Head-Quarters Valley-Forge June 7th 1778.
Parole Roxbury— C. Signs Rutland Richmond.
The Court-Martial whereof Coll Chambers is President is dissolved, and another ordered to sit tomorrow at the usual Place to try all persons that shall be brought before them—Coll Livingston will Preside—Each Brigade will give a Captain for the Court. A General Court-Martial to sit tomorrow at nine ôClock at the Gulph-Mill to try all such Persons as shall be brought before them—Lieutt Coll Smith will Preside—Four Captains and eight Subalterns from Colonel Jackson’s detachment to attend as Members.
The Court of Enquiry whereof Coll Johnson was President May 29th 1778—report as follows—The Court duly considering the Charge exhibited against Lieutt Coll Park and his Defence are of Opinion that he is guilty of having been absent from Camp without leave, but that he is not guilty of Negligence of Duty whilst in Camp. The Court taking into consideration the peculiar Circumstances attending Lieutt Coll Park’s absence and the punishment he has already endured in consequence of his Arrest & Suspension from duty, beg leave to recommend him to His Excellency as worthy of Acquittal.
The General restores Lieut. Coll Park to his Command.
The Honorable the Congress have been pleased to come to the following Resolutions respecting the Establishment of the Army.
In Congress May 27th 1778.
Resolved that each Battalion of Infantry shall consist of nine Companies one of which shall be of Light-Infantry.
The Light Infantry to be kept compleat by Drafts from the Battalion and organized during the Campaign into Corps of Light Infantry—That the Battalion of Infantry consist of
Each of the Field Officers to command a Company—The Lieutt of the Coll’s Compy to have the Rank of Captn Lieutt.
|Pay pr Mo. Dollrs|
|1 Lieutt Coll||75.|
|1 Major||62 1 3.|
|12 Captns each||50.|
|12 Captn Lieutts each||33. 1 3.|
|12 1st Lieutts each||33 1 3.|
|36 2nd Lieutts each||33 1 3.|
|Pay-Mastr||25.||To be taken from the line.|
|Adjt||16.||In addition to their pay as
Officers in the line.
|1 Surgeon’s Mate||50|
|1 Serjeant Majr||11 23 90ths|
|1 Qr Mr Serjt||11 23/90ths|
|1 Fife Majr||10. 38.90.|
|1 Drum Majr||10. 38.90.|
|72 Serjts each||10.|
|72 Bombardiers each||9|
|72 Corporals each||9|
|72 Gunners each||8 2 3.|
|24 Drums & Fifes each||8 2 3.|
|336 Matrosses each||8 1 3|
|Pay pr Mo. Dollrs|
|1 Captn of Provosts||50|
|4 Lieutts each||33 1 3.|
|1 Clerk||33 1 3.|
|1 Qr Mr Serjeant||15.|
|2 Trumpeters each||10.|
|2 Serjeants each||15|
|5 Corpls each||10.|
|43 Provosts or Privates each||8 1 3.|
|4 Executioners each||10.|
This Corps to be mounted on horseback and arm’d and accoutred as Light-Dragoons.
Resolved, That in the Engineering Department three Companies be established each to consist of
|Pay pr Mo. Dollrs|
|3 Lieutenants each||33 1 3|
|4 Serjeants each||10|
|4 Corporals each||9|
|60 Privates each||8 1 3|
These Companies to be instructed in the Fabrication of Field-Works as far as it relates to the manual and mechanical Part.
Their business shall be to instruct fatigue parties to do their duty with Celerity and Exactness; to repair Injuries done to the works by the Enemy’s fire and to prosecute Works in the Face of it.
The Commissioned Officers to be skilled in the necessary branches of the Mathematicks; The Non Commissioned Officers to write a good hand.
Resolved, That the Adjutant and Quarter Master of a Regiment be nominated by the Field Officers out of the Subalterns and presented to the Commander in Chief or the Commander in a separate Department for Approbation; and that being approved of, they shall receive from him a Warrant agreeable to such Nomination.
That the Pay-Master of a Regiment be chosen by the Officers of the Regiment out of the Captains or Subalterns and appointed by Warrant as above; The Officers are to risque their Pay in his hands.
The Pay-Masters are to have the Charge of the Cloathing and to distribute the same.
Resolved, That the Brigade Majors be appointed as heretofore by the Commander in Chief or Commander in a separate department out of the Captains of the Brigade to which he shall be appointed.
That the Brigade Quarter Master be appointed by the Quarter Master General out of the Captains or Subalterns in the Brigade to which he shall be appointed.
Resolved, That two Aids-de-Camp be allowed to each Major General, who shall for the future appoint them out of the Captains or Subalterns.
Resolved, That in addition to their Pay as Officers in the line there be allowed to
|An Aide de-Camp||24 Dollars—pr Mo.|
|Brigade Qr Mr||15|
Resolved, That when any of the Staff Officers appointed from the line, are promoted above the ranks in the line out of which they are respectively appointable, their Staff Appointments shall be thereupon vacated.
The present Aids-de-Camp and Brigade Majors to receive their present Pay and Rations.
Resolved that, Aids-de-Camp, Brigade Majors and Brigade Quarter Masters heretofore appointed from the line shall hold their present Ranks and be admissible into the line again in the same rank they held when taken from the line; provided that no Aid, Brigade Major or Quarter Master shall have the Command of any Officers who commanded him while in the Line.
Resolved, That whenever the Adjutant General shall be appointed from the Line he may continue to hold his rank and Commission in the Line.
Resolved, That when supe[r]numerary Lieutenants are continued under this Arrangement of the Battalions who are to do the duty of Ensigns they shall be intitled to hold their rank and to receive the Pay such rank intitled them to receive.
Resolved, that no more Colonels be appointed in the Infantry, but where any such Commission is or shall become vacant, the Battalion shall be commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel, who shall be allowed the same Pay as is now granted to a Colonel of Infantry and shall rise in Promotion from that to the Rank of Brigadier, and such Battalion shall have only two Field Officers (viz.)—a Lieutenant Colonel and Major but it shall have an additional Captain.
29th May 1778.
Resolved, That no Persons hereafter appointed upon the Civil Staff of the Army shall hold or be entitled to any Rank in the Army by Virtue of such Staff Appointment.
2nd June 1778.
Resolved, That the Officers herein after mentioned be entitled to draw one ration a day and no more; that where they shall not draw such ration, they shall not be allowed any Compensation in lieu thereof; And to the end that they may be enabled to live in a manner becoming their Stations.
Resolved, That the following sums be paid to them Monthly for their subsistence (viz.).
|To every Colonel||50 Dollars pr Mo.|
|To every Lieut. Coll||40.|
|To every Major||30.|
|To every Captain||20.|
|To every Lieut. & Ensn||10.|
|To Every Regl Surgeon||30.|
|To every Regl Surgns Mate||10.|
|To every Chaplain of a Brigade||50.|
Resolved, That Subsistence Money be allowed to Officers and others on the Staff in lieu of extra rations and that henceforward none of them be allowed to draw more than one ration a day.
Ordered, That the Committee of Arrangement be directed to report to Congress as soon as possible such an allowance as they shall think adequate to the station of the respective Officers and Persons employ’d on the Staff.
Extract from the Minutes
Ch. Thomson Secretary1
All Officers will be careful to make themselves well acquainted with the Establishment and govern themselves accordingly.
The Commissaries will be particularly observant of what relates to their department with respect to rations and subsistence money.
’Till the Regiments shall be arranged agreeable to this Establishment the Nomination of Regimental Staff Officers according to the Mode here pointed out is to be suspended.
Varick transcript, DLC:GW.