George Washington Papers

Cash Accounts, March 1774

Cash Accounts

[March 1774]

Cash
Mar. 12— To Cash of John Reiley for Rent [£] 6. 0. 0
To Ditto recd from Colo. Saml [Washington] for Rents recd by him of Alexr Fryer, Anthy Gholson & Saml Scratchfield 14.15. 0
To Ditto recd from Anthy Gholson—Rent 4. 0. 0
20— To Ditto recd of Josh Kerlin—Rent 6. 0. 0
25— To Cash recd of Michl Henry for Rent of Mr Wm Ellzey1 5. 0. 0
26— To Ditto recd of Richd Lee Esqr. of Maryld pr Doctr Craik for 3 Barrls of Flour2 5.11. 2
31— To Ditto Recd from Mr Geo: Johnson on Acct of Captn Kennedy’s Rent3 13.17. 5
 
Contra
Mar. 12— By a Clerks Note Berkeley4 0. 7. 3
19— By Cash given away 0.10. 0
By Mr Young’s Exps. to Fincastle &ca5 3. 0. 9
By Charity 4. 6. 0
22— By Cash pd Gilbt Simpson Balle acct 61. 7. 0
By Ditto lodgd with Do to defray the Exps. of buildg a Mill on Yougy6 60. 0. 0
25— By Mr Robt Washington7 30. 0. 0
By Cash paid Levin Fullin for 1125 feet of extra 1¼ Inch Flooring Plank 5.12. 6
By Ditto paid Do for 5838 feet of comn 1½ Inch Do 25.13. 9
28— By Cash pd Mr Thos Price for a Bricklayer named Isaac Web £30 Md Cy8 24. 0. 0
By 5 Horses bought at Frederick Town [Md.]
viz. A Sorrell Horse £23.10.0
Chestnut Ditto Flaxen Mane & Tail 20.     
Sorrell Mare with a White Main & Tail 18.     
2 White Horses 32.     
Expences in gettg & bringg them   2.11.6
96. 1.6
deduct 25 prCt Excha.  19. 4.3
76.17. 3
By Mr Vale Crawfords Exps. to Baltimore after Servants £6.6.10 Pena.9 5. 1. 6
By Ditto towards conductg my Business on the Ohio10 30. 0. 0
By Peter Luke & Mabrey Maddin two Wagoners £4 each11 8. 0. 0
By Cash pd William Stevens12 4. 2.10
By Ditto pd Bennet Jenkins 0.12. 0

AD, Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 105–6.

1John Reiley leased a 200–acre tract in Berkeley County on the South Fork of Bullskin at the end of 1772 until his death in 1786 (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 71; Lists of Tenants, 18 Sept. 1785, n.1). This was the same land leased earlier to William Peterson (see GW to Samuel Washington, 4 Feb. 1773, n.4). For the lands rented by Alexander Fryer and Anthony Gholson, see Cash Accounts, March 1771, n.3, GW to Samuel Washington, 6 Dec. 1771, n.5, and Lists of Tenants, 18 Sept. 1785, n.6. Samuel Scratchfield rented 113 acres at the head of Worthington’s Marsh in Berkeley County from 1773 until as late as 1785. This land which rented for £4 per year had formerly been rented by David Rankin (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 32). Joseph Kerlin leased a lot “in the Barrens of Bullskin” from 1773 which beginning in 1784 was rented by Thomas Griggs (Grigg) (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 101; Lists of Tenants, 18 Sept. 1785, n.4). In the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , 24 Mar.—25 Oct. 1774, GW has “pr Mr Wm Ellzey,” and he has added to the entry: “N.B. Mr Ellzey hath overpd in this countg Dollars at 6/,” a total of eight shillings.

2Richard Lee (c.1707–1787) of Blenheim, Charles County, Md., usually called Squire Lee, was naval officer of the Potomac district of Maryland and president of the Maryland council. He is often confused with his cousin Richard Lee of Lee Hall, naval officer of the South Potomac district in Virginia, who was also called Squire Lee.

