George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Henry Hollyday, 30 April 1785

From Henry Hollyday

Maryland, Talbot County, 30th of April 17[8]5.


At the instance of my Neice Miss Harriot Rebecca Anderson, the youngest Daughter, and, now, only surviving Child of Mr William Anderson Merchant of London, deceas’d, I am induced to make this application to You, as one of the Executors of the late Colo. Thomas Colvill of Virginia, for payment to her of a Legacy devised her by that Gentleman.1

This Lady, who came into Maryland, from London, in October, 1775, & for several years past has been one of my family, is possess’d of a Letter on this subject dated Mount Vernon Septr 10th 1773, from You, Sir, to her brother Edward Anderson, who had from her Guardian a power of Attorney to receive this Legacy; but, as He died in the course of the following Spring, I conclude You never heard anything farther from him.2 She is also in possession of a Letter from Mr John West junr, another of the Colonel’s Executors, dated Alexandria Feb. 7th 1776, to her Uncle James Hollyday3, of Queen Ann’s County; in which Mr West, among other things, says: “The late Colo. Thos Colvill died Octer 10th 1766, he made his will a few days before, and among other Legacies left Sixty or Eighty Pounds Sterling (Eighty I believe) to the youngest Daughter of Capt Wm Anderson in London. “—”The Money lies ready in London at any time, and we may expect the Genl✻ will return soon when this Affair shall be settled. I hope the young Lady will not be much injur’d by a few Month’s delay.”

Thus, Sir, has this matter rested till now, from a conviction of the impropriety of any measure which might have a tendency to divert your attention, from the great & important Affairs of the War, to the private concerns of an Individual.

I relie on the favor of Colo. Tench Tilghman to transmit this Letter under his own cover, & to inform you that the Lady in question, who is personally known to him, was received, and, ever since her arrival in this Country, has been acknowledged & treated, by her numerous Connexions & friends in these parts, as the person above described.

You will be pleas’d, Sir, to oblige me with an Answer through the hands of that Gentleman, and, if farther proof of Identity should be judged necessary, to point out the mode. I have the honour to be, Sir, Yr most obedt Servt

Henry Hollyday

✻Mr West had previously observed that General Washington was then absent on public affairs.

ALS, DLC:GW. Hollyday mistakenly dated the letter 1775.

Henry Hollyday (Holliday; c.1725–1789), of Ratcliffe Manor, Talbot County, Md., was subjected to a treble tax during the Revolution for refusing to take the oath of fidelity to the new government and was, for a time, in desperate financial straits. Tench Tilghman forwarded this letter with a covering one of his own, dated 14 May.

1Edward Anderson wrote GW from Annapolis on 13 Aug. 1773 that Rebecca Anderson had sent him her power of attorney to collect for her ward, Harriott Rebecca Anderson, the £80 sterling left to her by Thomas Colvill. For some of the difficulties GW encountered as an executor of Thomas Colvill’s estate, see GW to John West, Jr., December 1767, and notes.

2Harriot Rebecca Anderson’s guardian was her mother Rebecca Covington Lloyd Anderson (1713-1774), the wife/widow of William Anderson. Originally from Somerset County, Md., she was the daughter of Maj. Gen. Edward Lloyd (1670–1718), who served as royal governor of Maryland, 1709–14, and Sarah Covington Lloyd Hollyday (1683-1755). Tench Tilghman in his letter of 14 May confirmed what Hollyday wrote about Harriot Anderson, who, by the “imprudence of a Brother,” had been reduced “from affluence to intire dependance.” GW wrote Tilghman on 23 May, referring him to John West’s executor, his brother the Rev. William West (c.1736–1791), in Baltimore, for information about Miss Anderson’s legacy; but Tilghman reported that West had no papers relating to the Colvill estate. After Tench Tilghman’s death in March 1786, his father James Tilghman wrote GW about Miss Anderson and her legacy. GW responded that he still could not give “any satisfaction regarding the affairs of Colo. Thos Colville’s Estate; & of what can be done with the claim of Miss Anderson” (James Tilghman to GW, 7 July 1786, GW to James Tilghman, 20 July 1786; see also Thomas West to GW, 27 June 1786). For GW’s summary of how things stood with the Colvill matter one and a half years later, see GW to John Rumney, 24 Jan. 1788.

3James Hollyday (1722–1786) was a Queen Anne’s County lawyer who represented the county in the Maryland General Assembly, 1751–54, 1762–63, 1765–66, and 1768–70.

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