George Washington Papers

General Orders, 28 August 1779

General Orders

Head-Quarters Moore’s-House [West Point]
Saturday Augt 28th 1779.

Parole Ridgfield— C. Signs White. Hopkins.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

A document entitled, “State of the Continental Troops under the immediate Command of His Excellency George Washington Esq. General &c.,” dated this date and signed by Adjutant Gen. Alexander Scammell, gives the strengths of the thirteen infantry brigades present with the main army. The report identifies the number of officers: commissioned, staff, and non-commissioned. It also identifies the number of “Rank & File” present fit for duty, sick present, sick absent, on command, and on furlough. Listed as “Present fit for Action” are 1,494 men in the two Virginia brigades of Major General Stirling’s division at Ramapo, N.J.; 3,230 in the two Maryland brigades of Maj. Gen. Johann Kalb’s division plus the two Pennsylvania brigades of Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair’s division “Near W[est] Point”; 2,501 in the three brigades of Maj. Gen. Alexander McDougall’s West Point garrison; and 3,280 in the four brigades of Maj. Gen. William Heath’s left wing, positioned east of the Hudson River. In sum, the men present and fit for action in GW’s main army totaled 10,505. The report notes 242 soldiers needed clothing and sixty-one soldiers lacked arms; it also notes that the troops of the Light Infantry Corps are included in the numbers for their parent brigades (DLC:GW). For the organization of the main army for the campaign of 1779, see General Orders, 19 July 1779. For the organization of the Light Infantry Corps, see General Orders, 15 June and also 13, 22, and 23 July.

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