George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Samuel Huntington, 10 February 1780

From Samuel Huntington

Philadelphia Feby 10. 1780


your Excellency will receive herewith enclosed the Copy of an act of Congress of the 9th Instant requiring that for the ensuing Campaign the States furnish by drafts or otherwise on or before the first day of april next the deficiencies of their several Quotas so as to make the number of men exclusive of Commissioned Officers for the Continental Service 35,211 for the present year, the particular Quotas to each State being assigned by the Act except Georgia which under its present Circumstances is separately considered.1

you will please to observe that all the men whose times of Service do not expire before the last Day of September next are to be counted towards the quotas of the States to which they respectively belong, whether they compose the Battallions in the line of the several States, or the additional Corps or departments mentioned in the act.

As I am sensible of your Excellencies anxiety on account of the delay of this business allready, it is needless to mention the propriety of transmitting to the several States an accurate Account of their respective deficiencies without farther loss of time.

Similar Copies of the Act enclosed are forwarded to all the States except Georgia and Congress have under Consideration a general Regulation to make provision in future if necessary to recruit the army annually in the month of January.2 I have the honour to be with every sentiment of respect your Excy’s hble Servant

S. Huntington President

P.S. Your letter of the 30. Jany hath been duly received.

LS, DLC:GW; LB, DNA:PCC, item 14.

1Huntington enclosed two resolves extracted from the journals of Congress, both dated 9 Feb. and signed by Charles Thomson, secretary of Congress. The first resolve reads: “That for the ensuing Campaign the States be respectively required to furnish by drafts or otherwise on or before the first day of April next their respective deficiencies of the Number of 35,211 Men, exclusive of Commissioned Officers which Congress deem necessary for the service of the present year.

“That the quotas of the several States be as follows; New hampshire—1215 Massachusetts Bay 6070 Rhode-Island—810 Connecticut—3238 New York—1620 New Jersey—1620 Pensylvania—4855 Delaware—405 Maryland—3238 Virginia—6070 North Carolina—3640 South Carolina—2430. Exclusive of blacks.

“That all the Men whose times of service do not expire before the last day of Septemr next be counted towards the quotas of the States to which they respectively belong, whether they compose the battalions in the Line of the several States, those of the Additional Corps including the Guards, the Artillery and horse, or the regimented Artificers in the departments of the quarter Master Genl & Commissary Genl of Military Stores who being credited to the States respectively should be provided for, deemed & treated in the same manner with the Men in the several State lines. And it is recommended to the several States to make like provision for the Officers & Men of the Artillery, horse Additional Corps including the guards & regimented Artificers as may be made in pursuance of any resolution of Congress for the Officers & Men of their respective battalions with such exceptions respecting the regimented Artificers as have been made by Congress in their Acts concerning them.

“That the Commander in chief be directed forthwith to transmit to the several States accurate returns of the Troops now in service belonging or credited to their respective quotas; to the intent that immediate measures be taken by the Governments of the States to bring the Men to be raised, into the field with certainty and expedition.”

The second resolve reads: “That the reasonable expence any State hath incurred or may incur by raising and having in the continental Army more than what shall hereafter appear to have been their just proportions of the troops actually serving in the said Army from time to time shall be allowed to such States and equitably adjusted in a final settlement of their Accounts with the United States” (both in DLC:GW; see also JCC, description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends 16:149–51). For Congress’s separate resolutions on Georgia, whose chief towns were under British occupation, and the state’s quota for the army, see Huntington to GW, 12 Feb., n.1.

2The resolutions represented the long-debated response to GW’s letter to Huntington of 18 Nov. 1779 on the state of the army and the need to bring it up to strength for the next campaign (see Elbridge Gerry to GW, 12 Jan., and GW to Gerry, 29 Jan.; see also Huntington’s letter to the states of this date in Smith, Letters of Delegates, description begins Paul H. Smith et al., eds. Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774–1789. 26 vols. Washington, D.C., 1976–2000. description ends 14:405–6).

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