A Roll of the Officers and Soldiers in the Virginia Regiment of 1754
April 30th 1771
A Roll of the Officers & Soldiers who engagd in the Service of the Colony before the Battle of the Meadows (the 3d day of July 1754)—as taken from the Pay, & Muster Rolls of those times
|Officers Names1||Rank||Date of their Comns|
|Joshua Fry||Colonel||Feby 25th||1754|
|George Washington||Lieutt Colo.||Jany 25||Ditto|
|George Muse||Major||March 15||Ditto|
|Adam Stephen||Captain||Feby 25||Ditto|
|Robert Stobo||Ditto||Mar. 6||Ditto|
|Andrew Lewis||Ditto||Ditto 8||Ditto|
|Peter Hog||Ditto||Ditto 9||Ditto|
|Jacob Vanbraam||Lieutenant||Jany 25||Ditto|
|George Mercer||Ditto||Feby 25||Ditto|
|Thomas Wagener||Ditto||Ditto 26||Ditto|
|John West||Ditto||Ditto 27||Ditto|
|William Polson||Ditto||Ditto 28||Ditto|
|John Savage||Ditto||March 9||Ditto|
|James Towers||Ensign||Jany 25||Ditto|
|William Bronaugh||Ditto||Mar. 20||Ditto|
|John Mercer||Ditto||Ditto 26||Ditto|
|William Peyroune||Ditto||April 20||Ditto|
|James Craik||Ditto||May 23||Ditto|
|James Craik||Surgeon||Mar. 7||Ditto|
|John Carlyle & Depuys Commissarys||Jany 25||Ditto|
The above is strictly agreeable to the manner, & time of each Officer’s coming into the Service, as may be seen by the Pay Roll in the Possession of Mr Carlyle, who then acted as Paymaster. Colo. Fry’s death at Fort Cumberland (then Will’s Creek) occasioning the Command to be given to the Lieutt Colo. Sundry other changes took place in Consequence thereof.
|Thomas Bullett, Willm Wright,||Servd as Cadets|
|Soldier’s names||Time of Enlisting|
|[A listing of the soldiers, arranged alphabetically, follows]2|
Note—The foregoing contains a List of all the Soldiers which are to be found either upon the Pay Rolls, or Muster Rolls—The Party of Recruits which joind at Wills Creek after the Battle of the Meadows—The Men who receivd the present of a Pistole from the Country as an acknowledgment of their Gallant Behaviour upon that occasion—and the Detachment which marchd to Augusta sometime after the Defeat.3 By which (& there appearing to be 350 upon the Roll) it is evident there are many Men (here) Included, that are not entitled (strictly) to a share of the 200,000 acres of Land under Govr Dinwiddies Proclamn & scarce possible that any can be omitted which are—this being carefully attended to least any might be deprivd of their Right by not appearing on the List when they applied to
The Letter (E) agt each Man’s name signifies his having enter’d his claim.4
1. All of the officers listed here are identified in volume 1 of Papers, Colonial Series description begins W. W. Abbot et al., eds. The Papers of George Washington, Colonial Series. 10 vols. Charlottesville, Va., 1983–95. description ends .
2. A transcription of the list is in CD-ROM:GW. GW gives the date of enlistment of each soldier, identifies noncommissioned officers by their rank, and indicates which soldiers deserted, were discharged, or were killed. Three hundred and forty-nine soldiers are named, of whom 15 were sergeants, 11 were corporals, 4 were drummers, 27 deserted, 4 were discharged, and 12 were killed. There are two other similar lists, undated, in DLC:GW, each giving some different information and including other names.
3. One of the undated lists of names in DLC:GW (see note 2 above) lists separately the recruits who joined the regiment at Wills Creek after the capitulation of Fort Necessity, the men who received the pistole as an acknowledgment of their good behavior at the battle, and the men who were sent in September 1754 with Capt. Andrew Lewis to protect the Augusta County frontiers.
4. There are no “E”s in this copy of the roll.