George Washington Papers

General Orders, 17 June 1778

General Orders

Head-Quarters V. Forge Wednesday June 17th 1778.

Parole Dorchester—C. Signs Derryfield Danbury—

At a General Court-Martial whereof Coll Livingston was President, June 12th 1778—John Shay an Inhabitant of this State tried for attempting to supply the Enemy with Provisions, found not guilty of the Charge exhibited against him and acquitted.

The Commander in Chief approves the sentence.

The Brigade Quarter Masters will call on the Commissary of Military Stores for their respective Proportions of Tin Cannisters which are to be kept by them with the Spare Ammunition, filled with Cartridges and delivered out proportionably to the several Regts only in time of an Alarm or when the Troops are actually going to attack the Enemy, except to such Soldiers as are destitute of Cartridge Boxes, the Cannisters are to be delivered to them in lieu thereof, ’till they are furnished with boxes, when they are to be lodged with the Brigade-Quarter-Masters as before mentioned. As the Proportion of Cannisters will be but small it would be proper to intrust them to the Non Commissioned Officers only or some of the most trusty soldiers when the Brigades are completed with Cartridge Boxes.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

GW’s expenses for this date included 7s. 6d. “To cash paid boy a day or two ago from bringing Strawberries from Mr Mitchel—Potts Grove” (household account book, 11 April 1776–21 Nov. 1780, DLC:GW, ser. 5, vol. 28).

Lt. Col. Henry Dearborn of the 3d New Hampshire Regiment wrote in his diary on this date that “we hear that the Enimy are Crossing the River over into the Jerseys” (Dearborn, Journals description begins Lloyd A. Brown and Howard H. Peckham, eds. Revolutionary War Journals of Henry Dearborn, 1775–1783. 1939. Reprint. New York, 1971. description ends , 123). In fact, a portion of Clinton’s army, consisting of “the 7th, 26th, 46th, 55th and 63rd [regiments] with Colonels Clifton’s and Allen’s battalions of provincials, and Captain Hovendon’s troop of provincial dragoons” under Brig. Gen. Alexander Leslie, was already across the Delaware, guarding “the chief part of the artillery stores, provisions, and baggage” in the area between Cooper’s Ferry and Haddonfield, New Jersey. At 4:00 a.m. on 17 June, Lieutenant General Knyphausen crossed the Delaware from Philadelphia to New Jersey with the “Queen’s rangers, provincials, Jägers mounted and dismounted, Hessian Grenadiers, Two battalions New Jersey Volunteers[,] Maryland Volunteers[,] Volunteers of Ireland[, and] Caledonian Volunteers” to join Leslie; and “At 6 o’clock in the evening the remainder of the troops [in Philadelphia] were put under arms, and marched to the rear of the several redoubts, where they lay upon their arms all night” (Whinyates, Services of Francis Downman description begins F. A. Whinyates, ed. The Services of Lieut.-Colonel Francis Downman, R.A., in France, North America, and the West Indies, between the Years 1758 and 1784. Woolwich, England, 1898. description ends , 64).

Index Entries