3For the land leased by David Kennedy, see Cash Accounts, March 1767, n.4, and GW to Samuel Washington, 6 Dec. 1771, n.5. Johnston dined at Mount Vernon on this day (Diaries description begins Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig, eds. The Diaries of George Washington. 6 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1976–79. description ends , 3:241).

4GW’s Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends reads “pd a Clerks note in Berkeley.” The Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends also includes entries for 8 through 16 Mar. which record GW’s expenses incurred while on his trip to Berkeley County. He lists money paid “at [John] Mosss,” “at Goose Creek Ferry,” “at Shannondoah,” “at [Charles] Alexanders,” to “[Lewis] Lemarts Children,” “at Robert Ashbys,” and for servants. On 15 Mar. while staying at Lewis Lemart’s place on the Loudoun-Fauquier county line, GW spent the day “till the Afternoon with my Tenants & making Leases” (ibid., 239). Among the leases given on this day were ones to William Dulin, Isaac Milner, Peter Romaine (Romine), William Thompson, and Edward Wisely, all for land parcels which were located near Lost Mountain in Fauquier County and part of a 3,112–acre tract called Springfield (Fauquier County Deed Book 6, 73–96). On 16 Mar. while he was on Bullskin, GW gave a deed to William Bartlett for 125 acres in Berkeley County (PWW).

5GW’s Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends includes this entry on 20 Mar.: “To Ditto recd from Mr Young after deducting £3.0.9 for his Expences—16.19.⟨illegible⟩.” Young had delivered letters and a warrant for survey to Andrew Lewis and William Preston. See Preston to GW, 7 Mar., and Lewis to GW, 9 March.

6For the mill being built on the Youghiogheny River, see Simpson to GW, 5 Oct. 1772, source note, and 20 Aug. 1774, n.2.

7On 23 Mar. Lund Washington’s brother Lawrence Washington (1740–1799) of the Chotank area of the Northern Neck signed the following receipt: “Then Receivd from George Washington the Currt Sum of Thirty pounds for the use of Mr Robt Washington—it being on Acct of two Negros sold by him to the said George” (owned in 1980 by Mr. Gilbert Amat, Barbizon, France). This was GW’s last payment for two slaves bought of Robert Washington. See GW to Fielding Lewis, 20 April 1773, n.12, and Cash Accounts, May, November 1773.

8According to the entry in the Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , 24 Mar.—25 Oct. 1774, the money was paid “in presence of Mr Vale Crawford for Isaac Webb an Indented Bricklayer.” The 24–year-old Webb was listed as a “Mason” on his indenture with John Moorfield of Bristol, England. Moorfield assigned the indenture to GW: “I hereby Assign unto Coll George Washington all my Right & title to the within Named Isaac Webb his time to begin from the Arrival of the Restoration Capt. Thomas into the Province of Maryland it being the 22d Day of March 1774” (Isaac Webb’s indenture, 31 Jan. 1774, DLC:GW).

11Peter Luke and Mabrey (Mawbrey) Maddin of Frederick County were being paid the first of three installments for “25½ days Waggonage of Goods to Red-stone Stettlement @ 12/ pr day & provisions found you & Horses.” The final payment was on 27 July 1774, making a total of £15.6 paid (Ledger B description begins Manuscript Ledger Book 2, 1772-93, in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. description ends , 102).

12In his Cash Memoranda, 1772-75 description begins “Pocket-day-Book or Cash-Memorandums,” 9 Aug. 1772–27 May 1773, 29 May 1773–22 March 1774, 26 Oct. 1774–3 May 1775. Manuscript in George Washington Papers, Library of Congress. 24 March-31 October 1774. Manuscript in Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens, San Marino, Calif. description ends , 24 Mar.—25 Oct., GW added, for both Stevens and Jenkins, that the money was “towards his Wages.” In DLC:GW there is this extract from an indenture dated 21 Feb. that GW made with William Stevens: “And, lastly the said William Stevens doth hereby consent and agree, that if by sickness or any other unavoidable means he, or any of the five persons engaged by him shall loose any time, a deduction is to be made from his or their wages for the time so lost in proportion to what they are to receive.” Immediately below the extract is written: “N.B. The Agreement of Bennet Jenkins and Jason Jenkins is the same.”

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