George Washington Papers

From George Washington to the United States Senate, 9 April 1792

To the United States Senate

United States [Philadelphia]
April the 9th 1792.

Gentlemen of the Senate,

I nominate the following persons for Appointments and Promotions in the Army of the United States.

Major General Anthony Wayne vice Arthur St Clair, who has resigned.
Brigadier General Daniel Morgan1 Virginia.
Brigadier General Marinus Willet New York.
Brigadier General John Brooks Massachusetts
Brigadier General James Wilkinson Kentucky.
Adjutant General and Inspector Winthrop Sargent North Westn Territory
Deputy Quarter Master General John Belli Kentucky.
Appointment of six Majors, for the proposed third and fourth legionary Corps, three to each.
✻Thomas Butler2 Pennsylvania
✻Henry Gaither3 Maryland
✻John Clark Pennsylvania
✻Henry Bedinger4 Virginia
Alexander Trueman Maryland from Captn in the 1st Regt
William McMahon Virginia

The Arrangements, Promotions and Appointments of Surgeons and Mates.

Richard Allison, promoted from the first Regiment, to be Surgeon on the General Staff.

For the four proposed legionary Corps.
John Elliott (already appointed)
John Scott, promoted from Surgeon’s mate.
John F. Carmichael ditto
Nathan Hayward ditto
Surgeon’s Mates
Elijah Tisdale (already appointed)
✻Charles Brown Pennsylvania.
✻James Woodhouse ditto
✻Joseph Philips New Jersey
✻William McCloskey Pennsylvania
Frederick Dalcho Maryland
James Mease Pennsylvania
Theophilus Elmer New Jersey

And for Garrisons on the Western and Southern frontiers, and for extra service.

William A. McCrea Delaware.
Thomas Hutchens Pennsylvania.
John Sellman Maryland
George Balfour Virginia
James Clayton Delaware.
Thomas Farley Massachusetts.
Promotions in the First Regiment of Infantry.
Erkuries Beatty vice Zeigler resigned 5th March 1792.
William Peters vice Strong promoted November 4th 1791.
Jacob Kingsbury vice Smith promoted December 28th 1791.
Ebenezer Denny vice Ashton promoted December 29th 1791.
Thomas Martin vice Rudulph promoted March 5th 1792.
Thomas Pasteur vice Beatty promoted March 5th 1792.
Mark McPherson vice Truman promoted March 5th 1792.
[ ]5 vice Peters promoted November 4th 1791.
James Clay vice Kingsbury promoted December 28th 1791.
Daniel Britt vice Denny promoted December 29th 1791.
Hamilton Armstrong vice Thompson resigned January 10th 1792.
Bartholomew Schomberg vice Martin promoted March 5th 1792.
Bernard Gains vice Pasteur promoted March 5: 1792.
John Wade vice McPherson promoted March 5th 1792.
Promotions in the Second Regiment of Infantry.
David Strong vice Heart killed November 4th 1791.
John Smith6 vice Trescott resigned, December 28th 1791.
Joseph Ashton vice Burnham, resigned, December 29th 1791.
Bazaleel Howe vice Kirkwood, killed November 4th 1791.
Daniel Bradley vice Phelon killed, November 4th 1791.
John Platt vice Newman killed November 4th 1791.
John Tillinghast vice Howe promoted November 4th 1791.
Daniel Tilton Junr vice Bradley promoted November 4th 1791.
Samuel Andrews vice Platt promoted November 4th 1791.
John Bird vice Warren, killed, November 4th 1791.
Micah McDonough vice Heth, promoted March 5th 1792.

Appointments of Ensigns to fill the Vacancies in the First and Second Regiments of Infantry.

