From John Hancock
Philadelphia June th 1776
I am honoured with your Letters of 7th 8th and 9th Instant. The two first I have read in Congress.1 We have been two Days in a Committee of the Whole deliberating on three Capital Matters, the most important in their Nature of any that have yet been before us; & have sat till 7 O’Clock in the Evening each Day. That not being finished I judged best to return the Express.2 I shall press Congress as soon as possible to determine upon the several Matters you wish to be ascertained, and immediately transmit you the Result.
The Congress have agreed to settle the Mode of paying the Troops in the Eastern Department this Morning, and to proceed to the Appointment of a Deputy Paymaster General.3
The particular Mode of establishing Expresses is now under the Consideration of a Committee, and as soon as agreed, you shall know the Issue.
Altho Congress have not acted upon your Queries respecting the Indians, yet I will venture to give my opinion that Congress intended the Resolution of 25 May should be general and extend to the several Departments, and that the Resolution of the 3d June goes only to the Number which the General shall be empowered to employ in Canada. But I hope soon to give you a full Answer to all your Queries;4 and in future I will exert myself in Congress that your Applications may be considered as soon as received, and you punctually and regularly informed of the Result.
Inclosed you have a Resolve, whereby you will see, that all the Troops in the Middle Department are put upon the same Pay 6⅔ Dollars as the Troops in the Eastern Department.5
I have sent you four Bundles of Commissi⟨ons⟩ and will forward you more by next Opportunity.
The enclosed from Mrs Washington I wis⟨h safe⟩ to Hand. I have the Pleasure to acquaint y⟨ou she⟩ is in fine Spirits, and proposes paying you a ⟨Visit⟩ next Week. I sent her your Letter by the Express; and when you write, if you will please to put the Letter under my Cover, I will immediately deliver it.6 I have the Honour to be with every Sentiment that Respect & Esteem inspire, Sir, your very hbe Servt
John Hancock Presidt
LS, DLC:GW; LB, DNA:PCC, item 12A. Although Hancock dated this letter 11 June, its position in his letter book and its context indicate that he wrote it on 10 June (see note 3 below, and Smith, Letters of Delegates description begins Paul H. Smith et al., eds. Letters of Delegates to Congress, 1774–1789. 26 vols. Washington, D.C., 1976–2000. description ends , 4:184, n.1).
1. These letters were read in Congress on 10 June (JCC description begins Worthington Chauncey Ford et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C., 1904–37. description ends , 5:427–28).
2. The committee of the whole was discussing independence and measures calling for the formation of foreign alliances and the preparation of a plan of confederation (ibid., 425–29).
3. Congress took these actions on 10 June (ibid., 428; see also note 5 below). Congress appointed Hancock’s brother Ebenezer Hancock deputy paymaster general for the eastern department on 12 June (ibid., 432; see also Hancock to GW, 14–16 June 1776).
5. The copy of this resolution of 10 June is in DLC:GW.
6. These letters have not been found. Martha Washington burned nearly all of her correspondence with GW shortly before her death. The mutilated words within angle brackets are supplied from Hancock’s letter-book copy.