George Washington Papers
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Farm Reports, 9–15 April 1797

Farm Reports

[9–15 April 1797]

A Meteorological Account of the Weather kept at Mount Vernon
1797 April
9 in the Morning 50 N.W. clear 52 N.W. clear 50 W. cloudy
10 41 N.W. clear 46 N.W. clear 42 N.W. clear
11 52 W. clear 56 S.W. clear 52 S.W. clear
12 *62 S. clear 64 S. clear 62 S. clear
*began Planting Corn on River Farm
 
13 62 S. cloudy 63 S. cloudy 62 S. clear
14 all the Farms planting at 60 S. clear 64 S. clear 62 S. clear
15 60 S.E. cloudy 62 S.E. Thunder & Rain 60 S.E. much Rain
Dr. Mansion house for the work of 8 hands per Week 48 days
Cr. By one waggon hauling Rails 3 Corn 1 & Hay 2 days  6
   3 Horse Cart hauling Lime 1 & wood 5 days  6
 "  Picking up Stones off Clover Lotts  6
 "  Planting Potatoes 3 & Lucern & St foine 3 days  6
 "  Attending the Stone Mason  6
 "  Joe Trimming Trees  6
 "  cuting of Wood  6
 "  Hauling of the Seine  6
48

Stock 1 Stud Horse 3 Stud Jacks 3 Youn[g] do—7 Horses 10 Asses—9 working & 16 unbroke Mules, 16 Cows & 3 Calves 9 Wedders 4 Ews & 4 Lambs, Decreased one Wedder killed.

Dr. Ditchers for the work of 4 Men Amot. per week  24
By Hauling of the Seine  18
 "  Cuting Wood   6
 24
Dr. River Farm for the Work of 27 Hands Amounting per week to 162 days
Cr. By ploughing & planting Corn  70
 "  Cleaning wheat & Hauling do & Cheat1 & Corn to Mill   3
 "  Hauling Rails 6 days Weeding & Manuring Thorns 4  10
 "  Making Posts & Rails  18
 "  Raking weeds & dead Grass from off the Clover  10
 "  Fishing  12
 "  Peter in the Garden at Mansionhouse   6
 "  Attending to Stock   6
   Stoped By one days Rain  27
162

Stock 12 Horses 11 Mules & 1 Mule foal—83 Cattle & 14 Calves 196 Sheep & 75 Lambs Decreased 1 Lamb Sent to the Mansionhouse.

Corn sent to Mill 25½ Bu.
do sent to Mansion 30
do fed to Stock 20
75½
 
Wheat sent to Mill 18½
Cheat 53
Dr. Mudy hole for the work of 14 hands Amot. per Week 84
Cr. By a Cart at the Mill 1 and hauling Rails 4 days  5
 "  Rolling Oats  1
 "  Ploughing 28 & cuting down Corn Stalks 5 days 33
 "  Burning Brush & clearing of Ground 10
 "  Planting & covering of Corn 10
   Shelled Corn when Stoped by Rain  6
   Sick Darcus, Letty, And Amie in Child bed each 6 days 18
     Molly otherwise Sick  1
84

Stock 7 Horses 4 Mules 33 Cattle & Calves 49 Sheep and 19 Lambs Increased one Lamb.

Corn sent to Mill 10 Bu.
do  fed to Stock  4
14 do
Dr. Doguerun for the Work of 16 hands Amot. 96 days
Cr. By Ploughing 30 & Planting Corn 24 days 54
 "  By Hauling wood to Distillery 1 & Manure 5 days  6
 "  Cleaning the Meadow 7 fixing Gate ⟨Barrs⟩ 1 day  8
 "  Shelling Corn & cleaning Stable when it rained  5
 "  cleaning of new Ground  8
 "  Joe hauling the Seine  3
   Sick Joe 1 Lucey 1 Judah 3 & Cartor Jack 3 & Sarah 4 days 12
96

Stock 5 Horses 9 Mules 135 Sheep 41 Lambs, 67 Cattle & 6 Calves Decreased 1 Sheep found dead—Increase one Mule from Mansion house.

Corn Sent to Mill 12 Bushels
do fed to Stock 11½ do
23½
Dr. Union Farm for the work of 22 hands Amot. per week 132
Cr. By ploughing for Corn 48 & planting Corn 35 days  83
 "  Filling up Gullys 20 & cleaning of Meadow 20 days  40
 "  Hauling Slope 3 & Hauling Manure 3 days   6
   Sick Siss   3
132

Stock 15 Horses, & 6 Mules, 65 Cattle & 2 Calves 111 Sheep & 33 Lambs—Decrease one Cow died—And de[c]reased 13 Lambs entered by Mistake in last Weeks report.

