George Washington Papers

General Orders, 19 September 1780

General Orders

Head Quarters Steenrapia Tuesday Septemr 19. 1780

Parole Falmouth Countersigns Fame H.
Watchword here here

[Officers] For the day Tomorrow[:] Brigadier General Glover[,] Colonel Greaton[,] Lieutenant Colonel Peters[,] Major T. L. Moore[,] Brigade Major Oliver.

At seven ô clock tomorrow morning the General will beat the Assemble at nine—and the Army will march at ten.

The baggage will precede the Army and begin to file off precisely at eight—agreeable to the order of march to be given for the purpose. The baggage that is not ready to fall in agreeable to the order will be thrown out of the line and left in the rear of the troops; it is expected therefore the officers will be punctual in having the baggage ready to move at the time appointed.

The General desires the march may be conducted agreeable to the Regulations and with the greatest regularity;1 for this purpose every officer is requested to attend to his particular command.

Before the March commences the soldiers are to fill their Canteens with Water and the roll is to be called about one quarter of an hour before the Line of March is taken up.

The officers who lead the columns will take care to regulate the Motions of the Troops so as not to injure them by too rapid a march and will order proper halts at about every five Miles distance, and if possible at such places as to give the men an opportunity to replenish their Canteens with Water.

The invalids are to precede the Baggage and the officer commanding the baggage escort will take care and provide for those that shall fail on the March.

He is to allow no women to ride in the waggons unless their peculiar circumstances require it.2

The sick of the light infantry and of the right wing who are unable to march are to be collected near General Pattersons brigade in the second line—Those of the left wing and Park of Artillery at the road leading to Paramus near Lord stirling’s Quarters—The whole to be collected at three o clock this afternoon.

Major Talbot is appointed Member of the General Court martial whereof Colonel H. Jackson is President vice Major Leavensworth ordered on Command.3

Brigadier General Glover with the new Field officers of the day will Command the Vanguard which is to be formed in the road on the Left of the New Hampshire brigade at the beating of the General. The Camp colour men are to be paraded at the same time and place.

Brigadier General Clinton with the old field officers of the day will command the rear Guard which is to be formed on the Grand Parade at ten ô clock.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW. Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene issued the general orders for this date (see The Hartford Conference, 20–22 Sept., editorial note).

Col. Israel Angell began his diary entry for 20 Sept.: “A Clowdy morning, the General was beat this morning at Seven oClock, the baggage fild off at Eight, the Assembly beat at 9 the troops marched a little past ten went to Tappan and Encamped upon the Same Ground we went from the 23rd of August past” (Field, Angell Diary description begins Edward Field, ed. Diary of Colonel Israel Angell, Commanding the Second Rhode Island Continental Regiment during the American Revolution, 1778–1781. Providence, 1899. description ends , 120; see also GW to Nathanael Greene, 18 Sept.).

1See Steuben, Regulations description begins [Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben]. Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States. Philadelphia, 1779. description ends , 67–76.

2Pregnant women probably fulfilled the “peculiar circumstances” criteria (see General Orders, 4 Aug. 1777).

3For this court-martial, see General Orders, 14 Sept. 1780.

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