George Washington Papers

Memorandum List of Tithables, 14 June 1771

Memorandum List of Tithables

[c.14 June 1771]

A List of Tythables—in Truro Parish—Fairfax County—given in 14th June 1771.

George Washington, Lund Washington

Thomas Bishop, Chrr Shade [house servants] Breechy, Billy, Giles, Frank, Herculas, Frank, Doll, Jenny, Betty, Moll, Sarah, Sall, Winney, Sue, Kitt, Alce [Home House farm] Schomberg, Peter, Arlington, Lewis, Peter, Sarah, Frank, Lydia, Phœbe, Joe Ferrymen: Jack, Jack [tradesmen] Jonn Palmer, Will, Davy, Tom & Ned, George & George [Ferry farm] Michael, Harry, Cæsar, Sam, Cupid, Moll, Lucy, Betty, Doll, Daphne, Hannah, Lucy [Muddy Hole] John Alton, Will, Will, Adam, Sam, Morris, Kate. Nan, Sarah, Jenny [Dogue Run] Morris, Matt, Bath, Jupiter, Robin, Bob, Paul, Walley, Hannah, Sue, Betty, Jone, Moll, Lucy [Mill farm] Davy, Robin, Sam, Judah, Moll, Jenny In all—81. ded[uc]t 2 Ferryn—2. to be Listd—79.

A List of Tithables—in Fairfax Parish—14th June 1771.

James Cleveland

Frederick, Essex, Ben, Natt, Will, Neptune, Abram, George, Schomberg, Ruth, Peg, Murria, Doll, Daphne, Cloe, Nan, Judah, Milly. In all—19.1


1GW’s tithable list for this year shows a number of changes from 1770. The Truro Parish list in particular indicates a total of fourteen more slaves than in the previous year. Among the white workers, the name of wagoner Christopher Shade is added to the list and laborer William Skilling is dropped. Phillis does not appear among the house servants, nor does Harry, although a slave named Harry does appear among the workers on the new Ferry farm. Schomberg has moved to the Home House farm. Herculas, Frank, and Alce appear for the first time among the house workers; Herculas is possibly the same slave listed as ferryman on the 1770 list, and Alce was possibly one of the slaves brought up the previous year from the Custis plantations in Tidewater Virginia (see Joseph Valentine to GW, 21–23 Nov. 1770). At Home House farm, Herculas was dropped and Schomberg, Lewis, Joe, a second Peter, and a second Jack, ferryman, appear. One of the two Jacks is undoubtedly the “negroe Jack” mentioned by John Posey in his 25 May letter to GW. Lewis and Peter may be the ones named in 1770 among the tradesmen. No changes appear at Muddy Hole, and at Dogue Run only Walley is added, perhaps moved from River farm. At the Mill farm, Sam, Judah, and Moll are new, and Ned and Judy missing, although Judy and Judah may indeed be the same person. On the River farm list, Walley’s name is missing, perhaps moved to Dogue Run, and Judah may be the Judy of the 1770 list. The greatest change is the appearance on the 1771 list of a group of slaves on GW’s newly formed Ferry farm at Mount Vernon. Michael may be the tradesman from the previous year’s list, and Harry from the list of house servants, but Caesar, Sam, Cupid, Moll, Lucy, Betty, Doll, Daphne, and Hannah are undoubtedly the slaves sent up by water by Joseph Valentine from the dower plantations that GW had rented to John Parke Custis (see Valentine to GW, 21–23 Nov. 1770, and note 2 of that document).

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