George Washington Papers

To George Washington from Nicholas Cooke, 1 April 1776

From Nicholas Cooke

Providence April 1st 1776


I Yesterday wrote your Excellency that I had Information by Express from Newport that a large Part of the ministerial Fleet and Army were near that Harbor. Since which by the Intelligence I have further received I am inclined to believe that the Fleet was not seen as was reported. The Alarm was given upon the following Occasion. Three of the Soldiers being upon a Rising Ground near the Town were positive they saw a Fleet within Seconet Point and counted distinctly Twenty one Sail. Immediately upon this the Sheriff of the County of Newport dispatched an Express with the Information. One of the Ensigns also says that Three large Ships were seen off the Light House from Canonicut Yesterday at 11 o’Clock A.M.1 After having taken all the Measures that appeared necessary to collect a sufficient Force to oppose the Enemy I sent a Person in whom I could confide to Newport who hath just returned and informs me that it seems to be the general Opinion that no Fleet was descried; but that the Persons were deceived by the Weather which was very thick and foggy and hath so continued ever since.2 I think it my Duty to acquaint your Excellency of this by my Son who goes Express,3 and am with great Esteem and Respect, Sir Your Excellency’s Most obedient and most humble Servant

Nichs Cooke

LS, DLC:GW; copy, enclosed in GW to Hancock 4 April 1776, DNA:PCC, item 152; copy, DNA:PCC, item 169.

1The report was sent by Jabez Champerlin, sheriff of Newport County (Joseph Belcher to Cooke, 31 Mar. 1776, in Clark and Morgan, Naval Documents description begins William Bell Clark et al., eds. Naval Documents of the American Revolution. 11 vols. to date. Washington, D.C., 1964–. description ends , 4:593). Sakonnet Point is about five miles southeast of Newport, and the lighthouse was at Beavertail Point at the southern tip of Conanicut Island about five miles southwest of the town.

2Cooke wrote Jonathan Trumbull, Sr., on 2 April that he suspected that the soldiers were deceived by the bad weather “as the fog has cleard away yesterday in the afternoon and no fleet to be Seen in the ofing” (Jones, “Cooke Correspondence,” description begins Matt B. Jones, ed. “Revolutionary Correspondence of Governor Nicholas Cooke, 1775–1781.” Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, n.s., 36 (1926): 231–353. description ends 315).

3The bearer was probably Nicholas Cooke, Junior.

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