Andrew McClary New Hampshire
Samuel Drake Connecticut
Daniel Bissell7 ditto
✻John Marschalk8 New Jersey
✻William Marts ditto
✻Lewis Bond ditto
✻John Lowrey ditto
Robert Hunter ditto
Peter Shoemaker Pennsylvania
William Marcus Mills ditto
Jacob Kreemer ditto
John Michael ditto
✻Felix Long ditto
✻Samuel B. Turner Maryland
✻John Whistler ditto
Isaac Younghusband Virginia
Henry Montfort Georgia
William Temple Payne, late of North Carolina.
✻William Powers Pennsylvania vice Guthrie, appointed 8th March 1792, and who declines.
William Lowder Virginia vice Biggs, appointed 8th March 1792, and who declines.
Hartman Leitheizer Pennsylvania vice Kelso, appointed 8th March 1792, and who declines.

Go: Washington

DS, DNA: RG 46, Second Congress, 1791–1793, Records of Executive Proceedings, President’s Messages—Executive Nominations; LB, DLC:GW.

Upon the receipt of this message on this date the Senate postponed considering it until 11 April. On that date the Senate resolved to advise and consent to the appointment of GW’s nominations of 9 April “except James Wilkinson, postponed generally, and John Belli postponed for further enquiry” (DLC:GW; Executive Journal, description begins Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States of America: From the commencement of the First, to the termination of the Nineteenth Congress. Vol. 1. Washington, D.C., 1828. description ends 1:117–19). Lear transmitted a copy of the Senate’s resolution to Henry Knox on 11 April by the president’s command (DLC:GW). The following day the secretary to the Senate, Samuel Allyne Otis, wrote Lear: “Understanding from General Knox that the President did not perfectly understand the vote of Senate on the nomination of General Wilkinson, I take the liberty to communicate to you a copy verbatim of the Journal of Yesterday” (DLC:GW). On 16 April the Senate resolved to advise and consent to the nominations of Wilkinson and Belli and ordered Otis to inform the president of its decision (ibid., 120). That same day GW’s secretary Bartholomew Dandridge transmitted a copy of the Senate’s resolution to Knox by the president’s direction (DLC:GW).

1On 5 May, Henry Knox sent Tobias Lear for submission to the president letters from Daniel Morgan and John Watts declining their commissions (DLC:GW). On 8 May, GW appointed Otho Holland Williams and William Winston, respectively, in their places (see GW to the U.S. Senate, 8 May 1792 [second letter]).

2An endnote on the manuscript says: “Those marked thus ✻ served with reputation in the Levies last year.” Thomas Butler (d. 1805) of Pennsylvania, who had risen to the rank of captain in the Continental army during the Revolutionary War, served as a major in the levies of 1791. He accepted this appointment as a major in the U.S. Army, and he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in July 1794 and colonel in April 1802.

3Henry Gaither (c.1751–1811) of Maryland, who had served throughout the Revolutionary War and had been brevetted a major in September 1783, was a major in the levies of 1791. He accepted this appointment as major in the U.S. Army, and he was promoted to lieutenant colonel in October 1793.

4Bedinger’s first name was George, not Henry (see GW to the U.S. Senate, 8 May 1792 [second letter]).

5Keyed to this point on the manuscript is the footnote: “reserved for John Morgan, if acquitted of the charges for which he is arrested.” For Morgan’s court-martial, see Knox to GW, 28 July, n.8.

6John Smith (d. 1811) of Massachusetts, who had served as a second lieutenant during the latter years of the Revolutionary War, was appointed a captain in the U.S. Army in October 1786. Although Smith resigned his commission as major in October 1793, he returned to the service as a lieutenant colonel in 1799–1800 and in 1809.

7Daniel Bissell (d. 1833) of Connecticut was promoted to lieutenant in January 1794, captain in January 1799, lieutenant colonel in August 1808, colonel in August 1812, and brigadier general in March 1814. Bissell retired from the U.S. Army in June 1821.

8Marschalk’s first name was Andrew, not John (see GW to the U.S. Senate, 8 May 1792 [second letter]).

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