George Washington Papers

General Orders, 7 October 1780

General Orders

Head Quarters Paramus [N.J.] Saturday October 7th 1780

Parole Asia Countersigns Brave; Best.
Watchword, Be, ready

[Officers] For the day Tomorrow[:] Brigadier General Patterson[,] Lieutenant Colonel Fumald[,] Major Prior[,] Brigade Major Ashley

If tomorrow is fair the General and Assemble will beat, the baggage file off and the Army march at the same time as this morning1—The Van under command of the new and the rear Guard under command of the New, and the rear Guard under Command of the old officers of the day will parade in the Hackensack road where the Totowa road branches off.

The Connecticutt Division will mount the necessary Picquets on the right: Baron Steuben’s on the left: General Howe’s a Sub. and twenty at Head quarters, the same in the rear on the Totowa road; a Corporal and six at the Quarter Master General’s and the same Number at the Adjutant General’s.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1Pvt. Elijah Fisher of the 11th Massachusetts Regiment wrote in his journal for this date: “The army left Oringtown the genl. was beat at seven of the Clock in the morning and we Marched at Nine and after twelve miles march we Come to Puramas at half past ten in the Evening and a tegas N. E. storm we had and suffered much with the Cold and rane” (Fisher’s Journal description begins Wm. B. Lapham, ed. Elijah Fisher’s Journal while in the War for Independence, and Continued Two Years After He Came to Maine. 1775–1784. Augusta, Maine, 1880. description ends , 16; see General Orders, 6 Oct.). Lt. William S. Pennington of the 2d Continental Artillery Regiment commented in his diary entry for this date on “excessive rain” that “made it very disagreeable marching, and the amazing bad roads” (Pennington, “Diary,” description begins A. C. M. Pennington, contributor. “Diary of William S. Pennington, of New Jersey, 1780–1781.” Journal of the Military Service Institution of the United States 4 (1883): 314–29. description ends 322).

Ensign Jeremiah Greenman wrote in his diary entry for this date: “this day agreable to yesterdays orders the army all marched. the right wing went toward paramus & Newwork, & four Brigades, consisting of Jersey, Newyork, [New] Hamshear & Genl Stark’s under Command of Major Genl. Green marched for west Point, our first halt was at Greenbush where we tarried about an hour then proceeded on in the rain & cold to Haverstraw where we incamped, and ordered to hold our Selvs in Readyness to march in the Morning” (Greenman, Diary description begins Robert C. Bray and Paul E. Bushnell, eds. Diary of a Common Soldier in the American Revolution, 1775-1783: An Annotated Edition of the Military Journal of Jeremiah Greenman. DeKalb, Ill., 1978. description ends , 183).

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