Thomas Jefferson Papers

Charles Yancey to Thomas Jefferson, 23 October 1814

From Charles Yancey

Richmond 23rd October 1814

Dr Sir,

an apology is due to you, as I promised to write you, while in Service; a sick family, caused by an unusual fever, has caused me to lose about $2000 worth of property: on Receiving this information from home, I left camp for 8 days, & went home; this prevented my communication with friends in the manner I wished. I am Now in the legislature, & hope in any situation, I Shall Never forget that attention which is So Justly due to you, On acct of Services already Rendered. we have Several Important Resolutions &c before us, one of which was to appoint a Joint Committee, to repair to washington, to confer with the General Government, on the best possible means of defending this State during the war with G.B.—to this I gave my decided Negative, as it appeared to assume a Dictatorial tone, & an exclusive previledge, which I thought we were not intitled to, having by Solemn compact, long ago, given to the Federal Government, the Sole power, of defending &c &c. this resolution, however, has been So Amended, as to Cause a Communication to be open’d by the Executive of V.A. with the General1 government, respecting this states Quota of Men &c, to Carry on the War: we have also a bill before us, to suspend the exn law, deeds of trust &c which I expect with Some Modification, will pass into a law. a Committee2 have reported a bill appropriating $200.000 for paying troops &c. a committee is appointed to Organize the Militia System of this state, on the plan of the U.S. also a committee3 to Revise & amend the laws, Respecting public Roa[ds], all parties4 Seem to agree that we ought now to Join in defending &c but the Same old Spirit, of blaming the Jeffersonian policy, Seems to prevail among the Federalists, & I am doubtfull they are Aiming to degrade the Genl Government: they Seem to be inclined to avail themselves of the embarrased Situation of the country, to get a Majority, & office Hunters seem to Join with them, too Much. the common cant among us for several days has been, who is to be the Next Governor & Senator? for the former I have heard Named, W. C. Nicholas, T. M. Randolph, Hugh Nelson, A. Mason, J. W. Epps & A Stevenson. I am inclined to think our county will furnish a Governor, the 3 Gentlemen being all equally friendly, & Men of talents having all Just claims, Make it disagreeable to the representatives from the county, but I hope men voting from proper Motives, will Never incur the displeasure of good men: for the latter office, the Now Governor, Senator Brent, J. W. Epps, & Mason, are talked of: our taxes will be Raised. this you know, the Soldier must be paid; cant you drop me a hint as to public Roads? with all sincere Regard your friend & Mo. ob. St

Charles Yancey

RC (DLC); edge frayed; addressed: “Thomas Jefferson Esqr late president of the u.S. Monticello”; franked; postmarked Richmond, 26 Oct.; endorsed by TJ as received 15 Nov. 1814 and so recorded in SJL.

The solemn compact was the United States Constitution. The exn law was suspended until 1 Mar. 1816 by the 25 Nov. 1814 “Act concerning Executions, and for other purposes” (Acts of Assembly description begins Acts of the General Assembly of Virginia (cited by session; title varies over time) description ends [1814–15 sess.], 68–75). The 3 gentlemen from Albemarle County named as possible gubernatorial candidates were Wilson Cary Nicholas, Thomas Mann Randolph, and Hugh Nelson. The now governor was James Barbour. The Virginia General Assembly elected Nicholas governor shortly thereafter and sent Barbour to the United States Senate early the following year (Petersburg Daily Courier, 12 Nov. 1814, 7 Jan. 1815).

1Manuscript: “Genearl.”

2Manuscript: “Committe.”

3Manuscript: “comittee.”

4Manuscript: “partiies.”

Index Entries

  • An Act concerning Executions, and for other purposes (1814) search
  • Army, U.S.; and militia search
  • Barbour, James; as governor of Va. search
  • Barbour, James; as U.S. senator search
  • Brent, Richard; as U.S. senator search
  • Constitution, U.S.; and national defense search
  • Eppes, John Wayles (TJ’s son-in-law); as U.S. senatorial candidate search
  • Eppes, John Wayles (TJ’s son-in-law); gubernatorial prospects of search
  • Federalist party; in Va. search
  • fevers; epidemic search
  • health; fever search
  • Mason, Armistead Thomson; as U.S. senatorial candidate search
  • Mason, Armistead Thomson; gubernatorial prospects of search
  • militia; organization of search
  • Nelson, Hugh; gubernatorial prospects of search
  • Nicholas, Wilson Cary (1761–1820); as Va. governor search
  • Nicholas, Wilson Cary (1761–1820); gubernatorial nomination of search
  • Randolph, Thomas Mann (1768–1828) (TJ’s son-in-law; Martha Jefferson Randolph’s husband); gubernatorial prospects of search
  • roads; in Va. search
  • Stevenson, Andrew; gubernatorial prospects of search
  • Virginia; defense of search
  • Virginia; Federalists in search
  • Virginia; General Assembly search
  • Virginia; governor search
  • Virginia; militia search
  • Virginia; roads in search
  • Virginia; U.S. senators from search
  • Virginia; wartime taxation in search
  • War of1812; militia activity search
  • War of1812; U.S. financing of search
  • Yancey, Charles; as Va. legislator search
  • Yancey, Charles; financial losses of search
  • Yancey, Charles; letters from search
  • Yancey, Charles; militia service of search
  • Yancey, Charles; on upcoming elections search