George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Lund Washington, 1 April 1778

From Lund Washington

Mount Vernon April 1st 1778

Dr Sir

By the last Post I got two Letters from you of the 15th & 22d of March, Mr Custis is to take your mare down with him, and put her to his Horse, he goes down on Monday next.1 our Weaver contrived to Pick up a deserter, by so doing he is exempted from going as a Soldier himself, but he is not to continue here—he ask’d me £100. a year saying he cou’d get it—I refused to give him half the sum he is by no means such a Weaver as I wanted, I shoud not have kept him two Months, had I have known where to get another, he is either very slow, or very Idle, for he with two others with him, does not weave fast enough for our family, I shall endeavour to get another but I am at a loss to tell where—the one you mention being directed here by the Comissary of Prisoners I have never yet seen.2

My Letter long before this wou’d inform you of my haveg concluded the bargain with Triplett and the terms—to wit 20/ pr Acre over and above an Equal Quantity of Land, with Liberty to take off the Timber from the Land you get from him, and to be alow’d four years to do it in.3

Several times have I by Letter beg’d the favour of Colo. Lewis to enquire after Blairs Bond, that I might take it up but have never recieved an answer, I wrote to him about 10 days past concerng it—when I can find out who has the Bond I will pay it off4—I shall put the Money I recieved of Adam into the Continental Loan office.5

The last Post I did not write to you, I was from home among your Tenants in Loudon and Fauquier, and did not get here before Wednesday Night which was too late for the Post, I got among them Seventy odd Pounds and prevaild upon them to promise to send me down very shortly all they owe, by Lewis Lemart, who is one among those who is in arrears6—Understandg that your Brother Sam: was down in Westmoreland, I put off going up there among those in his Neighbourhood until he is at Home—he haveg wrote to me that some of them had paid their Rents or part of them to him, therefore I shoud be at a loss how, or of whom to demand,7 You expect me every day at Camp, and I fully expected to be there about this time, but I have it in view to make upwards of £200. by fishg for the Continant8—this sum I am apprehensive woud be lost if I was to leave home, and as We are told the Campaign will not open before june, if I get there by the last of this month it will I hope do as well, as I suppose Mrs Washington will not leave you untill she is obliged to it, so that I shall be there time enough to attend her home—beside this I have but very little salt, of which we must make the most, I mean to make a Brine and after cutg off the Head and Bellys dipping them in the Brine for but a short time, then Hang them up and cure them by smoke, or dry them in the Sun, for our people being so long acustom’d to have Fish when ever they Wanted woud think it very hard to have none at all—I am apprehensive was I to leave home the above woud not be executed as it ought.

If Colo. Fitzgerrald goes to Camp before me, I will send you by him a Coppy of What I have pd & Rcd on your Ac[coun]t together with the Ac[coun]t between us—that you may have it to view or examine at your liesure9—Steady was but thin when I got him—he mends fast—I mean shortly to puff him off, according to the Custom of those who keep coverg Horses, perhaps I may get 20 or 30 mares to him, more than our own—he stands at 15 Dollars the season10—The Ship General Washington will Cost you I expect £500. and no more but when she will get out of this River, is what few will undertake to determine—some say next winter, others never, but as to my self I must confess I have the most Sanguine expectation that she is to be a means of makeg my Fortune—Custis among others seems to be Sick of her and looks upon his money as lost, Yet When I told him, I had a young Horse which all who have seen him allow to be worth £500. and which I make no doubt I shall sell him for, in the Course of the Sumer and offerd him that Horse for his part, he refused, sayg he was determined to keep his share altho he was almost sure he shoud make nothing by it, yet he allows from the Blood, Colour, size &c. of my Horse he must be worth more money—in short there are several who holds a ¼ of ⅛ that wants to get Quit of it, and I am determined, if I sell my Horse to purchase one of their parts—by this you may see I am not sick of my part, and I hope you are not of yours, but if you are and you will inform me of it, perhaps when she in the Port of Alexandria begins to look formidable, some one may think as I do of her, and want to purchase in, so that I may have an opportunity of sellg your part she is still on the stocks, and will be for 3 weeks to come.11

We have had much Wet weather, which has given many of our people bad Colds, but none that I think any way dangerous I myself have a very bad Cold which occasion’d a fever last night, this Morng I am clear of a fever but the Cold very bad—otherways all is well with us—my Best respects to Mrs Washington and Am Dr Sir your affectonate Hbl. Servt

Lund Washington

ALS, ViMtvL.

1GW’s letters to Lund Washington of 15 and 22 Mar. have not been found. For discussion of the breeding of GW’s mare, see Lund Washington to GW, 18 Mar., and note 10 to that document, and John Parke Custis to GW, 26 March. The next Monday was 6 April.

2William Keating (Keaton) was employed as a weaver from May 1777 until late in the summer of 1779. He also worked as a weaver at Mount Vernon in 1782 (Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, ff. 60, 84, 113, ViMtvL). The letter in which GW mentioned that Commissary of Prisoners Elias Boudinot had directed a weaver to Virginia has not been identified.

3See Lund Washington to GW, 4 Mar., and note 2 to that document.

4In 1774 GW gave a £450 bond to Fredericksburg merchants Neil McCoull (c.1739–1791) and Alexander Blair, acting as attorneys for George Mercer’s creditors, for the land GW bought on Four Mile Run in Fairfax County, Va. (see GW to James Mercer, 12 Dec. 1774, and note 3, Papers, Colonial Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series. 10 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1983–95. description ends , 10:201–5).

5For the money received from Robert Adam, see Lund Washington to GW, 4 Mar., and note 3 to that document.

6Lund Washington received a total of £72 from five tenants: William Donaldson, Thomas West, Richard Watts, Ezekiel Phillips, and John Oliphant. Oliphant paid not only for three years’ rent for himself but also £8 for arrears owed by John Dyer and a fee of £4 for transfer of the land from Dyer to himself. Lund did not record further payments from the tenants until January 1779. Lewis Lemart had been a tenant on a 150–acre lot on the borders of Fauquier and Loudoun Counties since 1772. His most recent rent payment was made in February 1775; his next payment was recorded in January 1779 (Ledger B, 68, 153, 155; see also Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, f. 73, ViMtvL).

7Samuel Washington moved in 1770 to the part of Frederick County that became Berkeley County, and GW’s accounts include payments made to Samuel Washington by the Berkeley County tenants after that move (Ledger B, 71–72). Some of Samuel Washington’s receipts for those payments can be found in the Battaile Muse Papers, NcD.

8Lund Washington discussed the proposed fishing business in his letter to GW of 11 March.

9No such copy has been identified, but see Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, ViMtvL, for a record of his receipts and expenditures for GW. John Fitzgerald and Lund Washington apparently left Virginia together on 11 or 12 May and arrived at camp by 21 May (see Lund Washington to GW, 6 May, John Parke Custis to GW, 11 May, GW to Custis, 26 May, and to James Mitchell Varnum, 21 May).

10By July, Lund Washington received £22.10 from George Mason, Jr., “for putg 5 Mares to Steady” and £144 “of Sundry People for Putg 32 Mares to Steady” (Ledger B, 153–54). The owners of the mares are listed in Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, f. 75, ViMtvL.

11The General Washington sailed from Alexandria, Va., in October 1778. John Parke Custis retained his share of the ship (see Lund Washington’s Mount Vernon account book, f. 81, ViMtvL). For more on the investment, see Custis to GW, October 1777, and the source note to that document.

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