Agreement with John H. Craven
Articles of agreement made & concluded between Th: Jefferson and John H. Craven, both of the county of Albemarle.
It is agreed between these parties that the lease of lands & other property of the sd Thomas at Monticello, originally made by the sd Thomas to the sd John H. for five years, & now existing, shall be renewed and continued from the end of the sd five years for the term of four years more in addition to the said five, & shall be considered as if it had been an original lease for nine years, all the covenants & conditions therein provided for the course of five years being hereby extended to the additional four years: that the rent during the four additional years shall be uniformly the same as provided for the 2d. 3d. 4th. & 5th. years of the preceding term, and the rotation of crops through which each field was to go in the first five years, shall be continued for it uniformly in the same course through the four additional years.
In consideration of the young labourers grown & growing up, it is agreed that after the 1st. day of August 1804. the girl called Fanny, daughter of Ned, shall be withdrawn from the lease, and return into the possession & service of the said Thomas: that he may also withdraw any other young female now under the age of titheable when he shall think proper, delivering the girl called Ursula, not now in the lease, in exchange for her: and that after the 31st. day of Dec. 1808. he may withdraw the man called Ned, the elder, delivering in lieu of him a labourer of equal value.
The said Thomas agrees also to underpin & plaister the house inhabited by the sd John H. to wall up the cellar under the same which shall be dug by the sd John H. & to build a shed round the barn in the course of this & the next year.
The division fence between the two parties shall be maintained at their joint & equal expence: and each party covenants at the desire of the other to execute a formal lease of the purport of the above agreement: Witness our hands this 20th. day of September 1803.
John H. Craven
MS (MHi); in TJ’s hand, signed by TJ and Craven; endorsed by TJ: “renewed agreement for 4. additional years.”
For TJ’s August 1800 agreement with Craven, now existing and to be renewed, see Vol. 32:108-9. rotation of crops: see Vol. 32:110. TJ added four years to the rotation plan, making it nine years in all (same).
fanny, daughter of Edward (ned) and Jane (Jenny) Gillette, was born in 1788. TJ brought her to Washington in 1806 to be trained in French cookery by TJ’s chef Honoré Julien. She was married to David Hern, who remained at Monticello (Stanton, Free Some Day description begins Lucia Stanton, Free Some Day: The African-American Families of Monticello, Charlottesville, 2000 description ends , 62-4, 87-8, 129, Gillette and Hern Family Trees).
Born in 1787, ursula, daughter of Bagwell and Minerva Granger, was the only family member not leased to Craven in the 1800 agreement. Instead she went to Washington to be trained as a pastry chef in the President’s House. She returned to Monticello in 1802, after giving birth to her first child. She was married to Wormley Hughes (same, 45, 129, 135, George & Ursula Family Tree; Betts, Farm Book description begins Edwin M. Betts, ed., Thomas Jefferson’s Farm Book, Princeton, 1953 description ends , pt. 1, 57, 60; Annette Gordon-Reed, The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family [New York, 2008], 568-9; Vol. 36:671).