George Washington Papers

From George Washington to William Pearce, 8 March 1795

To William Pearce

Philadelphia 8th March 1795

Mr Pearce

I am sorry to find by your letter of the 1st of this instt enclosing the weekly reports1—that the Wheat on the ground is in so unpromising a way. Another short crop of this article will fall very heavy upon me. How does the Barley look? It was not my intention to use the Rollers until the frosts were over, & the ground was settled.

If the absconding of French’s Paul did not proceed from a quarrel with, or threats from, his Overseer, it will be found, I expect, that he has been guilty of some piece of roguery; of the discovery of which he was affraid: pains therefore ought to be taken to apprehend & bring him to punishment.2

What sort of lameness is Dicks (at D. Run), that he should have been confined with it for so many weeks? and what kind of sickness is Betty Davis’s that it should have had a similar effect upon her?3 If pretended ailments, without apparent causes, or visible effects, will screen her from work, I shall get no service at all from her; for a more lazy, deceitful & impudent huzzy, is not to be found in the United States than she is.

Is it Sarah that was among the Spinners at the Mansion house that is now in child-bed? If so, she seems to have begun in time.4

I have bought about 1000 yards of Oznabrigs (German) for cloathing of my people at Mount Vernon; but there is no conveyance for it at present.5 It shall be sent by the first vessel direct to Alexandria; but you must not delay this work on acct of the nonarrival thereof.

I have made considerable enquiry after lucern seed, but do not find, as yet, that I have any certainty of getting that which is good. You had better therefore see if any, on the goodness of which reliance is to be placed, can be had in Alexandria. My enquiries shall not cease on that account.

How does your New Overseer at Mansion house, & at Union farm conduct themselves?6 Is Allison sober, industrious and attentive? Is he not too much upon a level with those he overlooks, and of course too familiar with them? or does he keep them at a proper distance, remain always with them, and turn the labour of those hands who come to his aid, to the best advantage? To do this is a matter of considerable importance; otherwise the labour which will be lost at the respective farms, will not be gained at the Mansion house. I wish you well & am Yr friend

Go: Washington

P.S. What price does flour bear in Alexanda now? Superfine has again got up to ten dollars in this City & fine flour to 72/ pr barrl.7

ALS, ViMtvL; ALS (letterpress copy), DLC:GW.

1Neither the letter nor the reports have been found.

2French’s Paul, who was a worker at Union farm, had run away at least once before, in December 1790 (farm report, 19–25 Dec. 1790, DLC:GW). He evidently absconded in mid-February as he is listed as “Runaway 6 days” on the farm report for 15–21 Feb. (DLC:GW). On the farm report for 24–30 May, Paul appears as “abcent 6 days” (DLC:GW). He does not appear in the farm reports extant after that date, and he does not appear on GW’s 1799 list of slaves hired from Mrs. French (Papers, Retirement Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Retirement Series. 4 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1998–99. description ends , 4:540).

3On the farm report for 15–21 Feb., Dick was listed as “lame 6 days,” and the spinner Betty Davis was listed as sick on that report and on the previous report, for 8–14 February. Both, however, had resumed work by the report for 24–30 May, the next one identified (all reports, DLC:GW).

4The slave Sarah who was in child bed was not the knitter, but rather the Sarah (born c.1779) at Dogue Run who was the daughter of Charity. In 1799 Sarah had only one child, Lucy, who was reported to be 2 years old (farm report, 15–21 Feb., DLC:GW; Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 4:281; Papers, Retirement Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Retirement Series. 4 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1998–99. description ends , 4:535).

5A purchase of osnaburg cloth was recorded in the entry for 11 March in GW’s household accounts: “The Presidents a/c proper pd Rundle & Murgatroyd for 778 Ells Oznabs. @ 1½ [$]151.28” (Household Accounts description begins Presidential Household Accounts, 1793–97. Manuscript, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. description ends ).

6John Allison was the new overseer at the Mansion House farm, and John Groves was the overseer for Union farm.

7The postscript does not appear in the letterpress copy.

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