George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Major General Philip Schuyler, 25 June 1777

From Major General Philip Schuyler

Saratoga [N.Y.] June 25h 1777.

Dr Sir

I had the Honor to receive your Excellency’s Favor of the 16h Instant at Tyonderoga on Sunday the 24th—It gives me infinite pleasure to learn that your Force is become so respectable as to afford you a prospect of making an Impression on the Enemy’s Lines. I wish, I could say that our’s was such as to create a reasonable Hope that we should be able to maintain both Sides of the Lake at Tyonderoga in Case of a serious Attack—The inclosed Letter and papers to Congress will advise your Excellency of the State of Affairs in this Department1—Since writing my Letter to Congress, I have received one from General St Clair, Copy whereof I do myself the Honor to inclose2—If the Enemy’s Object is not to attack Tyonderoga, I suspect this Movement is intended to cover an Attempt on New Hampshire, the Mohawk River, or to cut off the Communication between Fort George and Fort Edward, or perhaps all three, the more to distract us & devide our Force by drawing our Attention to so many different quarters—I wish the Reinforcement the General officers at Tyonderoga advised me to apply for to your Excellency may be sent the soonest possible—The Garrison of Fort George is much too weak and I have not a Man to send there or to make any Opposition in Tryon County.

I shall raise the Troop of Horse your Excellency recommends—That Business would have been considerably advanced if I had received the orders of Congress, agreeable to your Excellency’s Advice.

Be pleased to forward to Congress a Copy of General St Clair’s Letter. I am Dr Sir with unfeigned Esteem and Respect Your Excellency’s most obedient humble Servant

Ph: Schuyler

LS, DLC:GW; LB, NN: Schuyler Papers.

1Schuyler’s letter to Hancock of this date, written at Saratoga, N.Y., and enclosing other papers concerning military affairs in the northern department, is in DNA:PCC, item 153.

2Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair’s letter to Schuyler of 24 June 1777 contains intelligence that during the previous week one of St. Clair’s scouts had sighted a large number of British vessels on Lake Champlain and a “very numerous” party of Indians assembled near the mouth of Gilliland’s Creek. St. Clair opined that the enemy had come near Ticonderoga not “to attack but to harrass us, and give Confidence to their savages” (DLC:GW; see also Smith, St. Clair Papers description begins William Henry Smith, ed. The St. Clair Papers. The Life and Public Services of Arthur St. Clair: Soldier of the Revolutionary War; President of the Continental Congress; and Governor of the North-Western Territory with his Correspondence and other Papers. 2 vols. Cincinnati, 1882. description ends , 1:406–7). In reality the scout had witnessed part of the enemy force under General Burgoyne’s command that was assembling at Crown Point to attack Ticonderoga.

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