From William Charles Cole Claiborne
Knoxville, Tennessee, April 22d 1797
Permit an individual from a remote part of America, to address you, an individual little known in public Life, and whose personal Acquaintance with you is very confined: The freedom I thus take illy-becomes me; but when I recollect, that the Character I write to, is the great friend of Mankind, his Goodness to pardon an honest intention is my best excuse.
The object of this Letter, is to request of you Sir, a favour the granting of which, will high ten the obligations which in common with every Citizen of the United States, you have already laid me under. I presume it has not escaped your recollection, that communications from several of my Friends in Virginia, were forwarded to you, soliciting for me, the Appointment of District Judge in this State—The honor however was reserved for another character, and here give me leave to remark, that your choice fell upon a person, whose private Life is amiable, and in whose public conduct, Wisdom, firmness and fidelity are conspicuous traits; I come now to mention the favour I have to ask; it is Sir, that you will forward the Letters I above alluded to, to your worthy Successor in office; they may aid me in attaint[ing] some other Appointment under the Federal Authority, which may hereafter be desirable.1 The Confidence reposed in me, by my Friends, gives rise to the most pleasing sensations, and cannot fail to excite my utmost emulation. The primary object of my Life is, to be useful to my Country. “Born Sir” at a period, when every American Breast palpitated for freedom, I became early attached to civil Liberty (which to you is so much indebted) and was instructed to lisp the Names of the Patriots of my Country with veneration and respect. Annimated by their example, I shall labour to acquire the esteem of the present, and of after Ages for good and virtuous Actions. The Federal Government which (under your wise Administration) has reflected prosperity over every part of this extensive Continent, I sincerely admire and that no encroachment may be made on its principles is among my greatest wishes: It gives me pleasure to add, that the great bulk of the people of this State, are attached to the Union, and that attachment your last friendly advice will perpetuate. The peace with the Indians, which previous to your retirement from office was so happily affected, still exists—I believe it is the wish of a great majority of the Citizens, to preserve it inviolate, and altho’ a few depredations have of late been committed on both sides, I trust an open rupture will be avoided. The Commissioners for extending the boundary Line between the United States, and the Cherokee Nation, have proceeded on their duty;2 some little discontent seems to prevail among the people, from a supposition, that on the extension of the Line, many will be found settled on Indian Lands, and that an immediate removal will ensue; But I hope and wish their Conduct may be marked with prudence.
I have given you this general statement of Politicks in this State, thinking it may be acceptable, as I am well assured, that the prosperity and Happiness of your Country, will be essential to the enjoyment of your remaining years. Should you think proper to acknowledge the receipt of this Letter, the honor done me will be gratefully remembered.
I cannot conclude without expressing a fervent wish, that in the tranquil Scenes of retirement, your future Life may be one continued Scene of Felicity, and that your Successor in Office, by pursuing your virtuous example, may be the Dispenser of Peace and Happiness to the People. Accept Sir of my sincere and respectful attachment. I have the honor to be, Your mo: Obet & ve[r]y Humble Servt
William Charles Cole Claiborne
1. William Charles Cole Claiborne (1775–1817) of Sussex County, Va., began practicing law in Sullivan County in the Tennessee territory in 1794 and in 1796 was a member of the Tennessee constitutional convention. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1797 to 1801. Gov. John Sevier made him a judge in the state superior court in September 1796. William Fleming wrote to GW on 10 Dec. 1796 recommending Claiborne for the judgeship of the new federal district court in these terms: “Mr Claiborne has much the respect and confidence of his fellow citizens in that quarter; among whom he had been a very successful practitioner of the law for several years: indeed his superior talents, great sobriety, and intense application to business distinguish him from the generality of young gentlemen of his age.” As congressman from Tennessee Andrew Jackson reviewed the qualifications of a number of lawyers for the position in a letter to GW of 8 Feb. 1797, and he had this to say about Claiborne: “Mr Claibourn is an amiable young Man, but perhaps is not possessed of sufficient Experience to fill such an important office.” On 17 Feb. 1797 GW nominated John McNairy (1762 –1837), not Claiborne, as federal district judge for Tennessee, but later in this year Claiborne succeeded Jackson in Congress. In 1801 Jefferson appointed him governor of the Mississippi Territory, and he served as governor of the Louisiana Territory from 1803 until it became a state in 1817 when he again was elected to Congress, shortly before his death.