George Washington Papers

General Orders, 3 April 1778

General Orders

Head-Quarters V. Forge Friday April 3rd 1778.

Parole: Oakham.Countersigns: Otis Oxford.

The works of the New-Line being very carelessly executed in many Parts, and the Representations of the Engineer to the Officers commanding fatigue Parties hitherto been of no Avail, the General calls upon the several Brigadiers to inspect the Parts which have been alotted to their several Brigades and order their defects to be remedied, which appears to be principally owing to the Stakes1 and those of the exterior face being placed too perpendicularly.

At a General Court Martial whereof Coll Ogden was President March 24th 78, William Morgan an Inhabitant of the State of Pennsylvania tried for coming out of Philadelphia stealing a horse and attempting to carry him back to the City, found guilty of a breach of a resolution of Congress dated October 8th 77—and extended by another2 and sentenced two thirds agreeing to be kept at hard labor during the Contest with Great-Britain not less than thirty miles from the Enemy’s Camp and if he is caught making his Escape to suffer Death.

At a General Court Martial whereof Coll Vose was President March 31st 1778—Lieutent Anderson of 11th Pennsylvania Regiment tried for behaving in a manner unbecoming the Character of an officer and Gentleman, found guilty of the Charge exhibited against him, being a breach of 21st Article, 14th Section of the Articles of War and sentenced to be discharg’d from the service.3

His Excellency the Commander in Chief approves the aforegoing sentences and orders them to take place.4

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

In Brig. Gen. Edward Hand’s orderly book, the general orders for this date begin with the following order: “a serjeant & nine privates from Genl McIntoshes Brigade prepared for a fortnights Command to be paraded on the Grand parade Tomorrow morning at Guard mounting” (DNA: RG 93, Orderly Books, 1775–1783, vol. 22).

1Brig. Gen. George Weedon’s orderly book for this date reads “the weakness of the Stakes” (Weedon’s Orderly Book description begins Valley Forge Orderly Book of General George Weedon of the Continental Army under Command of Genl George Washington, in the Campaign of 1777–8: Describing the Events of the Battles of Brandywine, Warren Tavern, Germantown, and Whitemarsh, and of the Camps at Neshaminy, Wilmington, Pennypacker’s Mills, Skippack, Whitemarsh, & Valley Forge. New York, 1902. description ends , 279).

2For the resolutions of 8 Oct. 1777, see JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 9:784; a resolution of 30 Dec. 1777 extended the power therein granted GW to try by court-martial citizens assisting the enemy in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware (ibid., 1068).

3Enoch Anderson (1745–1820) of Northampton County, who had served as a sergeant in Col. William Thompson’s Pennsylvania Rifle Regiment in 1775 and in the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment in 1776, was commissioned a first lieutenant of the 11th Pennsylvania Regiment on 30 Sept. 1776. Although Anderson had been appointed to replace a captain who resigned in December 1777, he apparently had not yet been commissioned a captain.

4Hand’s orderly book continues here: “a Subaltern from General Woodford & another from Genl Scotts to attend at the Adjt Genls Office at 3 oclock this afternoon, where they will receive their orders” (DNA: RG 93, Orderly Books, 1775–1783, vol. 22).

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