Corn sent to Mill 20 Bushels
do fed to Stock 15 do
35
Wheat sent to mill 113 Bushels
Dr. Carpenters for the work of 7 Men per week 42
Cr. By Hewing of Timber for a wheat Machine 14
 "  repairing Gates at River Farm  1
 "  packing of Fish  1
   Stoped by Rain  4
   Isacc & Joe working in the Shop, making of Ploughs & repairing Mansionhouse 10
   Davie in Coopers Shop  6
   Christopher in the House  6
42
Dr. Brick Layers for the Work of 2 Men per week 12
By Tom Davis & Muckles hauling Seine 12
John Neale assisting, & attending the same
Dr. Spinners, Sewers & Knitters for the Work of 15 Women amounting to 96 days
Cr.
By Matilda Spinning 6 lb. Tow Yarn
 "  Delia Spinning 6 lb. do
 "  Annie Spining 5 lb. do
 "  Delphia Spinning 3½ do
 "  Judith 4 lb. Stocking Yarn
 "  Kitty 2   Sewing thread
 "  Betsey Davis Sewing 9 Shirts
 "  Alsey Sewing 9 do
 6 days
 6
 6
 6
 6
 6
 6
 6
 "  Lame Alley Knitting 2 pair Stockings  6
 "  Lucey Knitting 1 pair do  6
 "  Dolsey Spinning 4 lb. Tow Yarn 4 in the House 2  6
 "  Caroline in the house  6
 "  Sall in the House  6
 "  Charlotte in Child bed  6
   Sick Doll  6
90
   Lame Peter knitting 2 pair Stockings  6 days
 
Dr. Gardeners for the work of 4 Men per Week 24 days
Cr. By planting & cleaning in the Vineyard 12
 "  planting & cleaning in the Gardens 10
 "  lost by Rain  2
24
Mill Dr. I[ndian] Corn Wheat
To Mudy hole 10.2 
   Dogue Run 12.  
   Union Farm 20.   113.58
   River Farm 25.2   18.50
Toll this Week 10.  
78.   131  

Contra

I[ndian] Meal

Flour
Sup. Fine

Hom[iny]
Sh[orts]
Bran
By Mudyhole 10.2
   Doguerun 12. 
   Union Farm 15.2
   River Farm 13.2 5.2
   Mansionhouse 19.2  .9
   James Anderson & serts &ca 1.3    . 50
   John Neale 1. 
   William Stewart 1.     .200
   Generals use  .2 392.   
   Fis[h]ery 3. 
   Davie Mudyhole mid[lings]
25 lb.
   John Violet 1. 
   Cooper Miller & boys 1.2
   Fed to Sows & pigs  .1
81.2 392.250 5.  .9
Superfine Flour packed on hand formerly   6 Blls Fine flour packed on hand formerly  2 Blls
210 66 mid. 2
Ship Stuff delivered 68 2
 Still 1110 216 68 2
off this for the House   2
214
Dr. Coopers for the work of 3 hands Amounting per Week 18
Cr. By Trimming Pork & Beef Barrels at Mansion house 2  2
 "  dressing Fish Barrel Staves 10 & making flour Barrels 6 16
18
Miller Ben Working on the Mill Race
 do Working in the Mill
6
a General View of the Stock on the Estate of Mount Vernon 15 April 1797
Stud, Stud J[acks], Horses Asses, Mules Total
Mansion 1 6  7 10 25 49
River 12 12 24
Mudyhole  7  4 11
Doguerun  5  9 14
Union Farm 15  6 21
James Anderson  2  2
Mill & Distilery  1  1
1 6 49 10 56 122
Cattle Calves Total Sheep Lamb Total
Mansion 16  3 19  13   4  17
River 83 14 97  196  75  271
Mudyhole 33  2 35  49  19  68
Doguerun 67  6 73  135  41  176
Union Farm 65  2 67  111  33  144
James Anderson 15  9 24 
Mill & Distillry  2  1  3 
281 37 318  504  172  676

AD, in James Anderson’s hand, NjMoHP.

See the editorial note and notes 2 and 3 in the Farm Reports, 2–8 April.

1Cheat is a weed such as chess, bromegrass, or darnel, which resembles wheat and often grows among it.

2This number 5 was originally placed by mistake in the “Hom[iny]” column. When it was corrected and moved to its proper place under “Sh[orts] Bran,” the totals of the two columns were not corrected.

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