Thomas Jefferson Papers

Joel Yancey to Thomas Jefferson, 19 November 1819

From Joel Yancey

Poplar Forest Nov 19th ,19

Dear Sir

Your letter of 14th got here on the 17th at night, and I duly receiv,d that by Bishop, I am astonishd that my letters should be So long on the way, when yours almost, always reach me within 4 days after date, by the cart John Hemings has recd the map, and the window Irons, the map I will attend to myself as soon as I can get the cart off

By the cart you will receive five bushels of dried peaches, and 3 pecks of dried1 apples, 1 ferkin of Butter, and the cheese sent from Richmond. the cheese has a small hole in it, about the middle, mad[e] by the rats, while at Mr Robertsons, you have here also a barrel of Pickled shad, which probably may be better this winter, than in Spring, and Hanah has two pots, of nice preserv,d peaches, weighing 12 (that is 6 each) which can be sent down by Johny H— if you desire it, I shall fatten 70 good Hogs certainly, which I have now in the pens, and there are 5 others, which are a little shy & Which I have no doubt we shall get in a day or two, so that you may Safely calculate on 75 hogs, 41 at B. creek and 34 at Tomahawk, we have 25 or 30 more that would make good pork, but we cant spare the grain to fatten them, there is some mast sufficient I think, (with a little corn, to keep them gentle) to support them this winter & spring, and they will be large by next killing, I have ingaged 2 overseers for the next year and agreed to furnish Bishop at Tomahawk with 500 pork and Robert Miller at B. creek with 400, the balanc of the pork you will direct the distribution

The Spinning Machine here wants repairing and Johny Hemings has promised conditionally to do it but puts me off from time to time, and I fear he will not find it convenient whilst he is up, unless you mention it, in your next instructions to him, I am certain that it cannot take him more, than a day—or two, and it is now, and has been for some time perfectly useless to us,—I think it would be well, for you, to direct your agent in Richmond to send us a bale of machined cotton, the supplys in Lynchburg are so Small and irregular, that it frequently happens, that we cannot get it at any price, we fall short of clothing for the People again this fall; on hand there is only 100 yds of shirting and 200 yds of woolen, you will please direct what is to be bought—by Johny Heming I will send you a general account of stock, corn, wheat, &c Hepburn has inqured frequently, whether I had recd his dft, I believe he really wants his money, I have always told him, that I was satisfied, the reason, that I had not, was on A/c of the dry season, You could get nothing to markit, Indeed I read to him, what you said to me on the subject in your letters, your old acquaintance mr Clay, I fear will not stand the winter, he was extreamly Ill on saturday and sunday last, but has got a little better I heard yesterday I have the honor to be with the highest Esteem & respect

yr mo obt Servt

Joel Yancey

P.S. Hanah requests me to mention to you, that she has sent an apron, which miss E. Randolp left in her care, and which she understands thro Johny Heming Miss Ellen wishd sent by the cart.


  Memo of Henrys load
1 Bag peaches   wgt 110
1 ditto ditto— do 125
1 bag apples— whgt  22
1 firkin butter  gross— 115
1 Cheese  24
Total  396 pounds

RC (MHi); edge trimmed; addressed: “Mr Thomas Jefferson Monticello”; endorsed by TJ as received 23 Nov. 1819 and so recorded in SJL; with notation by TJ on address leaf relating to his 27 Nov. 1819 reply:

“letter & articles sent
 negro clothes
 hogs.  people 20.
myself 10
overseers  8 suppose
Monto 37 75
preserves by J.H.
shad by the waggon
 preserved peaches

b. creek: Bear Creek.

1Manuscript: “dred.”

Index Entries

  • apples; dried search
  • Bear Creek plantation (part of TJ’s Poplar Forest estate); hogs at search
  • Bear Creek plantation (part of TJ’s Poplar Forest estate); overseer at search
  • beds; for slaves search
  • Bishop, Jonathan; as overseer search
  • Bishop, Jonathan; delivers letter search
  • blankets; for slaves search
  • butter; at Poplar Forest search
  • carts; for transportation between Monticello and Poplar Forest search
  • cheese; sent to Poplar Forest search
  • Clay, Charles; health of search
  • clothing; aprons search
  • clothing; cotton search
  • clothing; for slaves search
  • Coolidge, Ellen Wayles Randolph (TJ’s granddaughter); visits Poplar Forest search
  • corn; as fodder search
  • corn; at Poplar Forest search
  • cotton; for clothing search
  • fish; shad search
  • fodder; for hogs search
  • food; apples search
  • food; cheese search
  • food; peaches search
  • food; pork search
  • food; shad search
  • Hannah (Hanah) (TJ’s slave; b.1770); sends household goods to Monticello search
  • Hemmings, John (TJ’s slave; b. ca.1776); as woodworker search
  • Hemmings, John (TJ’s slave; b. ca.1776); travels to and from Poplar Forest search
  • Hepburn, Alexander; repairs machines search
  • Hepburn, Alexander; TJ’s debt to search
  • Hern, Henry (TJ’s slave; b.1805); travels to and from Poplar Forest search
  • household articles; beds search
  • household articles; blankets search
  • maps; sent to Poplar Forest search
  • Miller, Robert (overseer); at Bear Creek plantation search
  • Monticello (TJ’s Albemarle Co. estate); butter for search
  • peaches; dried search
  • peaches; preserved search
  • pigs; at Poplar Forest search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); beds and blankets for slaves at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); corn grown at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); cotton used at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); hogs at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); spinning at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); wheat grown at search
  • Poplar Forest (TJ’s Bedford Co. estate); windows at search
  • pork; supply of search
  • Robertson, Archibald; receives goods for TJ search
  • shad; sent from Poplar Forest search
  • shirting (textile) search
  • slaves; blankets and beds for search
  • slaves; clothing for search
  • spinning machines; at Poplar Forest search
  • textiles; shirting search
  • textiles; wool search
  • Tomahawk plantation (part of TJ’s Poplar Forest estate); hogs at search
  • Tomahawk plantation (part of TJ’s Poplar Forest estate); overseer at search
  • wheat; at Poplar Forest search
  • wool; for clothing search
  • Yancey, Joel (d.1833); as superintendent of Poplar Forest search
  • Yancey, Joel (d.1833); letters from search