George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Brigadier General John Stark, 16 October 1778

From Brigadier General John Stark

Albany 16th October 1778

Dear General

yours of 8th October Came Duly to hand you have Ordered those Troops that are posted at Fort Edward to Quarter at Saratoga Which will be Complyd with; I have Recd no Instructions Where those that are at Otter Creek will be Quartered, I would be Glad to be Informd.

Enclosed is a Copy of a Letter from Mr Dean to General Schuyler which I Recd by Express1 I have heard nothing from Colo. Butler Since he left Schoharie But think it Cannot be Long before Some Inteligance I have from him. I am Sir your most Obedient Humble Sert

John Stark

LS, DLC:GW. GW received this letter on 20 Oct., when he forwarded to Gov. George Clinton the enclosed letter from Deane to Schuyler of 10 Oct. (see GW to George Clinton, 20 Oct., and Clinton to GW, 21 Oct.).

1The enclosed copy of the letter that American Indian agent James Deane wrote to Maj. Gen. Philip Schuyler on 10 Oct. from Fort Schuyler, N.Y., reads: “As the Seneca Cheif Called the Great Tree passed Through Oneida (being the Same Who had been the Summer past with General Washington) he gave our Freinds the most Solemn Assurances that Upon his Arrival in his Own Country he would Exert his Utmost Influence to Dispose his Tribe to peace & Freindship with the United States and that Should his Attempts prove Unsuccessfull he would immediately Leave his Nation and Join the Oneidas with his Freinds & Adherants—A Long time have Elapsed without hearing any thing From the Great Tree. the Oneidas a few Days Since Dispatchd a Runner to him Desireing an Account of his Success—The Express Returned yesterday with The following Inteligance which the Sachems Immediately forwarded to me by three of there Warriours Namely that upon his Arrival [in] the Seneca Country he found the People in Arms and the two Villages Kanadasege [Canadasaga] & Jenesee [Geneseo] Where he was Crouded with there Warriours who were all Collected from their more Remote Settlements that upon the Great trees first Arrival Appearances seemd to promise him success but that a Rumour being Circulated that the Americans were About to Invade them they had all flown to Arms the Great Tree with the Rest had Determined to Chastize the Enemy that Dared to presume to penetrate their Country that they are to be Joined by all the Indians as far as the Onandagos a Small party of which Tribe also have Gone to Meet them and Likewise those of the Several Settlements upon the Branches of the Susquehanna that the Seneca were to March the Eighth and the Quigogo [Cayuga] the Ninth Instant that the Whole party were to Rendezvous at Kanakals a place Situated upon that Branch of the Susquehanna Called the Teyoga Branch and from thence Were to proceed against The frontiers of Pennsylvenia or the Jersies our Oneida Freinds Rely on the Authentecuty of the Above Inteligance and Beg it May not be Neglected” (DLC:GW). The rendezvous apparently was Kannakalo (also called Kannawalohalla), an Iroquois village at present-day Elmira, N.Y., that was destroyed by Maj. Gen. John Sullivan’s expedition in August 1779 (see Beauchamp, Aboriginal Place Names of New York description begins William M. Beauchamp. Aboriginal Place Names of New York. 1907. Reprint. Detroit, 1971. description ends , 42–43, and Hodge, Handbook description begins Frederick Webb Hodge, ed. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. 2 vols. Washington, D.C., 1907-10. description ends , 1:652). Great Tree (or Big Tree) was the Seneca chief Karontowanen (or Kalondowea). For accounts of the Seneca delegation that visited GW’s camp in June 1778, see Commissioners of Indian Affairs to GW, 9 June, and GW to Benedict Arnold, 21 June 1778 (first letter). In 1790 Great Tree was one of three Seneca chiefs who went to Philadelphia to negotiate with GW and Congress (see the Seneca Chiefs to GW, 1 Dec. 1790, in Papers, Presidential Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Presidential Series. 17 vols. to date. Charlottesville, Va., 1987–. description ends , 7:7–16, and Henry Knox to GW, 27 Dec. 1790, in Papers, Presidential Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Presidential Series. 17 vols. to date. Charlottesville, Va., 1987–. description ends , 7:121–28).

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