George Washington Papers

General Orders, 26 July 1780

General Orders

Head Quarters Pracaness Wednesday July 26th 1780.

Parole Parma Countersigns F B
Watchword Circumspect

[Officers] For the day Tomorrow[:] Lieutenant Colonel North[,] Brigade Major Bradford

Instead of the light Infantry directed by the order of the 16th instant the 1st and 3d pennsylvania regiments will furnish a company of rifle men each of forty two rank and file—If these regiments have not the number of riflemen requisite the deficiency is to be drawn from the other regiments of that line and the aforemention’d regiments will furnish an equal number of men to the others in Exchange. Major Parr will take command of these two Companies and will take immediate measures for preparing Arms and Accoutrements.

Robert Thomas Johnson Richards was tried at a General Court Martial whereof Colonel Richard Butler is President for “Being a Spy” The Court are of opinion the Charge is not supported and do acquit him. He is to be released from Confinement.1

At the same Court Wait Warden and Ebenezer Hill of the 1st Connecticut regiment were tried for stealing a barrel of flour from Commissary Gamble: found Guilty of a breach of Article 5 Section 18 of the Articles of War and sentenced to receive one hundred lashes each on their bare backs.2

Lieutenant Bonham of the 1st Jersey regiment was tried at the same Court on the following Charge vizt “That from inattention or other misconduct he suffer’d John Quail and Daniel Diamond, two prisoners, to escape, the latter a prisoner of War.”3

The Court do acquit Lieutenant Bonham of inattention and misconduct with respect to the escape of the prisoners mention’d in the Charge against him.

The Commander in Chief approves the acquittal Lieutenant Bonham is releas’d from Arrest.

The sentences against Warden and Hill are confirm’d and order’d to be put in execution tomorrow morning at Guard mounting on the Grand Parade.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1For the appointment of this court, see General Orders, 9 July.

2For this article of war, see General Orders, 7 July, n.4.

Wait Worden (Warden) enlisted for the war in the 1st Connecticut Regiment in February 1777. He deserted in October 1780.

Ebenezer Hill (born c.1756) enlisted for the war in the 1st Connecticut Regiment in December 1776. He later served in the 3d and 5th Connecticut regiments before his discharge in 1783.

3Absalom Bonham (1739–1794) joined the 4th New Jersey Regiment as an ensign in May 1777 and became a second lieutenant in November of that year. He transferred to the 1st New Jersey Regiment in February 1779. He received a promotion to first lieutenant in March 1780 and left the army in April 1783.

Two privates named John Quail, or Quaile, served in the Continental army, one in the 3d Virginia Regiment and the other in the 4th Continental Dragoons.

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