George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Colonel Stephen Moylan, 27 June 1778

From Colonel Stephen Moylan

scotch meetinghouse [N.J.]1
nine ôclock P.M. 27th June 1778


I am just come from Longstreets hill.2 I sent an officer Since sunset close in to the Lines and from his report, with my own observation there was no appearance of a movement, I sent an officer on the Middletown & Shrewsbury roads, who makes the Same report, I will be out before the Sun, & if any thing new you will hear it from Sir your most ob. H: St

Stephen Moylan


1This Presbyterian church, also known as the Old Scots Meeting House, was located in what is now Marlboro Township, Monmouth County, about seven miles north of Monmouth Court House.

2Moylan wrote another letter on this date from “Toponamos Church … 5 miles from [Monmouth] Courthouse.” Although the letter was addressed to Steuben, it may ultimately have been intended for GW: “a rascal who was trumpet Major to the first Regimt deserted to the enemy last evening which obligd me to move of[f] my party from Longstreets on the hill from Whence the Baron wrote yesterday, I left an officer and four of the best mountd, who were obligd to retire from a large party of the enemies light horse at day break this morng. I met them here, and they are of opinion that the enemy were then in motion. I have sent a party to the Same place, and another to the shrewsbury and Midletown roads from whom I expect to hear in an hour, I am just going upon the Same rout, with horses almost wore down, I wish Some of Whites party were Sent to me otherwise I shall not be able to do any thing Satisfactory, when I can be certain of their rout, I will dispatch a horseman with the inteligence” (DLC:GW). Moylan was writing from St. Peter’s Episcopal Church at Topanemus, about five miles north of Monmouth Court House. A new St. Peter’s Church was being built at this time in the village of Monmouth Court House, but it was not yet finished when the battle began.

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