Thomas Jefferson Papers

James Monroe to Thomas Jefferson, 15 February 1815

From James Monroe

washington Feby 15. 1815

Dear Sir

It is with infinite satisfaction that I inform you of the arrival of mr Carroll yesterday from Ghent, with a treaty of peace between the U States & G. Britain which was concluded on the 24. of Decr last. It is in all respects honorable to our country. no concession is made of any kind. Boundaries are to be trac’d on the principles of the treaty of 1783. by Comrs, whose difference, should they disagree, is to be left to the decision of1 a friendly power. It is evident that this treaty has been extorted from the British ministry. The late victory at New orleans, terminates this contest, with peculiar advantage, & even splendour, to the U States.

The treaty will be submitted to the senate, today, & I presume approved, without opposition. a Sketch will be in the intelligencer of this date.

my late severe indisposition prevented my writing you of late. the business which accumulated2 the week, that I was3 ill, has since borne heavily on me.

with great respect & esteem your friend

Jas Monroe

RC (DLC); endorsed by TJ as received 17 Feb. 1815 and so recorded in SJL, which adds “peace” in square brackets. RC (DLC); address cover only; with PoC of TJ to George Hay, 26 Feb. 1815, on verso; addressed: “Thomas Jefferson Monticello”; franked; postmarked Washington, 15 Feb.

The Paris peace treaty of 1783 ended the Revolutionary War and established the boundaries between Great Britain and its former colonies in North America. A brief sketch of the 1814 treaty did appear on this date in the Washington Daily National Intelligencer.

1Preceding three words interlined.

2Manuscript: “accumuted.”

3Manuscript: “will.”

Index Entries

  • Carroll, Henry; brings Treaty of Ghent from Europe search
  • Ghent, Treaty of (1814); and national boundaries search
  • Ghent, Treaty of (1814); arrives from Europe search
  • Ghent, Treaty of (1814); J. Monroe on search
  • Ghent, Treaty of (1814); newspaper summaries of search
  • Ghent, Treaty of (1814); ratification of search
  • Great Britain; peace with search
  • Monroe, James; and Treaty of Ghent (1814) search
  • Monroe, James; and War of1812 search
  • Monroe, James; health of search
  • Monroe, James; letters from search
  • National Intelligencer (Washington newspaper); summarizes Treaty of Ghent (1814) search
  • New Orleans, Battle of (1815); J. Monroe on search
  • Paris; Treaty of (1783) search
  • Senate, U.S.; ratifies Treaty of Ghent (1814) search