George Washington Papers

General Orders, 14 August 1780

General Orders

Head Quarters Orange town Monday August 14th 1780

Parole Saxony Countersigns Upton Vincent
Watchword Enterprize

[Officer] For the Day Tomorrow[:] Brigadier General Nixon

At five ô clock tomorrow morning the Inspector General will take four battalions from the second line and perform a March manner of entering a Camp—service of the Guards and the different duties in Camp.

The division and brigade inspectors—Quarter Masters of Brigades and regiments are to attend to this Exercise.

The General desires all superior officers also who are not on duty to attend—for which purpose the exercise of two battalions from each division is to be deferred till tomorrow afternoon five ô clock.1

Orderly Serjeants for the General Court martial from the Left Wing tomorrow.

The old Soldiers who have been drafted for Waggoners are immediately to be relieved by an equal number of drafts from the regiments which they were drafted from.

No sick are to be sent to the Hospitals unless by an order from the Director General or some of the surgeons of the Flying Hospital.

At a Division General Court martial whereof Colonel Angell was President the 10th of July last held by order of Major General Lord Stirling.

Henry Finn2 of Colonel Angell’s regiment3 was tried for “plundering the inhabitants while on command at Paramus and abusing a woman” and Acquitted: He is to be released from Confinement.

At the same Court Lieutenant Boss of the fourth Pennsylvania regiment was tried on the following charges.

“1st For ungentlemanlike behavior in imposing a falsehood on Major Church—Also for Assisting in prosecuting the Major on groundless and malicious charges to the prejudice of Major Church’s Character.”

“2d For being frequently intoxicated with Liquor and for beating and abusing Soldiers when in that situation contrary to good order.”

“3d For Neglect of duty and for unofficerlike behavior in making use of Expressions unbecoming the Character of an Officer and Gentleman against Lieutenant Colonel Butler and Major Church: also for a breach of his Arrest on other charges subversive of good order and Military discipline.”

The Court are of opinion that the 4th charge is not supported and that the 1st 2d 3d and 5th are groundless and malicious they therefore acquit him of the whole with honor.

The Commander in Chief confirms the opinion of the Court Lieutenant Boss is released from Arrest.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

2Henry Finn, a private, enlisted for the duration of the war in the 16th Massachusetts Regiment, formerly Col. Henry Jackson’s Additional Continental Regiment, in December 1778.

3A brigade orderly book has “Col. Jacksons Regt” in place of the previous three words (Orderly Book of the New Jersey Brigade description begins Orderly Book of the New Jersey Brigade July 30 to October 8, 1780 Including General Orders Issued by General George Washington and also by Major General Nathanael Greene While in Temporary Command of the Continental Army. From the Original Manuscript in the New York Public Library. Hackensack, N.J., 1922. description ends , 16).

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