George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Major General Philemon Dickinson, 24 June 1778

From Major General Philemon Dickinson

Trenton [N.J.] 24th June 1778
½ past 6, OClock [a.m.]

Dr Sir

I am this moment returned from the Drawbridge, & saw the rear of the Enemy march of[f], from their encampment—a few Videts still continue on the Hill.

I believe they have filed off towards Allentown, & Crosswicks, & suppose they will continue their march for Cranberry—Col: Morgan marches in the Afternoon, for Allentown, as tis most agreable to him, to fall on their rear—I shall order about three hundred Militia who are now collected there, to join him—Col: White with forty Lt Horse, have march’d for the same purpose—the remainder of the Militia, except those in front, & a few on the right flank, with Gen. Maxwells Brigade, will continue on the left flank—as the latter have been much fatigued last Night, it will be very late in the day, before they march I forgot to inform your Excellency, that Genl Maxwell has two Company’s in the rear.

The Enemy hung a Man near the Black horse, & have burnt several Houses.1 I have the honor to be, Your Excellency’s most Ob. St

Philemon Dickinson

P.S. your Excellency will excuse this blotted scrawl, as I am rather sleepy.


1British captain John Peebles wrote in his diary on 21 June that some German Jägers had captured a deserter from the 28th Regiment of Foot; on the next day he wrote that after a court-martial the man was “hang’d on the Road” near Black Horse, New Jersey. On 24 June, Peebles recorded: “Coll. Shrieves house (a Rebel Coll.) and Mr. Talmon’s (a Congress man) burn’t yesterday on the march contrary to orders and notwithstanding all the precautions taken, a good deal of plundering going on” (Gruber, Peebles’ American War description begins Ira D. Gruber, ed. John Peebles’ American War: The Diary of a Scottish Grenadier, 1776–1782. Mechanicsburg, Pa., 1998. description ends , 190–91).

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