George Washington Papers

General Orders, 23 June 1779

General Orders

Head-Quarters New-Windsor1 Wednesday June 23rd 79.

Parole [  ]C. Signs [  ]

While the Army remains in its present situation, General Heath will take command of the three brigades on the east side of the river,2 Parsons’s, Nixon’s and Huntington’s.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW. No general orders are recorded for 22 June.

1Pvt. Elijah Fisher, then a member of the Commander-in-Chief’s Guard, wrote an entry in his diary for 21 June: “We Left Smith’s Clove and after fourteen miles march we Come to Mr. Ellis[on] in New Winsor where the Gen. had his Quarters and picht our tents” (Fisher’s Journal, description begins Wm. B. Lapham, ed. Elijah Fisher’s Journal while in the War for Independence, and Continued Two Years After He Came to Maine. 1775–1784. Augusta, Maine, 1880. description ends 12).

A letter from Maj. Caleb Gibbs to Thomas Ellison, written at Smiths Clove, N.Y., on 21 June, 5:30 A.M., reads: “His Excellency the Commander in Chief thinks proper to accept your house as Head Quarters by the discriptio[n] I gave him on my Return from thence last night—he with his suite sets off immediately. & the baggage will follow” (NNebgGW).

2Maj. Gen. William Heath had arrived at New Windsor on 21 June and met GW at West Point on 22 June (see Wilson, Heath’s Memoirs, description begins Rufus Rockwell Wilson, ed. Heath’s Memoirs of the American War. 1798. Reprint. New York, 1904. description ends 218). Heath briefly acknowledged his new command in his first letter to GW of 25 June. For Heath’s departure from Boston, see his letter to GW of 5 June and n.2 to that document.

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