From James Monroe
washington July 10. 1815.
The intelligence which you communicated to me the evening before I left home, of a vote having been given in the H. of C. against Ld C. has not been confirmed, and I fear will not be. Little, has been receiv’d of late from Europe, but all accounts concur1 in the probability of a war, which Engld prompts & leads, that will become general. Nothing can be more unprincipled than such a war, since it strikes at the very foundation of right in every community, not solely as between the sovereign and His people, but assumes a right to a number of sovereigns to interfere in the interior concerns of another country, & to dictate a govt & a King to it. I am strongly under the impression, that the treaty of Vienna, partakes of the quality of that of Pilnitz, and if the parties are successful, against France, that their attention will be directed against this country afterwards, the parent of revolutions, and the imputed source of the misfortunes of the Bourbons. By the vast force said to be collected and collecting, it seems, as if the coalesced powers, intended to risk every thing in a great effort, to accomplish their objects. From our ministers we hear nothing, which may [be]2 owing to their having saild, on their return home, tho’ of that, we are uninformd. under these circumstances there seems to be little motive for remaining. The President will not stay long, & I shall soon follow him.
The enclosed is a survey made for me by mr Lewis, of the land lying below the old road, comprizing a purchase which I made, of Ch: Carter, after that of John, which bounds on mr Shorts, in the point in which we disagree. If mr Lewis ever surveyd the tract first purchased, it was at the instance of the mr Carters, or some other person after I left the country to whom they sold land, after the Sale to me. By comparing these courses, with those in your possession, you will ascertain whether they are the same, or whether the latter form a survey of my tract first purchasd. If they do, I shall be glad to have a copy of them When I have the pleasure to see you.
It was at Culpeper3 court house, that I heard for the first time that Mr Galloway had arriv’d with you the day I left, Albemarle, or the day before. I regret that I had not the pleasure of seeing him; but as I shall soon get home I hope Still to have that satisfaction.
RC (DLC); mistakenly endorsed by TJ as a letter of 8 July received 15 July 1815 and so recorded in SJL. Enclosure: Robert Lewis’s 1794 survey of Monroe’s 442-acre tract, not found (see PTJ description begins Julian P. Boyd, Charles T. Cullen, John Catanzariti, Barbara B. Oberg, and others, eds., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, 1950– , 37 vols. description ends , 28:55).
The vote in Great Britain’s House of Commons against Lord Castlereagh was actually a division in his favor (TJ to Monroe, 15 July 1815). Far from having saild or given up their negotiations, on 3 July 1815 the American envoys John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, and Albert Gallatin wrote from London enclosing a commercial convention they had negotiated with Great Britain (Clay, Papers description begins James F. Hopkins and others, eds., The Papers of Henry Clay, 1959–1992, 11 vols. description ends , 2:54–9). Monroe left the country in 1794 to serve as the United States minister plenipotentiary to France (ANB description begins John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes, eds., American National Biography, 1999, 24 vols. description ends ).
1. Manuscript: “concer.”
2. Omitted word editorially supplied.
3. Manuscript: “Culpepeper.”
4. Manuscript: “rgard.”
- Adams, John Quincy; negotiates convention with Great Britain search
- Carter, John Champe; sells land to J. Monroe search
- Carter, William Champe; and Highland–Indian Camp boundary dispute search
- Carter, William Champe; sells land to J. Monroe search
- Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount; as foreign secretary search
- Clay, Henry; negotiates convention with Great Britain search
- Culpeper Court House (later Culpeper), Va. search
- France; and Great Britain search
- France; Bourbon dynasty restored search
- Gallatin, Albert; negotiates convention with Great Britain search
- Galloway, Benjamin; visits Monticello search
- Great Britain; and France search
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- Highland (J. Monroe’s Albemarle Co. estate); boundary dispute search
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- Indian Camp (W. Short’s Albemarle Co. estate); boundary dispute search
- Jefferson, Thomas; Business & Financial Affairs; and Highland–Indian Camp boundary dispute search
- Lewis, Robert (surveyor); survey of J. Monroe’s land search
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- Monroe, James; and Highland–Indian Camp boundary dispute search
- Monroe, James; and W. Short’s land search
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- Monroe, James; at Culpeper Court House search
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- Monticello (TJ’s estate); Visitors to; Galloway, Benjamin search
- Montpellier (Montpelier; J. Madison’s Orange Co. estate); J. Madison at search
- Short, William; and Indian Camp search
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- Vienna, Congress of; negotiations at search