George Washington Papers

Proclamation on the Treaty of Fort Harmar, 29 September 1789

Proclamation on the Treaty of Fort Harmar

[New York, 29 Sept. 1789]

By the President Of the United States of America.

A Proclamation.

Whereas by Virtue of Powers given by the United States in Congress assembled, to Arthur St. Clair, Governor of the Territory Northwest of the Ohio, and Commissioner Plenipotentiary for treating with the Indian Nations in the Northern Department, a Treaty was concluded at Fort-Harmar, on the ninth Day of January last past, by the said Arthur St. Clair, on the Part of the United States, with the Sachems, Chiefs and Warriors of the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippawa, Pattiwatima and Sac Nations.1

And whereas I have, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, in due Form ratified the said Treaty,—NOW Therefore, to the End that the same may be observed and performed with good Faith on the Part of the United States, I have ordered the said Treaty to be herewith published; and I do hereby enjoin and require all Officers of the United States, Civil and Military, and all other Citizens and Inhabitants thereof, faithfully to observe and fulfil the same.2

Given under my Hand in the City of New-York, this Twenty-ninth Day of September, in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Eighty-nine, and in the Thirteenth Year of the Sovereignty and Independence of the United States.

G. Washington.

By Command of the President of }
the United States of America
H. KNOX
Secretary for the Department of War.

Broadside, DLC: Peter Force Collection, Northwest Territory Miscellany. Another copy of this broadside was sold by Parke Bernet in 1943 (Historical & Literary Autographs Collected by A. C. Meyer).

1See Arthur St. Clair to GW, 2 May 1789. The text of the two treaties of 9 Jan. 1789, one with the “Wyandot, Delaware, Ottowa, Chippewa, Pattewatima, and Sac Nations” and the other with the Six Nations, are printed in DHFC description begins Linda Grant De Pauw et al., eds. Documentary History of the First Federal Congress of the United States of America, March 4, 1789-March 3, 1791. 20 vols. to date. Baltimore, 1972—. description ends , 2:152–63. The treaties, in the writing of Josiah Harmar and Arthur St. Clair, respectively, are in DNA: RG 11, treaties 15 and 16.

2The second page of the broadside in the Peter Force Collection begins “GEORGE WASHINGTON, President of the United States of America. To All to Whom These Presents Shall Come, Greeting: Whereas a Treaty between the United States, and the Wyandot, Delaware, Ottawa, Chippewa, Pattawatima, and Sac Nations of Indians, was in due Form made and concluded at Fort-Harmar, on the ninth Day of January last past, by Arthur St. Clair, Governor of the Territory North-west of the Ohio; who was duly authorized thereto by the said States on their Part, and by the Sachems and Warriors of the said Nations on their Part: Which Treaty is in the Form and Words following, viz.” The text of the treaty follows.

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