George Washington Papers

General Orders, 3 November 1780

General Orders

Head Quarters Totowa Friday November 3d 1780

Parole Totowa Countersigns Upton, West.
Watchword Watch

[Officers] For the Day Tomorrow[:] Brigadier General Glover[,] Colonel Butler[,] Lieutenant Colonel Hay[,] Major Talbot[,] Brigade Major Oliver

Lieutenant Enos Reeves of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment is appointed Quarter Master of the same vice Lieutenant Joseph Banks from the 1st Instant.1

In the publication of the Extracts of the Resolves of Congress of the 3d and 21st of October there was an omission of part of that of the 3d declaring that the retiring officers should be entitled to land at the close of the war agreeable to the resolution of the 16th of September 1776,2 though the Resolution of the 21st is silent on this Article, the General has no doubt that it remains in force.3

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1Enos Reeves (d. 1807) joined the 11th Pennsylvania Regiment as ensign in May 1777 and became its adjutant that September. Promoted to 2d lieutenant the following month and to 1st lieutenant in March 1778, he transferred to the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment that July, to the 2d Pennsylvania Regiment in January 1781, and finally to the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment in January 1783. Reeves left the army that November and soon after moved to South Carolina, where he worked as a jeweler. For his wartime observations starting in September 1780, see Reeves, “Letter-books.”

Joseph Banks became ensign in the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment in September 1777 and began as regimental quartermaster that December. Promoted to lieutenant in June 1778, he retired from the army in January 1781.

2The congressional resolution adopted on 16 Sept. 1776 granted lands “to the officers and soldiers who shall so engage in the service, and continue therein to the close of the war, or until discharged by Congress, and to the representatives of such officers and soldiers as shall be slain by the enemy:

“Such lands to be provided by the United States, and whatever expence shall be necessary to procure such land, the said expence shall be paid and borne by the states in the same proportion as the other expences of the war, viz.

“To a colonel, 500 acres; to a lieutenant colonel, 450; to a major, 400; to a captain, 300; to a lieutenant, 200; to an ensign, 150; each non-commissioned officer and soldier, 100” (JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 5:763; see also John Hancock to GW, 24 Sept. 1776, and n.1 to that document).

3Extracts from congressional resolutions passed on 3 and 21 Oct. 1780 to reform the Continental army had appeared in the general orders for 1 November.

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