To John Sinclair
Mount Vernon 15th July 1797.
Since my last to you, dated in Philadelphia the 6th of March, I have been honoured with yours and Lord Hawke’s joint favour of the 28th of March 1796 introductory of Doctr Scandella; who gave me the pleasure of his company in June last, and whom I found a very sensible, and well informed man.1
I have also received your seperate favours of the 21st of February and 29th of March, in the present year. The last accompanying your printed account of the origin of the Board of Agriculture and its progress for the three years after its establishment. For your kindness in forwarding of them, I pray you to accept my best thanks.
I will keep one copy of this work myself, and shall read it, I am sure, with pleasure, so soon as I have passed through my harvest, which is now nearly finished; the other copies shall be put into such hands as I conceive will turn them to the best account.
Your not having, in either of the letters acknowledged above, mentioned the receipt of two from me, dated the 10th & 11th of Decr 1796;2 the last a private and very long one, fills my mind with apprehension of a miscarriage, altho’ I do not see how it should have happened, as they went with several other letters under cover to Mr King (our Minister in London) who in a letter to me, dated the 6th of February following after giving information of what he had done with my other letters, adds “and as soon as Sir John Sinclair returns to Town I will also deliver the letter addressed to him.”
Was it not for this information I should, by this conveyance, have forwarded a duplicate.
The result of my enquiries of Members of Congress, attending the December Session, varied so little from the details I had the honour to give you concerning the prices of land &ca in my private letter of the 11th of December as to render a second edition unnecessary. The reduction however, in the price of our produce since last year, (flour having fallen from fifteen to seven or eight dollars a barrel, and other articles in that proportion) may occasion a fall in the price of Lands. A stagnation it has already produced—and I have been told a reduction also, in some of the latter sales.
Our Crop of Wheat this year, from the best information I have been able to obtain, will be found very short, owing to three causes; an uncommon drought last autumn, a severe winter with but little snow to protect it, and, which is still more to be regretted, to what, with us is denominated the Hessian fly; which has spread devastation, more or less, in all quarters: Nor has the latter wheat escaped the rust. The grain however, except where the Rust appeared before it was hard, is extremely fine. We are equally unlucky in our Oats, occasioned by a severe drought since the month of April, With sentiments of high esteem & regard, I have the honor to be Sir Yr Most Obedt Hble Servant
ALS, British Library, Add. MSS 5757; ALS (letterpress copy), NN: Washington Papers; LB, DLC:GW.
1. The text of the letter of 28 Mar. 1796, signed both by Sinclair, as president of the Board of Agriculture, and by Lord Hawke, as its vice-president and the chairman of its “Committee of Foreign Correspondence,” reads: “We have the Honour to present to Your Excellency Dr Scandella a Venetian Physician and a great Lover of agriculture; in which he particularly excells. Although he is an Honorary Member of The British Board of Agriculture, yet we should not have so particularly recommended him to Your Excellencys Countenance and Protection were we not certain from our knowlege of him, and from the treatises which he has published, that Your Excellency would be pleased by our introducing to Your notice so ingenious and useful a Member of Our Society” (DLC:GW). Lord Hawke was Martin Bladen Hawke, second Baron Hawke of Towton (1744–1805). Jean Baptiste Scandella (c.1770–1798) had been living in London as secretary to the Venetian embassy. While in America he impressed his medical colleagues with his knowledge and enthusiasm but died in New York of yellow fever as he awaited his departure for his return to England.
2. In his letter of 10 Dec. 1796, GW responds to Sinclair’s letters of 14, 30 May and 10 Sept. 1796. In his very long letter of 11 Dec. 1796, GW responds to Sinclair’s confidential letter of 11 Sept. 1796 asking GW about land in the United States and suggesting that he might decide to emigrate to America (see GW to Sinclair, 6 Mar. 1797, n.1). Sinclair acknowledges on 19 July GW’s letter of 11 Dec. 1796. No acknowledgment of GW’s letter of 10 Dec. 1796 has been found.