George Washington Papers

General Orders, 21 June 1778

General Orders

Head-Quarters Coryell’s-Ferry [N.J.] June 21st 1778.

ParoleC. Signs

A Gill of spirits pr man to be issued to the Troops this day. Those Brigades which are out of provision will draw this afternoon at Mr Simpson’s on the Hill the West-Side of the Ferry.1

No men are to be permitted to bathe till sunset. The Troops are to begin to cross the Ferry at half past three ôClock tomorrow morning precisely, at which time the new Guards are to parade on the East Side the Ferry and the old ones on the West where the Officers who are to march in the Rear will also assemble.

The General to beat at three quarters past two and the troop at a quarter past three in the morning.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

James McHenry wrote in his diary on this date: “A Rapid Mornings March—excessive hot. Some of the Soldiers die suddenly. Reach Coryls Ferry—Encamp on the Pennsylvania side. The General crosses with the spare baggage and artillery. Head Quarters at one Holcombs in the Jersey. Here are some charming Girls—But one of the Drums of the Guard more a favorite than Hamilton” (NN: Emmet Collection; see also McHenry, Journal, 3; “Wild Journal,” description begins “The Journal of Ebenezer Wild (1776–1781), who served as Corporal, Sergeant, Ensign, and Lieutenant in the American Army of the Revolution.” Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society 6 (1890–91): 78–160. description ends 108–9; and Godfrey, Commander-in-Chief’s Guard description begins Carlos E. Godfrey. The Commander-in-Chief’s Guard: Revolutionary War. Washington, D.C., 1904. description ends , 9). Richard Holcombe (d. 1783) lived near Amwell in Hunterdon County, New Jersey. GW’s expenses for 23 June included £10.17.6 paid Richard Holcombe for “38 dinners,” “bread butter & other necessaries,” and “Trouble &c. made in the house” (NjHi; see also household account book, 11 April 1776–21 Nov. 1780, DLC:GW, ser. 5, vol. 28).

Knyphausen’s division marched from Moorestown, N.J., on this date “at 3 o’clock, nearly in the same order of march as the day before, and joined the other division which had halted at Mount Holly, about 9 o’clock in the morning. The whole army being again united at Mount Holly encamped in two lines, the division under Lieutenant-General Knyphausen forming in the rear of that which had taken post there the day before” (Whinyates, Services of Francis Downman description begins F. A. Whinyates, ed. The Services of Lieut.-Colonel Francis Downman, R.A., in France, North America, and the West Indies, between the Years 1758 and 1784. Woolwich, England, 1898. description ends , 66).

1John Simpson (1732–1804) owned a farm of about 150 acres in Solebury Township, Bucks County, near Coryell’s Ferry.

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