George Washington Papers

General Orders, 22 April 1777

General Orders

Head-Quarters, Morristown April 22nd 1777.

Parole: Armstrong.Countersign: St Clair.

The detachments of the 3rd 4th and 10th Pennsylvania Regiments, are to form one Detachment, and be under the Command of Major Harmar ’till their respective regiments arrive.

This detachment thus formed are to march for Boundbrook, by 6 o’clock to morrow morning, as is also the Eastern Detachment, under the Command of Col. Zebulon Butler—the whole to receive their orders from Major Genl Lincoln, when they arrive there.

The detachment of the 11th Pennsylva Regt to march at the same time for Samtown, and join the other part of their regiment at that place, under the Command of Major Mentzges.1

Major Lamar is to join his regiment, and use his utmost endeavours to have it completed to the establishment.2

The whole of the above detachments to appear on the Grand Parade, at 6 O’Clock to morrow morning, and those ordered to Boundbrook to march off together.

The General Court Martial whereof Major Harmar was President is dissolved.

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1Francis Mentges (d. 1805), a native of Deux-Ponts, France, who apparently had earned his living as a dancing master in Philadelphia before the war, became adjutant of Col. Samuel John Atlee’s Pennsylvania musket battalion with the rank of second lieutenant in March 1776. Mentges was promoted to first lieutenant in August, and in October 1776 he was named major of the 11th Pennsylvania Regiment. Transferred as major to the 7th Pennsylvania Regiment in July 1778, Mentges was appointed the following October to be lieutenant colonel of the 5th Pennsylvania Regiment, a rank that he held until the end of the war. After the siege of Yorktown in 1781, Mentges served for several months as superintendent of the Continental hospitals in Virginia. He became inspector general of the Pennsylvania militia in 1786, and he later served for several years as adjutant general of the state.

2Marion Lamar (d. 1777) of Philadelphia was appointed a captain in the 1st Pennsylvania Regiment in October 1775 and major of the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment in September 1776. He was killed on 20 Sept. 1777 during the British surprise attack on Paoli, Pennsylvania.

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