George Washington Papers

From George Washington to Robert Dinwiddie, 12 June 1757

To Robert Dinwiddie

[Fort Loudoun] June the 12th 1757.

To The Governor
Honble Sir,

The enclosed is a return of the Subaltern Officers and Cadets in the Virginia Regiment, set down according to their seniority. I think it proper to send this to your Honor that you may be enabled to fill up the Commissions below, if you prefer, it, rather than sending blank ones to1 the officers who have resigned their commissions at different times, of which your Honor has been informed. Since I came up two only have followed their example: namely, Lieutent Williams, of Capt. Peachy’s company; and Ensign Deane, of Cap. Bell’s. The latter was afraid of having his conduct enquired into, concerning an arbitrary exertion of military power: and chose this method of avoiding an examination, as it was agreeable to all parties; and the Service, I very well knew, wou’d not suffer by his resignation. I gave him my consent accordingly; and hope it will meet with your Honors approbation. Capt. Gist is the only one of the reduced Captains who is agreed if he can regularly, to accept of a Lieutenancy: and he accepts of it upon condition that he is appointed the next oldest Lieutenant to Capt. McNeil whose first commission is dated the 4th day of December 1754; and his second, the 18th of August—55. This I thought highly consistent with justice; and therefore promised my endeavours to have it so. Because these Captains wou’d otherwise have become the youngest Lieutenants; and might have been commanded by those Officers, whom they once had in their own companies as Subalterns.2

There is no other method therefore that I can see, to do them justice (and to preserve the proper Rank of the Subalterns) than to antedate their commissions: It is attended with no expence nor inconvenience.

Being informed that the money-Bill is passed; and that Troops will be raised by drafting the Militia; I shou’d be glad to receive timely Instructions, in what manner, and where I am to receive them. What priviledges and immunties thay are entitled to; and what Laws they are to be governed by, &c.—I shou’d also be glad to know on what footing the Ranging companies are to be established, and how they are to rank—compared with the Regiment?3 and whether (but this can not be) they are entitled to any of our Regimental clothes, &c. I recommended when I was in Williamsburgh, Sergeant Hughes (of Captn Stewarts company) for the adjutantcy of the Regiment. Your Honor seemed to approve of it then, and will now, I hope, send him a commission.4 We shou’d also be glad if our Chaplain was appointed, and that a Gentleman of sober, serious and religious deportment were chosen for this important Trust! Otherwise, we shou’d be better without. Enclosed your Honor will receive a copy of the proceedings of a court of Enquiry, held upon Lt Campbell, for not going according to Orders, with the Detachment to Carolina. Lt Steenburgens case was pretty nearly the same with this and many other cases extraordinary in their nature, were transacted by Colo. Stevens, while I was at Williamsburgh.5 Mr Boyd goes down for money. I am &c.



1GW must have written, or intended to write, “for” and not “to.”

2Both John Williams and John Deane had held their ranks in the Virginia Regiment since the fall of 1755. Williams, who was from Richmond County, had been on leave since May. John McNeill had been acting as captain of GW’s company for almost a year. McNeill, whose date of rank as lieutenant in GW’s Virginia Regiment was 18 Aug. 1755, was first lieutenant in Virginia’s forces before the Braddock campaign got underway.

3The “Act for granting an aid to his majesty for better protection of this colony . . .” (7 Hening description begins William Waller Hening, ed. The Statutes at Large; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia, from the First Session of the Legislature, in the Year 1619. 13 vols. 1819–23. Reprint. Charlottesville, Va., 1969. description ends 69–87) provided for appropriating £6,000 to be paid to Governor Dinwiddie to raise three companies of rangers of 100 men each to protect the colony’s southwest frontier.

4Dinwiddie did make William Hughes adjutant of the Virginia Regiment (see Dinwiddie to GW, 24 June 1757), and Hughes ultimately became a lieutenant in the regiment.

5See Enclosure II, Court of Inquiry, 9 June 1757. GW went to Williamsburg near the end of April and returned to Fort Loudoun on 24 May. In the meantime Adam Stephen had turned Fort Cumberland over to Capt. John Dagworthy of Maryland and had marched to Williamsburg via Fort Loudoun with the detachment of the Virginia Regiment bound for South Carolina.

Index Entries