give her one this year also. I need not repeat here the directions which you will find on the inclosed paper. we have to buy from mr Robertson this year much more largely than I could have wished.

The preserved peaches may come by Johnny Hemings, but th[e] barrel of shad must wait and come with the pork by the waggon.

I am sincerely sorry that mr Hepburn should wait a day for his money, but our flour sold so low last year that my funds in Richm[ond] failed before I was aware of it, and I can only replenish them by flo[ur] sent there. there has been but one rain since June to raise our river so as to float a loaded boat. that fell on the 9th of October; the next day I sent off 100. barrels of flour, but the water failed before they got out of the river, & there they still remain & must remain until a good rain falls. the moment I can place the funds in mr Gibson’s hands I will send you a draught for mr Hepburn. I am sorry to hear of mr Clay’s illness and shall equally rejoice to learn he has got over it.

I salute you with constant friendship & respect.

Th: Jefferson

PoC (MHi); on verso of a reused address cover from John Martin Baker to TJ; mutilated at seal and edge trimmed; at foot of text: “Mr Yancey”; endorsed by TJ.

The enclosed lists of cloathing and of blankets and beds to be distributed to the slaves at Poplar Forest have not been found, but for similar itemizations from around this time period that TJ included in his agricultural records, see Betts, Farm Book description begins Edwin M. Betts, ed., Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, 1953 (in two separately paginated sections; unless otherwise specified, references are to the second section) description ends , pt. 1, pp. 164–8.

Index Entries

  • beds; for slaves search
  • blankets; for slaves search
  • Clay, Charles; health of search
  • clothing; for slaves search
  • fish; shad search
  • flour; price of search
  • food; peaches search
  • food; pork search
  • food; shad search
  • Gibson, Patrick; and TJ’s flour search
  • Hannah (Hanah) (TJ’s slave; b.1770); on Poplar Forest slave lists search
  • Hepburn, Alexander; TJ’s debt to search
  • Hern, Henry (TJ’s slave; b.1805); travels to and from Poplar Forest search
  • household articles; beds search
  • household articles; blankets search
  • Monticello (TJ’s Albemarle Co. estate); flour from search
  • peaches; preserved search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); beds and blankets for slaves at search
  • pork; transported to and from Poplar Forest search
  • Richmond, Va.; flour prices at search
  • Rivanna River; water level of search
  • Robertson, Archibald; sends goods to TJ search
  • shad; sent from Poplar Forest search
  • slaves; blankets and beds for search
  • slaves; clothing for search
  • wagons; transport goods between Monticello and Poplar Forest search
  • weather; drought search
  • weather; rain search
  • Yancey, Joel (d.1833); as superintendent of Poplar Forest search
  • Yancey, Joel (d.1833); letters to search