George Washington Papers

General Orders, 19 August 1778

General Orders

Head-Quarters W. Plains Wednesday Augt 19th 78.

Parole Sardinia—C. Signs Sharon. Saw-Pitts.

The Commander in Chief is informed that many Corps which have had Cloathing sent to them from their respective States continue nevertheless to make returns and draw from the Continental Stores in the same manner as if no such Provision had ever been made for them—This Practice he does in express and positive terms forbid, unless the Officers commanding such Corps will evince beyond a doubt that the Cloathing from their respective states is not and never will be made a Continental Charge.

The honorable the Congress were pleased to pass on the 12th instant the following Resolution—Resolved, That every Officer in the Army of the United States whose duty requires his being on horseback in time of Action be allowed a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars as a compensation for any horse he shall have killed in battle; This resolution to have retrospect as far as the 1st of May 1777—and that the Quarter Master General be and he is hereby authorized to pay the Value of such horses not exceeding the said sum to the respective sufferers on the Facts being properly authenticated.1

Lieutenant Hiwill of Colonel Cranes Regiment of Artillery is appointed Inspector and Superintendent of Music in the Army and is to be respected accordingly2—His Pay and Rations to be made equal to a Captains in the Train.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1For this resolution, see JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 11:777–78.

2John Hiwell (d. 1788) had been a lieutenant in Col. John Crane’s Continental Artillery Regiment (later the 3d Continental Artillery Regiment) since its organization in early 1777. He continued to serve in the regiment and as inspector of music until June 1783, being promoted to first lieutenant in February 1780. After the war he settled in Savannah, Ga., where he taught music.

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