George Washington Papers

General Orders, 9 October 1776

General Orders

Head Quarters, Harlem Heights, Octobr 9th 1776

Parole: .Countersign: .1

The General positively forbids covering the bottoms of Tents with Earth, as in a few days that situation, must render them totally unfit for service—The commanding Officer of each Corps, will take care to see that this Order is strictly complied with in his own Encampment—In Order that the regiments may get out of Tents as soon as possible, the Brigadiers may apply to the Qr Mr General for Boards, and under his direction, employ the spare time of their men in building Barracks, or Hutts, fit for Winter use. These Hutts, or Barracks, are to be built with regularity. The Works of defence are not to be retarded by these buildings; they are to be advanced by the men off duty, if tools are to be had for them to work.

The respective Brigadiers are to inquire into the state of the Ammunition of their Brigades, and every Colonel is to have a Box of spare Cartridges, to supply occasional deficiencies.

Edward Sherburne Esqr. is appointed Aide-De-Camp to General Sullivan, and is to be obeyed and respected accordingly.2

David Dexter Esqr. is appointed to act as Brigade Major to the Brigade under Col. Lippet.3

Varick transcript, DLC:GW.

1“Williams’ Diary,” description begins “Elisha Williams’ Diary of 1776.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 48 (1924): 334–53; 49 (1925): 44–60. description ends 49:50, gives the parole for this date as “Billoa” and the countersign as “Lisbon.”

2Edward Sherburne (d. 1777) of New Hampshire served as one of Sullivan’s aides-de-camp with the rank of major until he was wounded fatally at the Battle of Germantown on 4 Oct. 1777. He died the following day.

3David Dexter of Cumberland, R.I., who had been an ensign in the 2d Rhode Island Regiment during 1775, became in January 1776 a captain in the state regiment that Col. Christopher Lippitt now commanded. In February 1777 Dexter was appointed a captain in the new 2d Rhode Island Regiment, and he served with that regiment until he was dismissed in January 1779.

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