George Washington Papers

General Orders, 25 June 1778

General Orders

Head-Quarters Kingstown [N.J.] Thursday June 25th 78.

Parole Monmouth—CSigns Minden. Mexico.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

GW’s aide James McHenry wrote in his diary on this date: “March to Rocky Hill. Cross the Millstone by a Bridge, & hault at Kingston. A Breakfast at Mrs. Berians [Margaret Berrien]—good Tea & agreeable conversation. A Dinner in the Woods—The General receives advice that the English right column Marched from Imleys Town by the road to Monmouth Court House. The Marquiss de la Fayette is detached to support Scott, with 1000 Men—with orders to take command of the whole detached Troops. The Young French Man in raptures with his commd & burning to distinguish himself moves towards the Enemy who are in motion. It is night before the Main Body of our Army Marches & then only to Laurences, 4 Miles from Kingston” (NN: Emmet Collection; see also McHenry, Journal, 4, and “Wild Journal,” description begins “The Journal of Ebenezer Wild (1776–1781), who served as Corporal, Sergeant, Ensign, and Lieutenant in the American Army of the Revolution.” Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 6 (1890–91): 78–160. description ends 109). GW’s aide Robert Hanson Harrison paid $14 “To Thos Wetheral the morning after we left Kingston,” 26 June (vouchers and receipted accounts, 1776–80, DLC: GW, ser. 5, vol. 29).

A British brigade order book entry for this date records that “The whole army continued their route, Lieutenant-General Knyphausen’s division moving off their ground near Emely’s Town at 4 o’clock in the morning, General Clinton’s column with Brigadier-General Leslie’s corps filing off to their right and falling into the rear of Knyphausen’s division. The army had now advanced so far into Jersey that there was more reason to expect the enemy in our rear than in front; some alteration was therefore made in the disposition of General Clinton’s column, the guards, grenadiers, and light infantry forming the rear of the column instead of the front. The whole halted from 12 to 3 o’clock in order to refresh the men and horses and then proceeded, Lieutenant-General Knyphausen to Thompson’s meeting house and General Clinton to the Rising Sun. The roads through which the army marched this day were remarkably bad” (Whinyates, Services of Francis Downman description begins F. A. Whinyates, ed. The Services of Lieut.-Colonel Francis Downman, R.A., in France, North America, and the West Indies, between the Years 1758 and 1784. Woolwich, England, 1898. description ends , 67; see also Gruber, Peebles’ American War description begins Ira D. Gruber, ed. John Peebles’ American War: The Diary of a Scottish Grenadier, 1776–1782. Mechanicsburg, Pa., 1998. description ends , 192).

Index Entries